Chapter 6 Notes
Chapter 6 Notes FAD3343
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Irene Mansour on Sunday February 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FAD3343 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by Dr. jeter in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see CONTEXTS OF ADULT DEVELOPMENT in Child and Family Studies at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months.
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Date Created: 02/07/16
Chapter 6: FAMILY, FRIENDS, & COMMUNITY - Family Development in Later Life o Many family & relational transitions in later life Divorce & remarriage Becoming a grandparent Changing relationships w/ adult children Becoming a parenting figure to grandchildren Becoming a caregiver to aging parents Death of family, friends, spouse - Siblings in Older Adulthood o Sibling relationships are likely to be the longest relationships in an individual’s life o The relationship can be emotionally intense, both in a positive & negative manner I can mess w/ my sister, but no one else can o Baby boomers often have more siblings than children. B/c of the declining birth rates, this will change. o There are many different possible combinations/types of sibling relationships o Women tend to be kin-keepers o Siblings maintain contact & increase contact in older age - Variations in Kin Relationships o Women typically maintain closer relationships w/ other family members than men o Having more sisters in a family increase the likelihood that parents will receive support in their older age. o Blue color families are likely to live closer to each other than White-collar families, & therefore, have more contact w/ their families. o Rural elders may be less likely to see a family b/c of smaller income, health problems, & negative outlook on life. - Grandparenting o There are many different types of grandparenting relationships. Some can be distant, authoritative, or fun-seeking. Some grandparents serve as substitute parents. o Grandmothers often look forward to the grandparent role more than grandfathers o Grandparents may have difficulty having relationships w/ grandchildren following the divorce of the kid’s parents. Grandparents do NOT have “legal rights” unless outlined in divorce decrees. - Grandparenting Relationships o Family researchers classify grandparent-grandchild relationships into 3 types” Companionate: grandparents & grandchildren have fun together, enjoy recreation together on a regular basis, & are important to one another’s lives Remote: grandparent-grandchildren relationship is emotionally distant, visits may be infrequent. Grandparents are minimally involved in grandchildren’s lives Involved: grandparents are highly involved in grandchildren’s lives; may care for them on a regular basis & maybe even live together. - Social Networks o Confidents: someone to confide in o Companions: someone you spend time w/ & share activities o Membership & leadership in community “lodge” organizations increase in older age o Church participation increase in older age o “Joining” activities especially increase in middle & upper classes. o Social support-perceived support from family, friends, & other resources. o Social engagement-active participation in social relationship & activites - Religion & Spirituality o What’s the difference between religion & spirituality? Ex: intrinsically & extrinsically religious Extrinsic: actively being involved in church Intrinsic: spiritual, internal part of yourself, thinking & contemplating, prayer. Higher intrinsic religiosity & spiritual well-being related to higher hope & positive moods in older age o Religion & spirituality are culturally desired & practiced o Non-organized aspects of religion are more common than organized aspects in older age. o Different ethnic groups may report varying levels of importance/religion African Americans report religion & church as power sources/support - Religion & Well-Being o Religion becomes increasingly important to people as they age. Social support Encouragement or healthy lifestyles Sense of control over life through prayer Fostering of positive emotional states Reduction of stress Faith in God to interpret misfortunes
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