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SOCI1160, Week 3 Notes

by: Regina George

SOCI1160, Week 3 Notes SOCI 1160 030

Regina George
GPA 3.8

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About this Document

The exam is Monday. These notes cover the final material for the unit, including plea bargaining, violence, and theories.
Introduction to Social Problems
Dr. Emilie Khair
Class Notes
sociology, soci, SOCI1160, exam, Functionalism, Conflict Theory, Theory, death penalty, prison
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Regina George on Sunday February 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 1160 030 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Emilie Khair in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Social Problems in Sociology at Georgia State University.

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Date Created: 02/07/16
Monday, February 8, 2016 Social Structure Theories - What makes someone violent? • Background • Child Rearing Witness • • Education - Functionalism • Our country is more violent than most other countries…why? - Gun laws • Afunctionalist could examine laws, common ideals of the country, how we frame the issues • Durkheim: Normal Violence - measured rate of violent acts in different countries, believed rates of violence would fluctuate with the population. however he found, that the violent rates remain stable. this lays in the society’s mindset - predictable by examining the characteristics of a society which regulate individual impulses and desires (anomie) • Merton’s Strain Theory - cultural goals - cultural means - Identifies five groups of people (on test) • Most likely to become criminals: innovators • Gottfredson and Hirschi (control theory, kind of under functionalism) - Why do some people become violent while others do not? • lack of self control • emphasis on immediate gratification - ineffective child-rearing practices • adequate monitoring • recognition of deviant behavior • fair and consistent punishment - Conflict Theory • Violence is inherent in society 1 Monday, February 8, 2016 • working class has higher rates of violence due to lack of power • class exploitation: how are the wealthy more violent? • men are currently competing with women for jobs and economic security - Global Concerns: Preventing Violence • Equality: In almost any society that women are devalued, rape is higher • Cost of Rape: Severity of Punishments • Climate of Violence - Examine cultures with low violence to determine factors that minimize violence - find ways to educate young men to channel aggression constructively - find ways to increase respect between genders • Gun Control - Crime • Aviolation of a law • if there is no law, there is no crime • crime is culturally relative • making criminal acts criminal is a political process • power: the capacity of some people to achieve goals in the face of opposition • Crime throughout the World - no country without crime - most countries have the same components in their criminal justice systems: police, courts, prisons - usually adult males make up the largest category of criminals - Symbolic Interactionism • Why would we look at crime from this point? - Research what makes people commit crimes - • Labeling Theory - Being labeled deviant leads to further deviant behavior • the labeled person is denied opportunities to engage in nonevent behavior • the labeled person adopts a deviant self-concept and acts accordingly • self-fulfilling prophecy - William Chambliss: The Saints and the Roughnecks - Police Discretion - examine how we label certain people based on actions and verbal responses 2 Monday, February 8, 2016 - Functionalism • crime is a natural part of society • capitalism motivates everyone ensuring intense competition • illegitimate opportunity structures, i.e. Merton’s Strain Theory • Class differences - reinforces our ideas on class, keeps people in their place as far as institutions are concerned. the difference between this and conflict theory… • In conflict theory, one could research the representation of crime sorted into income, race, etc. - Conflict Theory • social inequality leads to crimes as means of economic survival • those in power define what is criminal • law enforcement penalizes those without power and benefits differently than those with power • 2002 Sarbanes-OxleyAct: first time company officers were held accountable for their company’s actions • Ford’s Internal Memo on the Pinto relating fuel leakage associated with the static roll over test - White Collar Crime • Crimes committed in course of employment or by corporations in the interest of maximizing profit - Occupational: individuals commit crimes in the course of their employment - Corporate: corporations violate law to maximize profit - Problems with Plea Bargaining • people that don’t get a speedy trial…also don’t have money - Capital Punishment • Death Penalty 3


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