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Weekly Notes for Week of February 1 - February 5

by: Ethan Ezratty

Weekly Notes for Week of February 1 - February 5 Management 301

Marketplace > Pennsylvania State University > Business, management > Management 301 > Weekly Notes for Week of February 1 February 5
Ethan Ezratty
Penn State

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About this Document

This material will be tested on test 1
Management 301
Professor R. Johnson
Class Notes
MGMT301, mgmt, PSU
25 ?




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Popular in Business, management

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ethan Ezratty on Sunday February 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Management 301 at Pennsylvania State University taught by Professor R. Johnson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Management 301 in Business, management at Pennsylvania State University.


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Date Created: 02/07/16
Chapter  2  Management  Perspectives:  Theory  &  Practice     In  Time  &  Place  Our  Focus:       -­‐Western  Business  from  Start  of  Industrial  age  (1700s-­‐1800s)   Big  3  Approaches  to  MGMT  theory  &  practice     -­‐Classical   -­‐Behavioral     -­‐Modern       Management  Approach  1-­‐  Classical     Pioneers  for  Classical  Management  Research   -­‐Scientific  Management-­‐  Frederick  Taylor   -­‐Bureaucratic  Organization-­‐  Max  Weber   -­‐Administrative  Principles-­‐  Henri  Fayol     Frederick  Taylor-­‐  Scientific  Principles     -­‐Develop  a  science  for  each  job   -­‐Hire  workers  with  right  ability     -­‐Train  &  motivate  workers  (science)   -­‐Support  workers  (based  on  science)   -­‐GOAL-­‐  secure  maximum  prosperity  for  employer  and  employee     Max  Weber-­‐  Bureaucratic  Organizations     -­‐Clear  division  of  labor   -­‐Hierarchy  of  authority     -­‐Formal  rules  and  procedures   -­‐Impersonal   -­‐Careers  based  on  merit     -­‐KEY-­‐  Power=  ability  to  coerce  actions       Authority=  actions  taken  voluntarily     Henri  Fayel-­‐  Administrative  Principles     -­‐Foresight/planning     -­‐Organization   -­‐Command   -­‐Coordination     -­‐Control   -­‐KEYS-­‐  Scalar  Principles  =  clear  communication     Unity  of  Command=  one  boss  per  person               Management  Approach  2-­‐  Behavioral       Pioneers  for  Behavioral  Maggement  Research   -­‐Hawthorne  Studies-­‐  Elton  Mayo   -­‐Theory  X&Y   -­‐Human  Needs  Study-­‐  Abraham  Maglo     Elton  Mayo-­‐  Hawthorne  Study     -­‐Studied:       -­‐Use       -­‐Change     -­‐Fostered     -­‐Result:       -­‐No  direct  relationship  found       -­‐  Researcher  attention  was  key     -­‐Groups  have  negative  /  positive  influence  on  member  tendency       -­‐***PRODUCTIVITY  INCREASED  REGARDLESS  OF  INCENTIVE   -­‐Hawthorne  Effect:  Tendency  to  live  up  to  expectations     Abraham  Maslow’s  Hierarchy  of  Needs:   -­‐Top:  Self-­‐actualization  needs,  esteem  needs;  social  needs,  safety  needs,   physiological  needs   -­‐******Maslow  Applied:  on  boarding-­‐  way  to  bring  people  into  a  company     Theory  X  &  Y-­‐  Douglas  McGregor     -­‐both  theories  are  from  perspective  of  managers     -­‐reflection  how  managers  think  work  should  be  done       Theory  X:  dislike  work,  lack  ambition,  follow  not  lead,  resist  change,  irresponsible   Theory  Y:  Willing  to  work     -­‐KEYS-­‐  1.  Reflects  ways  managers  manage  today     2.  Practically-­‐  a  mix  of  both  approaches  used                                   Management  Approach  3-­‐  Modern     Modern  Approaches  to  Management     -­‐Operations  &  Management  Science     -­‐Ex:  -­‐Network  Models       -­‐Forecasting         -­‐Inventory  Analysis         -­‐Queuing  Theory         -­‐Linear  Programming     -­‐Customer  Driven  Systems       -­‐Resources  In  -­‐>  Bus.  Creates  -­‐>  Out  Customers   -­‐Contingency  Thinking     -­‐Quality  MGMT  Evidence  Based  MGMT     -­‐Quality  MGMT     -­‐  Six  Sigma       -­‐Lean  Principles       -­‐High  Performance  Orgs.      


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