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Lecture Notes: Government 2/1&2/3

by: Elizabeth Ennis

Lecture Notes: Government 2/1&2/3 P SC 1113-030

Marketplace > University of Oklahoma > Political Science > P SC 1113-030 > Lecture Notes Government 2 1 2 3
Elizabeth Ennis
GPA 3.5

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full set of lecture notes!
American Federal Government
Professor Justin Wert
Class Notes
Government, american federal government, political science, Poly Sci, American Government, university of oklahoma
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elizabeth Ennis on Sunday February 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to P SC 1113-030 at University of Oklahoma taught by Professor Justin Wert in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see American Federal Government in Political Science at University of Oklahoma.

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Date Created: 02/07/16
Week  2:  Mon-­‐ Civil  Liberties  Wed -­‐ Civil  Rights Monday,  February  1,  2016 12:24  PM 1. The  Bill  of  Rights   a. intro i. Amendment:  change  or  addition  to  the  constitution   ii. Founders  initially  didn't  think  that  a  bill  of  rights  was  necessary   iii. List  of  was  only  imagined  to  apply  against  the  national  government;   idea  is  called  incorporation iv. Ex.  Law  and  order  TV  show,  wouldn't  even  be  possible  until  bill  of   rights  applied  to  states  the  way  they  apply  to  the  national   government   b. First  Amendment i. Only  made  to  apply  to  the  states  1929 ii. Right  against  the  establishment  of  religion 1) Prohibits  national  government  from  creating  a  national   religion 2) Didn't  come  to  supreme  court  until  1930-­‐ s40s;   3) then  came  into  question  if  states  could  establish  a  religion a) Ex.  Maryland:  religion  was  catholicism iii. Free  exercise  of  religion 1) Government  can't  prevent  you  from  practicing  your  religion 2) What  are  the  conditions  when  your  faith  would  prevent  a  law   from  applying  to  you   a) unemployment  benefits,  the  "Bob  Marley  Religion",  etc. b) Hobby  lobby:  providing  insurance  for  employee's  goes   against  their  religion  because  it  requires  them  to   provide  contraceptive c) Paodi:  native  american  drug   3) Not  a  big  deal  until  it  is  applied  to  the  states  government   iv. Freedom  of  speech 1) What  is  considered  free  speech?   a) Walk  into  a  state  court  house  yelling  "Fuck  the  Draft",   the  states  have  the  right  to  stop  that,  but  if  you  walk  in   to  a  courthouse  with  a  patch  on  your  jacket  that  says   "Fuck  the  Draft"  it  is  considered  free  speech 2) How,  when,  and  where  you  say  it  is  how  they  regulate  it,   content  nuetrality   a) Walk  into  a  state  court  house  yelling  "Fuck  the  Draft",   the  states  have  the  right  to  stop  that,  but  if  you  walk  in   to  a  courthouse  with  a  patch  on  your  jacket  that  says   "Fuck  the  Draft"  it  is  considered  free  speech 2) How,  when,  and  where  you  say  it  is  how  they  regulate  it,   content  nuetrality   3) Non-­‐verbal  speech   a) Burning  the  flag  is  a  free  speech  act  (Texas  vs  Johnson) b) Obscenity  is  not  protected  (pornography,  video  games) c) Burning  your  draft  card  is  not  free  speech c. Second  Amendment i. Right  to  have  weapons  to  PROTECT  yourself d. Third  Amendment i. Still  haven't  had  to  apply  this  to  the  states ii. Never  had  a  case  where  the  government  has  forced  citizens  to   quarter  soldiers  during  times  of  war iii. How  many  times  has  the  third  amendment  been  an  issue  in   american  history? 1) Never  been  litigated,  therefore  it  is  one  of  the  few  that  isn't   applied  to  the  states   e. Fourth  amendment   i. Talks  about  one  right  in  particular:  right  against  unreasonable   searches  and  siezures   ii. Two  schools  of  thoughts   1) Always  need  a  warrant  and  probable  cause   2) One  says  you  just  need  probable  cause   iii. Hot  pursuit,  plain  sight,  exceptions   f. Fifth  amendment   i. Can't  be  a  witness  against  himself;  the  right  to  remain  silent   1) One  of  the  most  difficult  right  to  maintain   2) "must  verbalize  that  you  want  to  stay  silent" ii. Due  process  clause 1) Life,  liberty,  and  property   2) The  government  can  kill  you  with  due  process?  Death   penalty?   iii. Double  jeporady  clause   iv. Government  can't  take  your  private  property  for  public  use  without   a  reason 1) Ex.  Part  of  lindsey  street  east  of  the  university;  have  to  take   some  private  property  in  order  to  widen  the  street   2) Government  can  do  this,  but  it  has  to  be  for  the  public  good   3) Have  to  compensate  you  fairly   g. Sixth  amendment i. Speedy  trial,  impartial  jury,  challenge  witnesses,  nature  and  cause   1) Ex.  Part  of  lindsey  street  east  of  the  university;  have  to  take   some  private  property  in  order  to  widen  the  street   2) Government  can  do  this,  but  it  has  to  be  for  the  public  good   3) Have  to  compensate  you  fairly   g. Sixth  amendment i. Speedy  trial,  impartial  jury,  challenge  witnesses,  nature  and  cause   of  acusation,  assitance  of  council   1) The  right  to  an  attorney  in  certain  types  of  crimes;  not  until   1960s  that  the  court  said  that  in  every  case  you  can  have  an   attorney  if  you  want  on-­‐mostly  there  for  people  who  can't   afford  an  attorney  by  themselves   a) Court  appointed  lawyers  can  be  so  overworked  and   can't  pay  full  attention;  equality  questions h. Ninth  amendment i. The  bill  of  rights  can't  be  used  to  deny  other  rights  to  people ii. There  are  other  rights  that  might  not  be  written  down  that  are  just   as  important  as  the  ones  that  are  written  down 1) What  are  those  rights? 2) Technology  privacy  rights,  two  legal  adult  males  to  marry   each  other,  the  right  of  a  17  year  old  rape  victim  to  secure  an   abortion,  the  right  of  a  terminally  ill  patient  to  end  their  life   through  a  doctor.  Are  these  rights?   i. One  of  the  biggest  reasons  rights  change   i. The  constitution  changing  itself;  the  civil  war   ii. Freeing  slaves,  can't  deny  the  right  to  vote  based  on  race,   iii. States  can't  deny  privilages  and  immunities,  due  process,  and  rights   1) Court  doesn't  really  know  what  privilages  and  immunities  are   either,  very  vague   2) They  are  at  the  very  least  what  the    bill  of  rights  are,  so  let's   apply  them  to  the  states 3) Start  to  apply  to  states  until  the  1960s  to  twentieth  century   2. BIG  PICTURE:  APPLYING  BILL  OF  RIGHTS  TO  THE  STATES  LIKE  IT  WAS  ORIGINALLY   MEANT  TO  APPLY  TO  THE  NATIONAL  GOVERNMENT


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