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History of Photography: Week 2

by: ChristopherMetallo

History of Photography: Week 2 CNPH 24000-01

Marketplace > Ithaca College > Film > CNPH 24000-01 > History of Photography Week 2
GPA 3.8

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About this Document

Notes on William Henry Fox Talbot, the Daguerreotype, what was happening in the 1840's, African American photographers, and Southworth an Hawes.
History of Photography
Rhonda Vanover
Class Notes
Photography, 1840, history
25 ?




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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by ChristopherMetallo on Sunday February 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CNPH 24000-01 at Ithaca College taught by Rhonda Vanover in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see History of Photography in Film at Ithaca College.


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Date Created: 02/07/16
Feb 2nd/4th 22016 History of Photography WEEK 2.1 - John Herschel (John Travolta) (reading) • Created the cyanotype - Its purpose was to create blueprints (architecture) - created in 1842 - Robert Rauschenberg • 3 dimensional with element of photography • Untitled 1951 - lifesize cyanotype (1:1) • Untitled Sue - William Henry Fox Talbot • Video - The salted paper print • Not as clear - the calotype Negative • introduces the negative positive relationship that resonates - The Pencil of Nature • a book describing the processes he used and photographs he had taken • published 1874-1876 • published in 6 sections • 1st to use real photos instead of engravings • shows the reproducibility of photography • Articles of a China Plate 3 - WHFT, 1844-1846 1 Feb 2nd/4th 22016 • The Open Door - Plate #5 from pencil of nature - WHFT, 1844 - Low to the ground - Deep focus and fairly detailed - Reminiscent of Dutch paintings - Makes you feel uneasy because of the cars h shadows • The Haystack - WHFT, The Pencil of Nature - Ladder with a haystack that mimics a barn - Showing something that is larger than us, shown through perspective and scale. - Can see texture of the hay • From England, born in 1800 • Hears of Daguerre • Latticed Window - William Henry Fox Talbot, taken with camera obscura with paper negative process, Aug 1835 (look up process • Not as clear, chemicals sink into paper and pick up it’s toothless - Coming To America • Photography is still not considered art, just a process of copying • Samuel Morse - goes to France and talks to Daguerre - Daguerre leans about morse and teaches Morse his process • Edgar Allen Poe - big supporter of photography 2 Feb 2nd/4th 22016 • Photography changes our understanding of light - REVIEW • Photography is announced after 1839 - Arago goes and tells parliament • Niepce dies before seeing it, son gets money (1833) • (France) Daguerre and Niece produce a latent image First permanent Photography • - View from window at Le Gres 1822 by Niece • How were daguerreotypes developed - Anne Atkins • First Woman Photographer • published a book of botanicals with hand written texts - 1840’s • French law prohibits children under 12 from working more than 12 hrs • British minors unionize • Talbot takes out patent for calotype(1841) • Talbots The Pencil of Nature (1844) • Morse installs telegraph from Baltimore to Washington DC (1844) • Mexican American War begins (1846 • Neptune discovered) War correspondents used for the first time • Carl Zeiss optics for cameras are developed in Germany • The Photographic Club (london) • 1st woman rights convention in seneca falls • Stereoscopic viewer developed (1848) - David Brewster • Wet- Collodion process invented (1848) - Alexandre-Edmond Becquerel - The Portrait 3 Feb 2nd/4th 22016 • Photography’s 1st love, • Daguerreotypes: sitters tended to move during long exposure, resulting in a blurry image • Chemistry improved the photograph process, resulting in shorter times and a greater need for the Daguerreotype - Morse Meets Daguerre • Morse was in Paris when Daguerre’s invention was announced • Mar 1839, exchange information on how their inventions work - Earliest Portraits used with Daguerreotypes process - Jean- Francois-Antoine Claudet, The geography lesson, 1851 • He invented the stereograph and safelight for darkroom processing • Formed a studio for portrait photography • stereoscope - created using 2 photographic cameras - The Warping Room stereograph • - Daguerreotype • Hand tinted - What does B&W do that color cannot? • BnW - more emotion, more contrast • Color - adds realism, more current, more lively, adds warmth, more detail - The Erotic • soft-core pornographic photos were one of the 1st mass-market products • provided extra income for photographers 4 Feb 2nd/4th 22016 • Female nudes were more desired • Images reminiscent of classical paintings - The Shadow • sometimes people would commission photographers to photograph the dead • mortality rate was high • photos keep their memories alive Photographing the dead • - Civil War - Joel Peter Wicken WEEK 2.2 - Studio Work • provided a calm environment • props, BGs, nited to distract - more people are involved in he process. Start to question wether or not this can be used as art. More self expression. • fashion/ hairstylists - start to hire these people to add some flair - Nadar is photographing celebrities and has a following (annie lebowtz of 1890’s) • some BG’s were painted (scenes) • encouraged self expression (no longer stiff) • No longer have to have stiff paintings - figures are not used to this. The figure is being told what position to be in. • John Brown - Late 1840’s/50’s more photographers are coming to the light and the process is becoming more readily available. 5 Feb 2nd/4th 22016 - Want to abolish slavery and is very controversial during the time - Augustus Washington, John Brown, 1846-47, Daguerreotype • first time we see positioning • An intense gaze • Done in a studio • He takes up the whole frame Both BnW and color photograph • - Augustus Washington • African American photographer • Dartmouth college • son of a slave • photographer ad active abolitionist • went on to run several successful studios in Africa • catered to both black and white customers, very much a businessman - James Presley Ball • African American photographer • Active abolitionist • began career in Cincinnati • successful gallery alter “Great Daguerrian Gallery of the West” • photographed Charles Dickens and fredrick Douglas • These men are not on neutral ground when photographing. They are accepted by people with similar views Alexander thomas, Daguerreotype • - Photography inherently memorializes its subjects • Susan Sontag - photography has an inherent mournfulness to it. 6 Feb 2nd/4th 22016 • James Presley Ball - Storyboard photograph of William Biggerstaff • Was born a slave • was hanged in Montana after killing Dick Johnson, claiming he kills din self defense • 1st - dressed well, posed, BnW, in a chair, no wedding ring, flower lapel, handkerchief, his attire suggest he is dressed for an occasion, professional, man with purpose, setting in chair in a relaxed position • 2nd - Biggerstaff in the center being hung, flanked by sheriff and white people, wearing same jacket without flower 3rd • - Wearing wedding ring, same jacket - Memorializes him, through the series he is documented - Strange angle, Ball is choosing this angle to force you to look in a way as if you are there - Southworth & Hawes • pair of photographers that made large daguerreotypes (almost 7 inches) and sold them for large prices • They have lots of perks (fashion, props, stylists, lights) Know for documenting Boston’s historical heritage • - McKay’s Shipyard • South worth, self-portrait, 1848, daguerreotype - rembrant lighting (high contrast) - says you can imply things with photography • Had a stereoscope that could rotate images with the turn of a crank. Was flashy and sucked people in 7 Feb 2nd/4th 22016 - photography shaped the way we remember things - Forming Support Groups • photographers formed societies in order to promote he medium • traded technical info • held exhibitions • published newsletters/ journals (promoting themselves) soon became elitists against inferior products or assaults on public rates • • Photography is now becoming a commodity • Help establish the importance of photography as an art form - Charles Baudelaire • From France • concerned photography would make painting irrelevant • At critic who criticized photography and didn't believe it was an art form and was only for mimicking • Good friends with Nadar (ends up dating his mistress) • Accepts photography as a means of record keeping but nothing more - Nadar • French • First to use artificial lighting • 1st to take ariel photos (uses shot air balloon) • marketer of his own work • made high end photographs Period the Photographer • • Sarah Bernhardt, 1864, collodion on glass negative - ruffled dress, lights and shadow, chair and podium, posed, sexy but not to revealing, highlights in the eyes to signify artificial light 8 Feb 2nd/4th 22016 • Victor Hugo Dead in his bead, 1885 9


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