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Week 1

by: DaJavon Swingler
DaJavon Swingler
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About this Document

These are chapter 1 notes
World Geography
Dr. Julie Weinert
Class Notes




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by DaJavon Swingler on Sunday February 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 103 001 at Southern Illinois University Carbondale taught by Dr. Julie Weinert in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see World Geography in Geography at Southern Illinois University Carbondale.


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Date Created: 02/07/16
Chapter 1: the environmental Dilemmas we face Populations, Consumption & Environmental Impact  I=P x A x T  I: Environmental impact  P: Population  A: Affluence per person  T: Technology used  Ultimate goal: make consumption sustainable. Human Population  “Earths central environmental problem… is that there are too many people…(4)”  Overpopulated?  How big can our population get?  About 43% of humans live in extreme poverty.  Rich & Poor  Highly developed countries (MDCs): 20% of world’s population­Japen,USA,Norway  Poor countries o Moderately developed­China, Turkey, Brazil, Mexico o Less developed (LDCs)­Ghana, India, Afghanistan   Characteristics Of LDCS o Cheap unskilled labor. o Economy agriculturally based. o Hunger, disease, illiteracy common.  Developing countries(LCDs) o Rapid Population growth is overwhelming. o Natural resource depletion.  Developed Countries o Slow population growth to population decline. o Higher rate resource consumption. Population, Affluence & resources  Economic growth tied to exploiting natural resources.  Developed countries have utilized many their resources.  Over use to natural resources tied to poverty. T: Technology  Give examples of common types of technology utilized in  o MDCs –Hybrids, electric cars, Technology to exploit  o LDCs­Mass transits, more polluting.  How can the type of technology used affect environmental impacts?  The wild card Chapter1.2­ Environmental Sustainability  The environment will maintain key functions indefinitely. o Water, Soil, Air quality, Ozone layer, Carbon cycle  Types of Resources o Nonrenewable  Limited supply  Once they’re gone, they’re gone.  Metals, Aluminum, Natural gases, Water. o Renewable  Virtually unlimited  Replenished over relatively short periods.  Forest, Wind, Solar power, Geothermal, Food.  If overexploited, they can become unrenewable.  Unsustainable practices o Nonrenewable resources being rapidly depleted. o Many renewable resources being used in a renewable way. o Environment is being polluted. o Human population is increasing.  Population and consumption o People overpopulation.  Environment getting worse  Too many people o Consumption overpopulation  Environment getting worse  Use far more than necessary: why?  Too much stuff o Highly developed countries o 10% world’s population consume:  86% aluminum  76% harvested timber  68% energy  61% meat eaten  42% fresh water o Developing countries are starting to consume more.  NIMBY o Not in my backyard o What situations cause people to say this?  Power plants, garbage deposition areas. o Can a NIMBY approach provide real solutions to environmental  problems?   No, they’re going to put it somewhere else. o What would be a more effective strategy for guiding environmental  decision making?  Better alternatives


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