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Religion 372 Week 4 Notes

by: Cassandra Tomkin

Religion 372 Week 4 Notes REL 372

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Cassandra Tomkin


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About this Document

These notes cover what was taught the first Thursday of this February.
Formation/Christian Tradition
Dr. Jason Bruner
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cassandra Tomkin on Sunday February 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to REL 372 at a university taught by Dr. Jason Bruner in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views.

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Date Created: 02/07/16
**4.Feb.2016 (Thursday) - Week 4 Early Christian Intellectuals (125-c.250)  Second Century to the Third century (Origen lived during this time period) Jesus begins a grass roots movement, taking in fishermen, country folk,  and other unsavory characters o No hierarchy, but there is leadership  Movement found within Jewish synagogues  Moving from the 1st to 2nd century boundaries need to be established o Didache - moral o Clement - respect, structure, follower/following of the rules  2 things change: o Scale on which Christian intellectuals are writing (1) o Location also changed (2)  Christianity seems to be a literary tradition, a tradition of the book o This is taken for granted Why Do They Start Writing Start writing in defense of themselves  o These were called apologies  Making a defense of who you are, what you believe, and how you worship  The had to explain: o Why are you meeting in secret sects in the backs of houses? o Defense of themselves in charge that they were Atheists o Came off as kind of weird and funky - Rumors spread  Cannibal - Partake in the blood and the body  Killed babies  Incestuous  Is baptism a religious form of killing people o Are they teaching something new?  How is it verified?  **Justin Martyr (Book of Acts) o Died 153 AD/CE o Became a Christian o Very educated o From Eastern part of the Mediterranean o Converts as an adult o Christianity = True philosophy o Logos (Greek for "word")  Gospel of John o No fundamental disconnect between "Jerusalem" and "Athens" o The world of Christianity and Greek learning can share the same space, the two are not completely at odds with one another  **Tertullian o Circa 150- ca. 225 o One of the more enjoyable writers to read at this time o Rigorous with his personal disciplines o Morally strict o Great debater o Invents the term (to the best of our knowledge) "The Trinity" o Legal mind o Had some poignant things to say about "Scripture, Church, and Authority"  The Hebrew writings (Septuagint) translated into Greek is mainly what he went off of  If you are from outside the church you have no right to say what is going on in the church o You know the church by the succession of bishops o No philosophical speculation  Hated philosophical speculation  Had no interest in what God can and cannot do, no interest in hypotheticals o "What has Athens to do with Jerusalem?" o There was a line for him: You are either in or you are out  **Irenaus o Ca. 130 - ca. 200 o Creation was good o Divinization  "Our Lord Jesus Christ, who did through his transcendent love become what we are, that he might bring us to be even what he is himself."  **Clement  **Origen o 184-254 o Creation o Inherits some of the bits and bobs of what the others have said about Christianity, before him o Can dictate multiple books simultaneously o Logos  Entity in which God created all through the rest of the world o Origen's creation of souls came before Genesis  Soul ---> Body, Body ---> Soul and back to God again  Satan and demons themselves are not beyond God's redemption o Material world is provisional and that all souls and the spirit is eternal  The material world is something that is just passing to him o Souls and redemption o Scripture and spiritual truth


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