Note for COMM 288 at UMass
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Date Created: 02/06/15
COMIVI 288 EXAM 3 Pamela Paul You and Me and Pornography How Porn Affects Relationships fromPorni ed 1Wh did Kara think Rob used orno ah 138139 LL 1 For Eiot what does fantas do ctlon between free ow fantasy and porninduced fantasy hf 39 VT H39MMHW Edquot in quot 3 Accordig to ark Scwartz what is the istm quot w H m c Muquot M gmuwtr 1 11111 H r 6 What do media messages often encourage women to do with regard to porn p 142 7 What is re ected in Katie Couric s reaction to the the advice of Dr Gail Saltz 14 Hes 2143 9 Accordlng to some sex theraplsts and couples counselors what is a woman s discomfort with porn a re ection of 145 um 7 21 hf 10 What does AllneZoldbrod say has to be in place before a couple introduces pornography into their sex life as a coule s actiVit 1 11 What IS most men s View of erotica 146 1 MPH 1 1quot quot1 iii 1 5 2391r 717 i l Kim m 9 h n enedto so 12 at i the rel between Nathali w39vl w v A V39Wf gt12 quot 1 quot i quot quot 1 M 1 1 hu ationshi n 11 i l en t 13 What do women often assume wh the use pornograph with their partner p 146 m mv i m 14 What wrecked th relatlonshl betwen L w u iH Mquot 1 j 9 15712 7 1m 1 11 quotmy 16 Under what cond1t10ns do some therapist think a man s use of pornography on his own would work in a relationshi 148 17 What is one of the ma39or attractions of orno 39 quotV xquot mm 2 a TW u 39i 18 Acordm to Jo maquot 19 Accordin to Jessica what is her bo riend s Hr n 39 3923 J1quotl 313 i i r 1 v mm mm u 20 What do many women remark about men who watch a lot of porno graphyp 151 21 Accordin to Aali ah what is the roblem in omo ah w 151 22 How does AlineZoldbrod describe men and women s sexuality p quot n H a ll Accordin 39iwu u 5 In the El 26 In the ElleMSNB at did one in ve men confess to p 153 u u 1 1133 27 What does it mean that Jonah is con ning his desires around bondage to pornography rather than with Ste hanie 154 28 For many men what does pornography take away from p 154 i n r she found that Marc had been looking at porn p 157 39 39 1 11 H dmit about his r wk to Diane Russell what ha ens to men who look at omo l m 1 mm do 161 e wordle ct that boys s 1H m l 40 Wha is e inev1tale s1 eeffect of men s secrecy around porn p 162 w Jl 11 1 u 41 What do onethird of women married to a cyberspace user consider their partner s online activities akin to what p 163 rovide for him p 164 en t ically feel who discover their partner s porn use p 165 43 What do wo 44 Accordm to ltering company WiseChoicenet what do more than half its adult customers use it for p 166 not to block their kids access but to keep themselves and other adults from looking 45 According to attomey s what is pornography increasingly connected to p 166167 divorce 46 According to Marcia Maddox what is pornography like Adultery 47 What do media and therapists do to women who blame themselves when their partners stray into pornography p 168169 women are reinforced in this selfblame 48 What did Jonah s therapist tell him about his use of pornography p 170 there s no reason to feel guilty and that there s nothing wrong with pursuing his fantasies through pornography 49 How does Jonah think pornography is an enhancement to his sex life with his fiance p 170 he has trained himself to think about porn while having sex with his fiancee in order to keep himself excited and involved 50 What conclusion do women reach that is reinforced by a pomifred culture p 171 porn is inevitable and there s nothing they can do that porn is excusable natural and unavoidable Jessica Valenti Intro amp The Blame and Shame Game from Full Frontal Feminism Intro lWhy did Jessica Vaelnti write Full Frontal Feminism Because she spent a really long time feeling completely confused about why more young women wouldn39t embrace something that to her was clearly the greatest thing ever 2 What is feminism to most young women Ugly unpopular anticool 3 According to Valenti how does feminism make women s lives better You are able to get past all the nonsense that tells you you re not good enough to all of a sudden understand why you39ve never felt smart enough or pretty enough and finally being able to put your finger on the feeling that you39ve always had that something is off BlameShame Game 4 What scares Valenti most about rapists They re people you know otherwise regular guys some of whom don t know what they39ve done is wrong others don t care 5 What have young men in the US been brought up to think That they have open access to women s bodies and sexuality that women are for them there for sex constantly available 6 What happens once violence against women is normalized We accept it as an inevitable fact of life rather than an epidemic that we need to ght on a large scale 7 What is living by a rape schedule like Because of women s constant fear or rape women do things throughout the day to protect themselves carrying keys in hand as we walk home locking car doors as soon as we get in not walking down certain streets taking precautions 8 Why is living by a rape schedule not that effective We assumed that if we39re going to be attacked it will be by some crazy random person jumping from behind a tree but almost 23 of all rapes are committed by someone the victim knows 9 Why are young women less likely to report a rape Some women don t even realize they39ve been raped some women think that if force wasn39t used it wasn t rape some women think that they deserved it or that they owed the guy sex 10 What is the hardest thing to understand about rape and sexual assault How it still happens and we39re so quick to excuse it women are still being blamed for being the victims of violent crimes 11 What some of the common rapeblaming techniques Wearing a skirt equals open for business girls just want to have fun no hymen no rape women should know better 12 On what basis did a supreme court in Italy overturn a rape conviction Because the victim was wearing jeans she must have agreed to sex because her jeans couldn39t have been removed without her help 13 According to Bill Napoli who is the only woman who should be able to get an abortion The sodomized virgin 14 What is the real danger of the women should know better blaming tactic It plays on the guilt that rape victims feel and it ignores the rapist it assumes that rape is inevitable 15 How is the culture of rape not about random acts of violence It s about how young men are being brought up to look at women as less than human 16 What does living in a rape culture do to how we think of rape The culture essentially condones rape social and political conditions implicitly allow for rape 17 What is the problem with too many solutions to rape Too many solutions put the impetus for change on women makes it women s jobs to make sure they don t get raped not men39s responsibility to make sure that they don t attack women 18 Who do 40 of teenagers know They know someone their age who has been hit by a boyfriend s 19 What are the different parts of the cycle of intimate partner violence Cycle starts with a tensionbuilding phase then there is an incident of physical abuse on a larger scale after the incident the batterer moves on to the honeymoon phaseapologies excuses then the cycle begins again and often the violent incidents get worse over time 20 How do a lot of potentially abusive men initially come off as The perfect guy 21 What are some of the sign of a potentially abusive partner Isolation jealousy control enforcing seriously traditional gender roles verbal abuse using force during sex being sexually manipulative using cruelty to animals or kids as a means to control their partner s behavior 22 What characterizes violent relationships Control and fear violence is a means to the end 23 For what reasons might a victim stay in an abusive relationship Poverty isolation fear of increased violence death and culturalreligious beliefs 24 What are the results if a culture that teaches men that women exist solely for them their desires Harassment and rape 25 In the media who is often shown as a victim of domestic or sexual violence The white woman being beat by her nogood drunk husband middleclass straight gals 26 What in uences how violence affects women Race class sexual orientation or even the job or career she has 27 What is probably the most important piece of legislation concerning violence against women The Violence Against Women Act VAWA 28 In Ohio what have judges ruled concerning domestic violence laws The state domestic violence law doesn39t apply to unmarried couples 29 What does Holla Back encourage women to do To take pictures of wouldbe ashers and harassers with their camera phones and send them in with their stories Paula England and Reuben Thomas The Decline ofthe Date and the Rise ofthe College Hook Up 1When was dating invented The 1920s 2 In the 1950s and before what was the norm for sexual intercourse It was to be reserved for marriage 3 How do students today tend to use the term dating To refer to the activities of couples who have already decided that they are in an exclusive romantic relationship 4 When it dating much more common More common after than before exclusive relationships are formed 5 Where do most hookups start Half at a party a quarter at a dorm and others at a bar and othermiscellaneous settings 6 What role does alcohol play in the hook up Hook ups often follow lots of drinking sometimes students said being drunk caused them to do things they wish they hadn t afterwards and other times they admitted that they liked being under the in uence because it took away inhibitions andhelped them do things they wanted to but were too selfconscious to do sober 7 What surprises many adults over 50 years of age Oralsex is not seen as having sex 8 How do relationships get started 13 started with a traditional date 44 had one or more hook ups first which were sometimes followed by some dating before things became exclusive or of cial start dating someone within your group of friends 9 What talk is often initiated by women The talk where one of the two people sought to define the relationship more clearly 10 What is notable with about a quarter of relationships That they had been in a relationship for 6 months and had not had intercourse 11 What have cultural changes given women the option of The option of more sexual behavior than in the past 12 What can the orgasm gap regarding oral sex be caused by One reason is probably that women are receiving less genital stimulation conducive to orgasm than men in hook ups sometimes women are uncomfortable receiving oral sex outside a relationship men are unwilling or unskilled at performing cunnilingus 13 What do men overestimate regarding sexual intercourse Thefrequency of their partners39 orgasms 14 What is the double standard If girls hook up too much or have sex too easily they get a bad reputation but if men do the same thing their bad reputation does not last as long it39s less stigmatic for a guy to do the same thing 15 What is the walk of shame Walking home from a hook up wearing the same clothes from the night before smeared make up 16 What did the survey data reveal about losing respect for someone after a hook up 37 of men said they lose respect for someone after a hook up compared to only 27 of women when asked if anyone had lost respect for them after a hook up 51 of women said yes and only 25 of men said yes 17 What did women show more interest in than men regarding the hookups relationships and sexual intercourse Turning hook ups into relationships and to limit sexual intercourse to relationships 18 What is the result of women wanting relationship more than men It puts men in a stronger bargaining position about starting relationships 19 In some male culture what implication are drawn about real men and relationships That real men are not supposed to care about relationships 20 What happened in the 1960s and 1970s that made it possible to have sex without fear of having babies The advent and legalization of birth control and the legalization of abortion 21 What increased fears about casual sex The AIDS epidemic 22 What curious thing happened as result of the conservative backlash fear of aids or annonacceptance of casual sex Oral sex came to be seen as much less serious or intimate 23 Why might many men see little reason to ask women on a date Handgenital stimulation and oral sex is fairly easily available through hook ups and friendship is easily available in coed dorms 24 How does hook up culture disadvantage woman who want relationships before any sexual contact Because the hook up is the main pathway into relationships today 25 Where has equal opportunity for women gone further In the educational and career world rather than in the college sexual scene Lynn Phillips Mirror Mirror on the Wall from Flirting with Danger Young Women s Re ections on Sexuality and Domination 1What stares back at women as they stare into the psychological mirror p80 each nds her own image composed of other faces each with competing messages as to who she should be and how she must present herself her friends family and educators the religious right her cosmo magazine women s studies class all partners with whom she39s been involved 2 What is absent from the re ection in the mirror p80 any whispers of a discourse of male accountability and a discourse of female pleasure without penalties 3 In addition to positioning women socially and historically what else must we consider p81 we must also consider how and where they are positioned developmentally 4 What are the dominant aspects of female identity in Western cultures p82 passivity dependence and the development of characteristics that are pleasing to men 5 What makes sense in a culture so con icted about sex and female adolescent desire p82 3 that sexuality would emerge as a primary vehicle for negotiating among these discourses as young women struggle with gendered power and adult identity 6 What do heterorelations challenge young women to do p83 to negotiate continuously across multiple dimensions of powerto experience themselves as both actor and acted upon as potential adult subject and possible gendered object 7 What potential do young women often see in heterosexual involvement p83 as a potential path toward liberation an opportunity to distinguish themselves from childishness babies or little girls 8 What does losing virginity represent for some young women p84 a shedding of their childhood identities 9 What discourse did Gloria lack when she thought she was mean for stopping during intercourse p85 lacking a discourse of male accountability she thought she was mean rather than considering him mean or inappropriate for giving her an ultimatum instead of stopping 10 What is a marker for womanhood for many adolescent girls p85 receiving general sexualized attention from males often in the form of comments about appearance sexual invitations or irtatious looks and gestures 11 What is the proud badge of adulthood represented by being sexually active tainted with p86 the stigma associated with young women s sexualities 12 What was Heidi aware of as she negotiated virginity p867 that for females being sexually active and being sweet are deemed mutually exclusive 13 What other imperative overlaps the need to be sexually together and not too sexual p87 the need to be sexually accommodating in order to please men 14 What did Melissa s analysis of her refusal of a man s desire leave little room for p88 seeing the refusal of a man39s desires when they con icted with her own as an empowered or together choice 15 What double bind was Henna caught in p89 strong internalized pressure to rid herself of her virginity in order to feel grown up and also pressures to avoid guilt about not pleasing a man and to avoid feeling like a young stupid kid 16 What stereotypes also undermine women s sexual pleasure p91 stereotypes based on social class such as the cultural association of lowerclass females with promiscuity 17 According to bell hooks how have African American women been historically perceived by the dominant white culture p92 as sexual savages possessing an inherent wanton sexuality and thus have been treated as fair game for men s sexual conquests 18 As well as being a transition into adulthood what else does sexuality represent p93 a transition into a complex arena of potential danger and female victimization 19 How did many women who welcomed it as a marker of adult status experience the loss of their virginity p934 as frightening physically or emotionally painful or exploitive 20 What would Frances acknowledging herself as a victim have meant for her p95 that she was a dumb little girl 21 Why do young women feel the need to exclude themselves from the category of victim p96 acknowledging themselves as victimized seemed to be an admission of failure requiring them to see themselves as na39139ve taken advantage of or just a dumb little girl who got in over her head 22 How do women who get attention from male supervisors feel p96 like a woman they interpreted the attention as a sign of their success as pleasing sexually desirable women 23 What do women often experience simultaneously p99 a sense of pleasure and potential danger power and powerlessness attery and humiliation 24 What is the third challenge that women have to negotiate p100 it involves a tension between the enormous ambivalence most young women felt about their heterorelations and a strong sense that if they were truly mature sexually sophisticated women they would experience no confusion misgivings or sexual hang ups at all 25 What did many women interpret their own change of mind during a sexual encounter p101 it not only meant losing face in front of a partner it also indicated to the women themselves that they were not as mature as they wanted to be 26 Why do some women go through with losing their virginity when they do not feel ready p 101 because they feared appearing frigid uptight or uncool to a partner or to friends 27 What does the need to appear iogether in a sexual encounter result in for many women p103 constantmonitoring of themselves during their sexual interactions with men 28 What is rare in women s experiences of sexual encounters p104 for women to describe a sexual situation with men in which they did not experience some degree of ambivalence 29 What is the overall challenge of living amongst these tensions for women It is not for young women to somehow escape or transcend the cultural discourses that surround them trying to step outside the discourse would be like trying to repair a jet in ight from outside the jet itself it is simply not possible 30 What were the three major common themes that Phillips found in her study p 105110 the centrality of audiences mindbody split and losing one39s voice 31 What do the narrations reveal p110 the translation of pervasive and contradictory heterorelational discourses into a series of social and developmental challenges for young women transitioning from childhood to adulthood FILM Dreamworlds 3 1What has happened to music videos in terms of the their place in the culture Moved from margins of culture to its center 2 What story about women is told across the whole range of our media culture Women39s bodies are currency CONSTRUCTING FEMININITY 3 How are women presented in music video with regard to sexuality As ravenous creatures that desire sex at all times with any man that happens to be around as nymphomaniacs as aggressors that won39t take no for an answer women outnumber men and have to share them 4 What understanding does the cliche of multiple women draped over a man help construct Femininity always being defined in terms of a powerful man or even a boy 5 What happens to women in music videos when men are absent Women are so desperate and independent and needy that they need to nd replacements like fruit fingers ice cream cones for men when they39re not there fall apart emotionally until a man returns 6 What is the major activity that the women of music video are engaged in Undressing partying dancing helping menwashing cars bikes and airplanes mud wrestling relaxing by pools in the shower or bath 7 What female character has evolved into one of the major aspects of music videos Strippers THE PORNOGRAPHIC IMAGINATION 8 What is a staple of heterosexual male fantasy Voyeurism of girl on girl action 9 What is the essence of the commercial male heterosexual pornographic imagination Voyeurism hatred disrespect misogyny thinking about women only being de ned by the sexuality 10 Which convention in hiphop videos shows that women are regarded with contempt Money being thrown at themcontempt reserved for strippers and prostitutes 11 What film do black male images of hiphop most resemble Dwgrif ths lm the birth of a nation 12 In the Snoop Dogg DVD Diary of a Pimp what is the mission that he accomplishes Sums up the male pornographic imagination got the uptight journalist to fall for him 13 How are the worlds of music video and pornography most directly intertwined Matt zane film backstage sluts rock stars playing out fantasies lunch meatthrow it at naked woman before show degradation and control of women 14 According to the lm what is the real question that we should ask about sexuality in media images Whose story is being told Whose eyes do we see the world through Whose eyes do we not see the world through Whose fantasies are these WAYS OF LOOKING 15 What lming techniques re ect the View of the person being watched as a passive thing Camera panning the willing and exposed bodies of women exploring in detail 16 How can we label the lmic techniques that accompany the pornographic imagination The pornographic gaze 17 When could we say that objecti cation is not negative If it was widened to include other aspects of women like intellectual emotional spiritual there would be nothing wrong with a little objecti cationso it wouldn39t be the only way women are thought of 18 What does the video series Girls Gone Wild demonstrate The internalization of the story hypersexualized woman whose body is there to please men FEMALE ARTISTS 19 What is the challenge that female artists face in the male dreamworld To try to stay true to their own visions of themselves 20 What does the video career of Jewel tell us Started as a serious and authentic artist then with video of intuition recreated conventions of dreamworld 21 What is similar about the careers of Mariah Carey Christina Aguilera and Jessica Simpson Original images much more innocent until they had to conform to dreamworld conventions entry into mainstream culture is to enter into pornographic imagination MASCULINITY amp CONTROL 22 Before the wardrobe malfunction that exposed Janet Jackson how are she and Justin Timberlake acting toward each other She plays the role of a tease and he plays the role of a man that wants to control her and her body 23 Why is the conclusion to the Superbowl incident a microcosm of the dreamworld She has become nothing more than a body part and he has demonstrated his control over her 24 What is glamorized in the Justin Timberlake s video Cry me a River Real life stalking and domestic abuse where a man cannot handle a woman s rejection of him 25 In the video Eat You Alive what does Fred Durst do to demonstrate male control Kidnaps a woman he is obsessed with and forces her to watch as he expresses his anger at her for rejecting his advances 26 What happened during the 2000 Puerto Rican day parade Central park turned into war zone for women doused with water stripped and sexually assaulted by men 27 What was most striking about the images from Central Park How familiar they were 28 What is the major difference between music videos and the images from Central Park The women in the real world were not enjoying it not their dreamworld but their nightmare 29 What is one of the most interesting questions to ask about the photograph of the sexual assault that took place during the 2001 Mardi Gras festival in Seattle What is going on in the minds of these normal looking men that they think they have the entitlement to enact their desires on any female body that happens to be around even when it is against her will What stories from the culture are they drawing upon to legitimate their assault 30 What are the two sides of the sexual objecti cation of the female body On one hand adoration and desire on the other loathing and contempt 31 What is revealed by the attitudes expressed by the men in the segment from Keeping Score The danger and violence is inside our relationships not outside when you objectify women violence is not far behind 32 Why are the images of the dreamworld not innocent The line between fantasy and reality are blurred not just imagesthe stories they tell are implicated in gender and sexuality relations in our society FILM Spin the Bottle GET TIHS PARTY STARTED 1How is alcohol presented in the popular culture The excessive use of it is glamorized and romanticized in popular culture 2 How are the negative consequences of alcohol presented in popular culture They aren39t represented everyone is having fun no consequences 3 What has MTV done for Spring break Created a fantasy for teens students go on spring break and recreate what they see in the media 4 Who suffers the consequences of highrisk drinking on college campuses 5 What conseuences do medical rofessionals see of highrisk drinkingl I 1 1 What healh roblems 1s alcohol connecte to on campus 7 What academic roblems are alcohol connected to l i i i u m V 171 WLHM HL 1 gm UNDE HE IUENCE 8 What is one of the ways of quantifying how much of a man you are Hf39quot Himlh gt 9 What is the n eerculture around male drinki I 7h 1 H 39 J m v HUIt mtwvmi in NJ quotm Hmwm l3 1w 1 M H quotnu 12 In addition to alcohol what ele do we need to pay attention to when we look at the problems caused by 111 2 w w ui l 1 LJ 14 ow does alcohol hel to resolve this contradiction quot M w quot i v 6 Lnquot 1 in In 1 15 What is ha n enin with bine drinkin with women y l i i 39 1 m 139 ll 1 quotluv w v39w mi 1 y 1 M at function do drinkin I ames perform for wom NV ri M39Hjntv e 1 17 What messae about ower do alcohol ads conve to women HIM 39m quot41 Ylmi39 W 39 quot quot Hn quot 7quot 1 at cultural 1dea about 0 lcohol markets 4 1mm Dm 20 In addition to bein sexcentric what else describes the culture s attitude toward sexuality 1 v 1 Cl l u 21 What is the realit of sex N 1 a L l i m 11 iv m l iwn w zwI 1m39 22 How do alcohol advertisers use the concerns around sexual anx1e 7 M 39M 7 24 According to Jean Kilbourne what is often left out of the stories the culture and alcohol marketers tell about sex Hlnl 139 x 26 How does the culture treat drunken sex 1 1 1 ODY SHO to Jackson Katz what is a danerous mix when it comes to definitions of masculini mam H u cur 1 1 quotquotJl Hi ll39ns Mg m x quotW H l jm39LJ law 4 27 Accordin 17 Hm he lm H ltu w w 28 According to Ojae Beale in what number of sexual assault cases does alcohol play a role m l 9 around 31 Whatdo Hm 39 vry a 32 How can alcohol be thou 391 u 397 vi lljf f39r nts relation to sexual assault 11 us I u 11mm l w 539 r mm m H 1r 3 33 When is the most vulnerable time for firstyear female stude Wm A in u oach to the problems associated with drinking 1 2an mutual u w a mr uw mu focus on gt1 36 od m n s 17quot n39umjw w 3 39 H l can fellow s w whc wmti tudents do to hel n friends in trouble with alcohol What is the challen e to face reardin imaination imwgj39wgihmg r
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