ECON 211 Week 11 Notes
ECON 211 Week 11 Notes Econ 211-001
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alejandra Cortez on Saturday April 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Econ 211-001 at Colorado State University taught by Christina Curley in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Gender in the Economy in Economcs at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 04/09/16
Gender in the Economy Week 11 Socially Imposed Altruism Men as a group stand to gain by encouraging women’s caring behavior Men have had more economic power than women (for the most part throughout history) Socially imposed altruism: gender based system of coercive socialization o Social imposition through gendered social norms of family obligation o Social norms assign women greater responsibility for care Men have socially imposed norms too o Social norm to be breadwinner and be financially independent Altruism Levels of altruism might be the same between men and women, but the expressions of it differ Altruism: disinterested and selfless concern for the well-being of others In certain societies maternal altruism seems to be stronger than paternal altruism (strong patriarchy societies) Why? o Sociobiology: greater biological investments in each child made by females o But women are also more likely to care for elderly and inform so biology can’t be the only reason Societies develop coercive rules that make it difficult for women not to specialize in care Cultural Bargains Caregivers can be “held hostage” by care Caregivers have a hard time threatening to stop working There is a threat/fear that if women don’t provide care, no one will Cultural bargain: maybe masculinity can be redefined in more caring terms De-gendering Care De-gendering care requires questioning social norms of masculinity Stereotypes are resistant to change when they benefit those with the power to defend them To help reduce gender inequality, encourage male participation in care But care is costly in terms of lowering market income o Explains why men would be reluctant to take on caring roles Reproducing Gender Gender roles o Destabilized by fertility decline and increase in female LFPR o Reinforced by occupational segregation in the labor force Occupational segregation o Caring occupations: most conspicuous are teaching and nursing o Women are overrepresented in these occupations Gender Norms and the Marriage Market Marriages tend to be between people of similar class, race, and education level Choice of partner o Men might have the incentive to marry a high earner, but might also worry about marrying a partner with more bargaining power who will not take all of the household responsibilities Occupational choice can have impacts on the marriage market o There might be penalties for women in non-traditionally feminine occupations Men in search of long term relationships tend to prefer women in subordinate jobs “Powerful women” are at a disadvantage in the marriage market Tough Guise Documentary Notes News commentators tend to genderize violent or criminal acts We see violence against women as a women’s issue, we focus on the victim and what to do for them When women or colored men commit crime their gender/race becomes the story We associate gender with women We tend to ignore the “majority group” (heterosexual, white men) Biology arguments tend to make people think that men are naturally violent Violence is taught, not learned Violence is used to establish respect and masculinity and is used as a first resort
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