Phil 014 | Lecture 5
Phil 014 | Lecture 5 PHIL 014
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Gabriella Morales on Sunday February 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 014 at Pennsylvania State University taught by Edward O'Bryn in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 79 views. For similar materials see Basic Problems of Love and Sex in PHIL-Philosophy at Pennsylvania State University.
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Date Created: 02/07/16
Assumptions, Questions, and Fallacies Monday, February 1, 2016 10:13 AM TOPIC 1 Assumptions It is a widespread belief that it is virtuous to love others and sinful to love yourself Historically self-love is thought of as a pest or as narcissism General Negative Definition: o Love and self-love are mutually exclusive > They do not overlap each other in any aspect o More of one equals less of the other. More love = less self love Narcassist = No love for others Questions Is there really a basic contradiction between loving oneself and loving others? Is the self-love the same thing as selfishness or are they opposite? What is the goal of selfishness - is it concerned with intelligence or emotions If it possible that selfishness is cause by the lack of self-love Fallacy- Statement: Love for others and love for oneself are mutually exclusive (148) " A doctrine which proclaims such an exclusion prove itself to be intrinsically contradictory" Statement already contradicts itself 'Love thy neighbor as thyself' This statement implies that respecting your own integrity and uniqueness cannot be separated from respect, love, understanding, or care for another (148) Logically - There is not concept of the human being in which I am not included TOPIC 2 2 basic premises build the basis of any argument for self-love (148) a. Not only others, but we ourselves are the object of our feelings and attitudes b. The attitudes towards others and ourselves are not contradictory, but conjunctive (fully connected, making judgements about others and yourself) Which means: a. Love toward themselves will be found in all those who are capable of loving others. b. Love is indivisible as far as the connections between "objects" and one's own self is concerned What does it mean to love? Well to love someone is to actualize and concentrate the power of love. o Gives us a road map, that says love is the basic support of another person, specifically because of who they are as a human being. o Love of human qualities coming from a specific person. o But the love of this specific person implies love of humans, as such, not as abstracts Points to William James and affirms that: " If one loves one's family, but cannot feel for a stranger, then they have a basic inability to love." Following the way we think about love- Fromm defines self-love: The affirmation of one's own life, happiness, grown, freedom is rooted in one's capacity to love. TOPIC 3 Selfishness and Unselfishness Self love must be differentiated from both 1. selfishness and 2. unselfishness Selfishness: If self-love anf love for others are connected, then what is selfishness? The selfishness person is interested only in themselves, takes no pleasure in giving, loves to take Lacks interest in the needs of others, lacks respect for their dignity and integrity Unable to love, and judges everyone's usefulness based on their interests Do not love others > Lack care and fondness for themselves Wind up empty and frustrated > Ultimately they hate themselves Selfishness and self-love , far from being identical, are actually opposites (152) "It is true that selfish persons are incapable of loving others, but they are not capable of loving themselves either" (152) Unselfishness: If selfishness is against self-love, and selfishness is opposed to unselfishness, then why is self-love also in contrast to unselfishness? EX: Parent A consciously believes that she's fond of her child, but she has a deep hostility towards that child. Parent A is over-concerned NOT because she loves to much, but because she is trying to compensate for their lack of love towards them. Parent- Child relationship & relationships with others Do no want anything for themselves, proud to consider themselves unimportant Despite being faithfully committed to others, has a difficult time connecting to close friends Often paralyzed in their capacity to love or to enjoy anything "Behind unselfishness, a subtle but not less intense self- centeredness is hidden" (154) The goal of unselfishness id to teach others what it means to be loved and what it means to love..but the effect does not correspond to those goals Children of Parent A don't show the happiness of those who have been loved. Instead they have a fear disapproval and anxiety about living to Parent A's expectations. Parent A's underlying hostility is transferred to the children Unselfishness can be worse because it prevents the children from criticizing their parent. Parent has always been loving to some degree. To be an effective parent, is to be a parent that love's oneself
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