AHS 102 Week 5 Notes Dr. Phillips
AHS 102 Week 5 Notes Dr. Phillips AHS 102
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Gardner on Sunday February 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AHS 102 at Ball State University taught by Natalie E Phillips in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see History of Art Survey 2 in Art History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 02/07/16
AHS 102 Week 5 Notes th High Renaissance, 1500-1530 (Early 16 century) Strove for even greater realism More interest in classicism Extreme interest in human psychology Giorgio Vasari wrote much on the three main artist we will talk about o Leonardo da Vinci o Michelangelo o Rafael Artist: Leonardo da Vinci o Overview He is the oldest Generally a nice man, agreeable Perfectionist (most works unfinished). o Sketchbooks Science and art – “Renaissance Man” – good at everything The Vitruvian Man From sketchbooks Showed symmetry and balance of the human body Classical influence o Military Service Under Duke of Milan (different one than mentioned in previous chapters who tried to conquer Florence) Leonardo was from Florence Wanted to test military inventions Tank, flying machines, crossbow, catapult Work to know: Virgin and Child with St. Anne by Leonardo da Vinci o Shows chiaroscuro, atmospheric perspective o Sfumato = misty haze around figures o Pyramidal composition = balance; symmetry o Compared to other images St. Anne is young in this one o Much of Leonardo’s work contains elements from his own life Had 2 mother figures he loved and respected Theory of why St. Anne and Mary look the same age Work to know: Ginevra de Benci, Leonardo da Vinci o We see more of her face – not profile like earlier portraits of women in Italy o She has more expression and seems more dignified o On the back, there was juniper, laurel, and palms Meant to show her character Revolutionizing how female portraiture was done Work to Know: The Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci o Lisa Gherardini del Giocondo – woman posing for the painting o Veil in her hair – hard to see b/c painting has darkened with age o Used to have eyebrows – was overcleaned o Also known as La Gioconda o Subtle, nuanced expression Work to Know: Copy of Mona Lisa by Leonardo’s Apprentice (Prado version) o Was learning by copying his master’s work o More colorful o Not as successful in capturing the subtleties in expression Work to Know: The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci o Very damaged – Leonardo was experimenting with a dry fresco technique o At a refectory in a monastery at Milan o John is the apostle always in the left of Christ o Judas isn’t as obvious in this painting He’s the one who has a knife behind his back Body language moving away from Christ, as if taken aback that He knows Judas holding the money he was given for the betrayal Knocking over salt on the table – old phrase “betray the salt” Artist: Michelangelo o Giorgio Vasari was obsessed with Michelangelo Called him “Il Divino”, the divine one o Michelangelo around when Laocoon and his sons was excavated o He was heavily influenced by classism Work to Know: David by Michelangelo o Ultimate symbol of the high renaissance o Won a contest to do the piece o Tension in his face, drama Chose moment in story before David took on Goliath, where Donatello’s David had already won and was standing on decapitated head o The expression changes as you move around the figure o Idealized figure; in the round o Note: a way to tell it’s a Michelangelo is from the very large hands Work to Know: The Medici Tomb by Michelangelo o Lorenzo de Medici (statue) Quiet, scholarly Well captured in the sculpture o Giuliano de Medici (statue) Open, confident o Many figures in the tomb o Unfinished because Michelangelo was called away to do Sistine Chapel o The figures Under Giuliano and Lorenzo, represent time Giuliano: male = day; female = night Lorenzo: male = dusk; female = dawn Note: The female figures look muscular and have breasts “tacked on” because Michelangelo only used male models Work to Know: The Sistine Chapel Ceiling by Michelangelo o Commissioned by a Medici, Pope Julius II o Complicated layout – middle = genesis stories o Went through a restoration project (cleaning away smoke and residue from candles and incense o Ignudi Male nude figures for decoration and framing o Sibyls: female prophets o God Creating the World Dramatic, not previous intellectual treatment of the subject of creating the world o God Creating Adam Adam looks lazy – doesn’t have a soul yet God reaching out to give him one God appears to have weight, not ethereal (being held up by many figures) o The Last Judgement Commissioned by Pope Paul III 20 years after the ceiling was done Michelangelo had a crisis of faith when Martin Luther came along and started Protestantism Compared to Giotto’s last judgement, Michelangelo’s is much darker Still has the standard last judgement format St. Bartholomew Was skinned alive (holding a knife and his own skin) Actually, the skin he is holding doesn’t match his appearance It’s a gruesome self portrait of Michelangelo – how he felt after crisis of faith – deflated –depression Image of Charon and River Styx Ferryman to the afterlife (have to pay the ferryman) o Artist: Raphael Died @37 from illness Polite, professional Delegated well Got a ton of commissions
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