New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Lecture 1 Notes: Road to the Confederacy

by: Deja Jackson

Lecture 1 Notes: Road to the Confederacy Hist 171

Marketplace > University of Pennsylvania > History > Hist 171 > Lecture 1 Notes Road to the Confederacy
Deja Jackson
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for The American South 1861-Present

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive The American South 1861-Present notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

January 20, 2016
The American South 1861-Present
Steven Hahn
Class Notes
history, South, civil war, slavery




Popular in The American South 1861-Present

Popular in History

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Deja Jackson on Sunday February 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 171 at University of Pennsylvania taught by Steven Hahn in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see The American South 1861-Present in History at University of Pennsylvania.


Reviews for Lecture 1 Notes: Road to the Confederacy


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/07/16
Road to Confederacy Lecture 1/20 Slavery in Colonial America ­ even in east coast Ohio River, Mason­Dixon line… important barrier for slave v. anti slave states; line is  extremely blurry however; slavery was abolished gradually.  How Slavery Affects the Country as a whole 1. Slavery makes it possible for people who own slaves to grow marketable  surpluses that are in great demand in the international economy (Market Crops of the South) a. Cotton***: American is major supplier of cotton internationally…. industrial b. Revolution dominated by textile industry; no competition for the  south, sugar cane, rice, tobacco c. By the time of the Civil War, slave owners are richest people in the  country; cotton accounts for 60% of all American exports in 1860; this is  how US became a major economic power. 2. Slavery makes it possible for non­slave owners to find a niche for themselves  where they won’t be exploited…. small landowners. = There is no major white  working class in the south; they end up owning small pieces of land. Alliance  between becomes property owners (who own slaves) and small property owners  (non slave owners). 3. Allows big slave owners to dominate the politics within the region because of  wealth and because state legislatures apportion by number of slaves. More  representation for big slave owners. a. Enables white Southerners to have the most representation in the nation  government. i. Federal Ratio, Article 1, Section 2: representatives and direct  taxes shall be apportioned [according to the whole number of free  persons in each state and] three­fifths of all other Persons. ii. Result: right up to the time of the Civil War, the South has  disproportionate power in the United States iii. Dominated presidents; 8 of first 15 presidents owned slaves iv. Dominated Congress: South controlled Democratic Party and  Democrats mostly had a majority in Congress; Supreme Court  membership until the Civil War was a majority of Southerners Imperial Expansion of US was led by slave­holding presidents with the hope that slavery  would follow:  Louisiana Purchase  Acquisition of Florida  Annexation of Texas  Acquisition of whole South West  Inclusion of Oregon Country  *Annexation of Cuba *Contradiction:  1790’s ­ Haitian Revolution: first successful slave rebellion; Haiti was hella rich, sugar­ producer  Causes concern for slave owners: o Gain lots of Constitutional Power o Fugitive Slave Cause: No person held to service or labor in one state,  escaping into another, shall be delivered back to that state in which their  service and labor are due o Slave Trade Clause: gave States 20 more years to allow migration and  importation of slaves o Conflict between state and federal power 60% of slaves are in Deep South, not upper south  1870s: general commitment to keeping the Union together Fire eaters: young slave and plantation owners


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.