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History 202 - Week 4

by: John Hopkins

History 202 - Week 4 History 202

John Hopkins
GPA 3.061

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About this Document

Covers lectures during week 4.
American History (1877 to the Present)
Simon Bolto
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by John Hopkins on Sunday February 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 202 at Ball State University taught by Simon Bolto in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see American History (1877 to the Present) in Global Studies at Ball State University.


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Date Created: 02/07/16
History 202 Lecture Notes ***These notes are not to be used in place of your own, you are still responsible to take your own notes. These notes that I am providing are to aid your own notes and help you study in this course.*** Lecture #7 – 2/2/16 These following lectures introduced industrial capitalism, immigration, and the concept of the melting pot. - As there are in every moment of history, several tensions were rising through the country. The Gilded age brought these tensions in combination from passed events, while also bringing in new opportunities. - The Gilded Age o Economic growth came with great turmoil. o This event doubled the American Economy. o Establishes the beginning of the US being the greatest economic force in the world.  Caused by industrialism. - Industrial Revolution o This put the US in direct competition with Europe. o More workers moved to industry rather than agriculture. o The amount of wages increases. o Cities from all over the country begin to increase in population.  This causes several issues. o The growth of industrialization is due to westward expansion.  Mostly because of the railroads.  This lead to the discovery of resources. - Modernization and inventions o New technologies were on the rise.  Phones, the lightbulb, cars, music.  New industries began to prosper. - There was a dramatic change in demographics in this period. o European citizens began to immigrate. - Class of Industrialists. o This was the wealthy class. o New patterns for business were formed.  Vertical integration. o Eventually this lead to the elimination of competition in markets. - Monopolies of business. o Laissez-fair politics  Hands off approach for the government toward business. o As the monopolies grew in power, they began to gain control over politics for the country. o “Protect the property of men and the honor of the women.” This is what the government should concern itself with in the eyes of the industrialists.  Government shouldn’t interfere with their economics.  A more limited government. - Societal hierarchy and opportunities freeze and disappear in the eyes of the average American citizen due to these monopolies and industrialization. o Creating a permanent underclass.  People with no hope of ever getting out of poverty. - Andrew Carnegie o Wrote “Wealth”  Evolution and separation of classes was natural. - Social Darwinism o Intersects with the rise of Jim Crow laws. o Intersects with anti-immigrant movements. Lecture #8 – 2/4/16 - The division of wealth in America started bringing up issues of non-Americanism. - Liberty at this point was being free from most governmental control. o The government should not impede on personal affairs. - Working class has shifted from self-employment to employee contracts. - Several Problems arose from this: o No regulation of working. o No regulation of age limits. (child labor) o No compensation for injury or death. o No consistent laws governing the length of a workday. o Contracts were very unreliable. - Great Rail Road Strike of 1877. o West Virginia B/O railroad cut wages in half three times for their employees.  Workers refused to let trains run until the wages were set back.  This spread north to all other railways.  This act showed the workers how little their lives mattered.  State governments sent out military to stop the strikes.  Politicians sign into law that strikes where a criminal act. - Knights of Labor. o Grows immensely after the strikes. o They gave a series of commands to help labor workers.  Make a standard 8 hour work day.  End convict labor.  Introduce a progressive income tax.  The more you make, the more taxes you pay. - Haymarket Riot – 1886 o People marched in protest for an 8 hour work day.  Chicago Riot  Police killed a protestor during their march.  A gathering in the Haymarket square allowed police to conduct crowd control.  Someone in the crowd threw a bomb killing police officers. (The person was never known) o This gave the police a reason to seize and execute the members of the protest. o Strikes didn’t stop after this incident.  The Homestead and Pullman strikes are examples of following protests. - The Haymarket Riot crippled the Knights of Labor. o Negative talk of them being radicals spread. o People started to distance themselves from the organization.  However, there were organizations rising that could replace the Knights of Labor.


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