HONR 199, Week 4, Feb 5th notes
HONR 199, Week 4, Feb 5th notes HONR 199
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Anne Notetaker on Sunday February 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HONR 199 at Ball State University taught by E. Bruce Geelhoed in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Inquiries in Contemporary American Civilization in OTHER at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 02/07/16
The Brothers HONR 199-3 Taken on February 5 th National Security Council (NSC) Vice Secretary of Secretary of Secretary of Director of Chairman – President State J.F. Defense C.E. Treasury Central Joint Chiefs Nixon Dulles Wilson Intelligence – of Staff – A. Smith Radsord Outline of the days lecture: 1. Dulles Family 2. Eisenhower, Allen Dulles – World War 2, Espionage 3. Ike’s Biggest Mistake 1. John Foster Dulles wants to become American Secretary of State He graduated from Princeton He is introverted and has difficulty forming serious relationships Allen Dulles Extroverted, adventurous American Foreign Service (1915-1917 in Bern, Switzerland) – this was his first experience in intelligence and espionage (he was a spy) 2. Allen Dulles in now leading the Office of Strategic Services – sends people with the military to spy on other countries Ike (President Eisenhower) uses German coding recognition – he wants to use deception and trickery as an instrument of military operations (to save the lives of his men) When D day happens, the Germans are convinced that the Americans will attack in a different place (the location where Napoleon would have attacked with his navy) On page 319 in the book, Ike’s Spies, Ike says in Normandy, “we really fooled them.” 3. Ike’s Biggest Mistake Ike was elected president in 1952 The National Security Council was passed by congress Ike’s mistake was not appointing John McCloy to be his Secretary of State o John McCloy was from Philadelphia and was a well-respected lawyer o He was Secretary of State twice and was very loyal to the current presidents Ike’s political advisors wanted him to choose Dulles because he never had a high profile position and has a political family, so Ike chooses Dulles Ike then sends Water B. Smith (the Director of the CIA; he was chief of staff during World War 2) to the State Department to watch John Foster Dulles This creates a vacancy at the CIA, which Allen Dulles then fills Now, two brothers occupy powerful positions – this poses a problem because the brothers will be loyal to themselves rather than being loyal to Ike (we speculate that McCloy would have been loyal to Ike, as he was to Truman) o Also, the brothers went to Princeton while Ike went to West Point – this may have led the brothers into thinking that they were smarter than Ike
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