POLS 2312-001 Lecture Notes - Chapter Three [Full]
POLS 2312-001 Lecture Notes - Chapter Three [Full] POLS 2312-001
Popular in State and Local Government
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Department
verified elite notetaker
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by M.G on Monday February 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 2312-001 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Kimberly Harper in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 44 views.
Reviews for POLS 2312-001 Lecture Notes - Chapter Three [Full]
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/08/16
Chapter Three Lecture Notes Local ● Local government impacts life in ways most people take for granted ○ Trash ■ Some cities pickup unlimited bags twice a week, while others give the house one trash bin that must have the lid closed in order to be picked up once a week. ○ Water ■ Flint, MI water crisis ○ Parks ○ Restaurants ■ Safety checks ● Grassroots ○ Grassroots activity is a local endeavor ■ Ted Cruz and visiting all counties in Iowa ○ Grassroots activity is outside lobbying Municipal ● 1200 municipalities in the state ● Dylan’s Rule ○ Local power is from the states ● Generallaw cities ○ Small towns ○ Restricted ○ “Cookie cutter governments” due to sameness per the state constitution ○ Example Apartments ■ Restricted ■ Same floor plans ● Homerule cities ○ Larger towns [5000+] ○ More flexibility ○ Establishes own charter, rules ○ Example Houses ■ More flexible ■ Larger ■ Diverse ○ CouncilManager ● Ordinances ○ A local law ■ Texting and driving ■ “Handsfree” ■ Noise levels ■ Dogs ■ Smoking ● Zoning ○ Purpose is to keep certain businesses and residential areas away from each other. ■ Liquor ■ Factories ■ Strip clubs ○ Revenue vs. Morals ● Recall ○ Only in homerule cities ○ Happened in Arlington ● Initiative ○ Initiation of legislation ○ Citizendriven legislation ● Referendum ○ Repeals existing ordinance ● AtLarge Elections ○ Mayor voted in through a citywide, atlarge election ○ 3 atlarge council members (6,7,8 in Arlington) ○ Everyone in city votes for that position ● Singlemember districts ○ One member per district solely committed to knowing their constituency ○ More minority representation. ● Four Government Forms ○ Strong/weak mayor ■ More strength/less strength ○ Council/manager ■ Homerule city associated ■ City manager manages the city the way one would manage a business ■ Manager appointed by city council ■ Council/manager started in TX in San Antonio ○ Commission type ■ TX hasn’t had this form since the 1900 Galveston Hurricane ■ Used in rare instances, usually natural disasters. ● Elections ○ City elections are nonpartisan ■ No label with the name (D/R) ■ Less exciting ■ People engage in weird selection practices due to this. ○ Straight ticket voting ■ Selecting to vote for every single democrat or republican on the ballot ● Census ○ Redistricting ■ TX has ~27 million legal residents ■ All of W. TX is one district (Except El Paso) ■ Districts are drawn in really odd shapes due to gerrymandering ● Gerrymandering drawing lines to include or exclude minorities to influence voting. ■ Done every ten years to map out where everyone is in order to have districts with an equal population. ● Term Limits ○ Most cities do not have term limits ○ TX legislative branch does not have term limits ○ No term limits at the state level ● Services ○ Fire Departments ○ Police Departments ○ Sewers ○ Roads ○ Parks ● Low Tax, Low Services ○ Cities also have low taxes, which mean that services are low and lower quality ○ Most of a city’s revenue is obtained through property taxes ■ Property taxes can be looked at (for Tarrant County) on tad.org ○ Fees vs. Taxes ■ Fees evoke less emotion ■ Since it’s harder to raise taxes, ○ Bottom line of all government is finances ● Political Conflict ○ Scarce resources ○ Differing opinions ● Economic Development ○ Taxreinvestment zones ■ Tax breaks are given to companies like General Motors because they bring in revenue and stimulate the economy. Counties ● 254 counties ● More counties than any other state ● Each county structured the exact same way ● Extension of the state that runs official business ○ Voter registration ○ Marriage ○ Vehicle registration ○ Budget ○ County road ○ Tax breaks ○ Health programs ○ Welfare programs ● County Officials ○ County judges ○ County sheriff ○ County clerk ○ County tax assessor ○ Appraiser ○ County treasurer ● Taxes ○ Property taxes are main revenue for counties ● Everything boils down to finances. ● Colonias ○ Along the American side of the border ○ Most impoverished area of the country ○ Cities not willing to annex them in ○ Around 500k Texans living with no utilities Special Districts ● 3000+ special districts ● Special districts have a specific function for a group in a specific area. ● Educational ○ Independent school districts ■ Funding ● Federal (10% of funding) ● State (40% of funding) ● Local (50% of funding) ● Most of the funding comes from property taxes ○ Southlake ISD vs. Keller ISD ● Robin Hood Plan ○ Takes money from wealthy ISDs and puts the money in less wealthy ISDs ○ Has been around since 1993 ○ Community colleges ● Noneducational ○ Fire districts ○ Water districts ○ Some areas rely on volunteer fire departments ○ Mass transit ■ Dart, etc. ○ Anything noneducational transcending county/city lines Metro ● Approximately 8590% (88%) of Texans today live in a metropolitan area. ○ DFW metro ○ Austin metro ○ San Antonio metro ○ Houston metro ● Cogs ○ Councils of Government ○ Voluntary ○ Texas is split into roughly 24 COG areas for regional planning ■ Helps ensure that transportation, health services, etc are distributed evenly. ● Annexation ○ Cities will not annex the colonias because they do not want to provide services ○ Annexation is the way cities can incorporate new areas.
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'