world history week 3 notes
world history week 3 notes HIST - 11050 - 001
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katelyn Rinella on Monday February 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST - 11050 - 001 at Kent State University taught by Matthew J. Crawford (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see WORLD HISTORY: ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL in History at Kent State University.
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Date Created: 02/08/16
World history Week 3 Notes The rise of urban societies: Interpretations and evidence The transition to agriculture review: Agriculture- the purposeful cultivation and selective breeding of plants (came after ice age) Pastoralism- selective breeding of animals Agriculture: pre-conditions End of last ice age (~12,000 YA) Settlement (~20,000 YA) - Settlement allowed more people in “tribes”/ private property - Settlement also allowed food storage technologies (crucial) - Shift in ethos (use to share in hunter/gather society. Now an ethos of ownership) Key characteristics of agricultural societies Surplus production- makes it possible for some people to do other things (metals, science) Settlement Larger population Technological development increases- (farming tools, pottery, textiles) Deterioration of health- less healthy than hunter gather populations (animals= flu) Experience more change- (more vulnerable to ecological disasters) Rise of social/gender hierarches Part 2: the rise of urban societies Cities Self-centered/ denser populations Individuality Disaster relief (floods) Irrigation Written language/ money/ communication (who paid what) Variety Collection of taxes (stability) Law codes City guards/ armies/ elite – taught writing Organized religion/ priests Mesopotamia- Euphrates (erratic) (scared of gods) Egypt- Nile (predictable) (easier to farm) (irrigation= simpler) (gods are seen as more helpful) Village Face to face, knew everyone More nomadic Not as much diversity Oral culture Trust spoken word over written word World history Week 3 notes B Evaluating the urban revolution: look at the evidence Part 1: primary & secondary sources Primary- comes directly from source Secondary- comes from someone who wasn’t there (may have someone else interpretation) Part 2:
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