History of Rock Week 2 Notes
History of Rock Week 2 Notes MUCO 120
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Adrienne Nave on Monday February 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUCO 120 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Sean K McCollough in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 128 views. For similar materials see History of Rock in Art at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.
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Date Created: 02/08/16
History of Rock- Week 2 Roots of Rock Continued - The Fiddle Tradition- the fiddle was the kind of original instrument in American Music o African American Slaves were taught to play the fiddle for the plantation owner along with the banjo which was already an African American instrument o Blackface Minstrel Shows- white musicians, mainly from the north, painted faces black, and acted the stereotypes of African American slaves and cultures. Possible white musicians admiring African American cultures but not likely “De Boatman’s Dance” Minstrel Character “Jim Crow” o Stephen Foster Considered first great American pop writer Wrote some minstrel songs but also pop music o String Bands Humor developed Early country music Developed from Minstrel shows, but still incorporated Minstrel Songs Fiddle Based Music o The “Big Bang” of Country Music Record companies would send out representatives to search out country bands. Ralph Piers went to Bristol, TN and put an add in a furniture shop for recording sessions to find new talent. The Bristol Sessions The Carter Family and Jimmy Rogers were discovered o Jimmy Rogers “The Father of Country Music” White Man from Mississippi singing the blues “Waiting for a Train” o Hank Williams First Country Music Star “Move it on Over” *Birth of Rock in Roll between 1949-1954 o The Sheet Music Industry Sentimental Ballads “After the ball” Sold Mainly to Middle to Upper Class Women learning to play the piano o Tin Pan Alley Pop Publishers of Tin Pan Island controlled what pop music was Sold to Broadway and Early Music “Over the Rainbow” - Professional Songwriters and the Birth of the “Crooner” o Irving Berlin o Bing Crosby “All American music is African-American Music.” –Steve Young - Blues elements have been extremely influential in American Music - African-American Musical Elements o Polyrhythmic influence from Africa Congo Square, New Orleans Slaves were aloud to come together and play drums and sing their songs on Sunday One of the reasons New Orleans became such an important city as far as American Music goes because it was the only place where African Music could be played o Aspects of African-American Music Rattle and Buzz Improvisation*** Call and Response Polyrhythms Rhythmic Syncopation: when the off beat is emphasized Swing Feel Blue Notes Blues Scales: has elements of the major scale but has modified note progression o European chord progressions began to mix with African-American music o Work Songs Songs with inner meanings to communicate with other slaves o Spirituals “Sheep Sheep, Don’t you Know the Road” Songs developed in African-American churches The Blues - Country Blues o Played on acoustic instruments especially the guitar o Robert Johnson “The King of the Delta Blues” Never played on the radio “Crossroad Blues” Played 12-bar Blues o Black String Bands Early country mixed with jazz, blues and pop elements The Tennessee Chocolate Drops “State Street Rag” o Carl Martin Played the Mandolin “Grave Digger Blues” AAB format- popular format in blues music The Birth of Jazz - Strongly influenced by the blues - Louis Armstrong o Arguably First great jazz musician The Classic Blues - Bessie Smith- “The Empress of the Blues” from Chattanooga - WC Handy- “The Father of the Blues - “St. Louis Blues” The Electric Guitar - Early electric guitars were hollow and eventually were made from a whole body of wood - Rickenbacker and Gibson were the first big manufacturers
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