Buddhism week 4
Buddhism week 4 THEO-368
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marjolijn on Monday February 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to THEO-368 at Xavier University taught by Karen Enriquez in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see Buddhism in Religious Studies at Xavier University.
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Date Created: 02/08/16
Buddhism week 4 February 2 & 4 Desire: Strong addiction to life + pleasant experiences —> Clinging to pleasant Need “to be” and experience life’s offerings. 2 kinds of desire: Chanda: -Long term improvement Tanhá: -Instant gratiﬁcation -Wanting more - becomes excessive or wrongly directed A man asked Lord Buddha “I want happiness”. Lord Buddha said ﬁrst remove “I” that’s ego. Then remove “want” that’s desire. See now you are left with only “Happiness”. The cause of suffering: “thirst”/craving (Tanhá) “It is this thirst (craving) which produces re-existence and re-becoming, bound up with passionate greed. It ﬁnds fresh delight now here and now there, namely, thirst for sense pleasures; thirst for existence and becoming; and thirst for non-existence.” - Thirst for becoming - clinging / attachment - Thirst for non-becoming - revulsion / aversion —> destroy the unpleasant Why - 3 poisons / unwholesome roots / root of evil 1. attachment (greed) 2. aversion (hatred / ill-will) 3. ignorance (delusion) Ignorance Ignorance of the 3 marks: suffering, (a-vidya) impermanence, no-self. Thirst / Cravings and Karma other emotions (kleshas) “thirst has as its center the false idea of self arising out of ignorance” - Rahula, What the Buddha Thought “thirst”, desire, greed, craving, manifesting in various ways, that gives rise to all forms of suffering and continuity of beings. e.g. JK Roweling, moves on and just loves writing, doesn’t try to top Harry Potter. Pure mind: - ruled by the opposite of impure mind —> generosity, loving kindness / empathy, wisdom Impure mind: - ruled by 3 poisons 3 aspects to karma 1. results 2. moral rule 3. motivation ★ Misconceptions: - retribution —> get what is coming to them. What comes around goes around. - instant karma - determinism / fatalism - don’t confuse it with “moral justice” or “reward & punishment” - It is not the result (phala) of karma (action) as many people wrongly & loosely use it. - Not simply fatalism / predeterminism What is it: karma as… - natural law of cause and effect, of action and reaction - volitional action - every volitional action produces its effect of results, and the fruits of karma are not simply ones external circumstances but more importantly one’s internal state. - This karmic imprinting is usually subconscious - The effects of karma are felt over a period of time but also at the moment of action wolf analogy - choose to see the good. in the moment we can feel karma. mood/body affected. World = mirror for internal landscape. —> interpret the world through ourselves, how we interpret the reality. How an experience can change your views. —————————————————————————————————————————— The Wheel of life (Bhavacakra) bird: attachment snake: aversion pig: ignorance 3 good/higher 3 bad/ lower realms stuff outside of the circle: moon —> nirvana root = blindness —> we are unaware Better to be reborn in the human realm than in the realm of the gods, because as a human you can ﬁnd the middle way. Only as humans we can escape this cycle. Nirvana - the third noble truth - all human experience is ablaze with desire - nirv: to blow out or extinguish 3rd noble truth When the causes of suffering are cut, the process of suffering stops to reveal a clear inﬁnite, open dimension beyond conditions of suffering. - liberation from attachment / disturbing emotions - quenching of thirst/craving one does not “go to” nirvana; it os not a place, not heaven, nor is it nothingness. It is a psychological and ethical reality. peace, deep spiritual joy, compassion, awareness Indeed, the stage who’s fully quenched Rest at ease in every way. No sense desire adheres to him Who’s ﬁres have cooled, deprived of fuel All attachments have been severed The heart’s been led from pain Tranquil, he rests with utmost peace The mind had found its way to peace. Cooling the Fires The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) and stress-related hormones “ﬁre up” to help you pursue opportunities and avoid threats. While there’s certainly. 3 trainings wisdom: - Right understanding - Right view - Right thought / intention ★ ethical disciple: - Right action - Right speech - Right livelihood meditative concentration - Right mindfulness - Right effort - Right concentration
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