Intro Forensic Anthropology Week 2
Intro Forensic Anthropology Week 2 Anth 310
Edinboro University of Pennsylvania
Popular in Intro to Forensic Anthropology
Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Danielle Johnson on Monday February 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Anth 310 at Edinboro University of Pennsylvania taught by Dr. Barbian in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 76 views. For similar materials see Intro to Forensic Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Edinboro University of Pennsylvania.
Reviews for Intro Forensic Anthropology Week 2
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/08/16
Forensic Anthropology Week 2 2/1/2016 Ethics ● Way to interact with the world ○ cultural attitudes towards the dead should impact the conduct of practitioners dealing with the dead Indigenous Remains ● Which agency to call? ○ State Historic Preservation Officer (SHPO) ■ officers that deal with historic and indigenous remains ● any remains more than 100 years ○ Coroner/Medical Examiner ● anything less than 100 years is forensic interests ● Social and political concerns paramount ● Indigenous beliefs ○ ancestors are important still ■ they still have ties to you that they’re still important ■ they still need respect and still have rights Personal Ethics ● Practice and Meaning ○ Scientific ○ Political ■ organized relief agency ● Crimes Against Humanity (The International Tribunal) ○ wants execution ■ Military Branch of US Government ● wants political propaganda purposes to continue/ begin to be in an area for control ● Standards of Work ● Rights of families ● Death Penalty ● Personal Safety ● Questions of Justice Personal Identification in Forensic Anthropology Personal Identity ● Biological Attributes ○ Sex ○ Height ○ Skin Color ○ Age Forensic Anthropology Week 2 2/1/2016 ● Cultural Factors ○ Gender ○ Selfidentified Race ○ Religion Identification of the Dead ● Body is not released to the families until the medical examiner identifies the body ● Perform funerary rites ● “Closure” ○ culturally important ● Legal and financial reason ■ if a large disaster occurs a death certificate can be signed by the medical examiner allowing for the following to be resolved ○ Inheritance ○ Insurance ○ Contractual obligations ● Prosecution of the guilty Corpus Delicti ● Most basic biological evidence of a crime ● Establish relationship between victim and criminal ● Criminal courts require heavy burden of proof ○ previously a body was always need to convict someone and is one of the most important parts of the prosecution cases ○ cannot victimize someone without leaving some kind of evidence behind Personal Identification ● When body has not been altered ○ Facial form ■ General build and stature ■ Eye color ■ Hair color and style ● misidentification has occurred, because of these nonscientific methods ● When body is burned, decomposed, fragmented or disfigured ○ scientific determination ■ Biological profile ■ Unique life history markers ■ Idiosyncratic anatomical variation ○ Nonbiological contextual evidence may be use as well Antemortem Information > comparison < Postmortem Information ↓ Identification Unique biological information is the key! Forensic Anthropology Week 2 2/1/2016 Antemortembefore death (fingerprints, medical records, dental records, DNA, social records) hard to get because you have to know who the individual is ● the physical features and identification ids given by the anthropologists give info that narrows down so the antemortem info can be searched through ● If body is dumped in another jurisdiction very unlikely to be id’d Postmortem after death Personal Identification ● Begins with population data ○ demographic profile places into one of several groups ● Then collect personal data to identify the missing person Positive Identification ● Most rigorous scientific standard ● Approaching 100% certainty ○ Goal in forensic cases ○ Applied when a single descendant of unknown identity ● Evidence ○ Fingerprints ○ Nuclear DNA ■ is really expensive ■ backlog Presumptive Identification ● Logically associate remains with a specific individual ● Investigators assign probative value to evidence ○ Based on assumptions and context ● Circumstantial evidence at the scene ○ Personal effects and documents Example: Small Plane Crash ● Three passengers: adult male, adult female, and child ● Assumptions: ○ passengers manifest is accurate ○ Trust demographic data
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'