2444 History of Sports in Western Society
2444 History of Sports in Western Society 2444
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Holly Melton on Monday February 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2444 at East Carolina University taught by in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see History of Sports in Western History in History at East Carolina University.
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Date Created: 02/08/16
Sports Americans have played Horseracingbiggest American sport, but barely registers today Football and Basketball are more dominant now Cricket and soccer are popular in different countries that America NativeAmerican Sports Native Americans/Indians played sports such as lacrosse, wrestling, soccer, running, cudgeling (stick fighting), hoop and pole Native games were played for hunting and warfare skills Also connected to sacred rituals like warding off spirits, or insure victory with a battle with another tribe Lacrosse was a growing sport in North East and Middle Atlantic states today English Sports (Colonist) Instead colonist brought sports from their culture Most colonist called themselves Englishmen English sporting culture Cockfighting, Horseracing, Animal Baiting, Hunting and Fishing, Cricket, Cudgeling, Cricket, Soccer, and Rounder’s (early antecedent of Baseball) English sports were popular through colonial and early national periods These sports didn’t impact the colonist, they resisted these sports New England Way vs. Puritans enjoyed sports like Soccer, Hunting and Fishing, Cudgeling and Sward fighting, Running, and Wrestling Founded Massachusetts bay colony in 1960 Their ideas about leisure were influenced by their attitudes towards work After the fall of Eden they believed all human kind were tainted with sin Puritans believed God saved a group of Elect and If you follow the commandments you will be saved They also believe that working was a calling, selfdiscipline, and laboring hard work was a religious obligation Daily routine was infused with godly significant = labor pleased god Work ethic lead new Englanders to take limited view of play for the next 4 centuries Play was allowed only for men who work and was okay unless it interfered with work Rough sports were prohibited Virginia Ethic Virginia sports became a passion in Jamestown because it allowed a lot of outside play mostly due to young unattached males with plenty of time to play Economy revolved around tobacco produced areas for work and play Display of leisure was a way to identify themselves as members of a distinct ruling class Only planters can afford horses for horseracing horseracing was used to displace wealth with trainers and jockeys (slaves) One famous test race was in 1823, Sr. Henry raced against Norths Eclipse on $25,000 with an estimated 50,000 viewers Black chattel slavery made it easy for white Virginias to play If enslaved blacks had to work then play was prof of freedom and ones elevated social status labor was a burden of blackness and leisure was considered privileged of whiteness sports were segregated by sex, race, class, and religion th women were not allowed to play until late 19 century but to an extent 16 19 sports was a way to establish membership and masculinity Male Bachelor Subculture Blood sportssports that caused human or animal bloodshed Served in Virginia through 1719 centuries of a form of social control Blood sports included bare knuckle boxing, and gouging (won by injuring or gouging out an opponent’s eyes with sharp hard nails), no holds barred, cock fighting, dog fighting, gandering (men on horseback rode past a duck tied to a tree and attempted to rip its head off as they went past), ratting (pit was filled with lived rats and bets were placed on how much a dog normally a terrier can kill in a certain amount of time), animal batting (live bear or bull was tied to a post in a middle of an arena by a neck or leg and a pack of dogs normally Pitbull was released into the arena and bets were placed on which would last longer along with the amount of time the match lasted) Victorians Victorians were middle class, protestant, social reformers or later day puritans Victorians did not like blood sports because the wild sports disturbed the peace, threatened public safety and flouted good taste Victorians insisted that blood sports wasted time and money from worshiping god and working New York banned blood sports in 1828 along with Massachusetts in 1924 and 18 more states in 1866
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