Week 3 &4
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ART 100 - 03
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexis Conley on Monday February 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ART 100 - 03 at Colorado State University taught by Michael Fenton in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Art Appreciation in Art at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 02/08/16
Art 100 Week 3 Early Greek Art “Stylistic Conventions lasting over 3,000 years” 1. Canon of Proportions a. The Classical Ideal – proportions of buildings, pottery, and sculptures 2. Greek Pottery a. Combination of ceramic, paintings and sculptures i. Used the potter’s wheel ii. Each type of pot is used for a specific function b. Materials: i. Terracotta – “fired earth/clay” ii. Slip – clay that is watered down & then painted with it (Clay on Clay) iii. Maeander Patterns – geometric patterns that are curvy and repeat around the pot iv. Silhouettes – solid shape that doesn’t have any eternal detail v. Horror vacui – to fill up all empty spaces vi. Black Figure Ware – a ceramic technique that produces pottery with primarily black surface. Black ware has both matte & glossy patterns on the surface of the wares vii. Red Figure Ware – a technique of ancient Greek ceramic th th painting in the 6 & 5 centuries BCE. Characterized by red-clay-colored figures reserved on a black background c. Technique: i. Incising – a technique in which a design or inscription is cut into a hard surface with a sharp instrument ii. Depth – the Greeks struggled with it iii. Foreshortening – objects twisted, one arm may look bigger than the other iv. Skiagraphia – “light writing” light and dark and shading 3. Greek Sculpture/ Painting i. Kuros vs. Kore (male vs. female) 1. Grave markers or stand-alone works of art shown in your 20’s no matter how old you die ii. Archaic Smile 600 – 480 BCE iii. Contrapposto – body is bent appendages, shifted weight one side of body can relax while rest does the heavy lifting iv. Ratios – certain width and length like the Egyptian grid system v. Symmetria – asymmetrical form that is balanced vi. Dynamic Balance vii. Naked – “man is the pinnacle of creation” viii. Female was looked at to be less pure compared to male b. Composition: i. Encaustic – was pigment painted on the sculpture c. Material: i. Bronze 1. Technique: a. Lost-wax casting – replacing wax sandwiched between two clay models and then wax is melted out 4. Greek Architecture: Temples Pg. 104 a. Plan View i. Cella Design – closed interior space 1. Cult Statue – goes in the center part of the temple 2. Chryselephantine – gold, ivory, & crystal. The highest tier of building materials ii. Peristyle Design – row of columns that go around the cella b. Elevation – front view i. Platform – basic structure & stairs leading up to the temple ii. Column – 3 styles of Greek Architecture 1. Doric – circled top, wider towards the bottom, slight bend towards the capital 2. Ionic – volute, scroll like features, vertical throughout the column, Continuous Frieze a. Caryatids – columns carved as human sculptures, representational sculpture 3. Corinthian – leave like artwork at the capital 4. Entasis – bulges in the column, bigger part in the middle iii. Entablature – lintel part of the structure 1. Frieze – thin band of decoration 2. Metopes – doric building, has entablatures & broken up into “square sculpture” a. Triglif b. Metopa iv. Pediment – triangular rooftop, key decoration 1. Sculpture fit the triangle shape to maximize space 5. Greek Theatre a. Designed for implication
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