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HY 104 Week 2 Notes

by: Emily Paige Montgomery

HY 104 Week 2 Notes HY 104

Emily Paige Montgomery
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

These notes cover "Reconstruction."
American Civ Since 1865
Dr. Kari Frederickson
Class Notes
history, HY 104, UA, university of alabama, 4.0 student, detailed notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily Paige Montgomery on Monday February 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY 104 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Kari Frederickson in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 44 views. For similar materials see American Civ Since 1865 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Date Created: 02/08/16
HY 104 1/20/16 Reconstruction: The Second Civil War I. Ruins of Wartime II. Problems to be addressed III. Key questions: How revolutionary? What were the competing forces and what did they  want? ­ The Reconstruction was a twelve­year experiment. Was it successful? Be able to argue  from both sides. IV. Presidential Reconstruction: Johnson vs. Congressional Republicans A. Andrew Johnson’s Plan 1) May 29, 1865: Proclamation of Amnesty and Pardon ­ He pardons black men ­ Nothing under his plan protects or assigns rights to the freedmen ­ Seems to be somewhat of a failure ­ Freed people have no rights ­ Disorderly chaotic mess 2) Black Codes ­ A collection of bills ­ Mississippi had the most heinous   ­ A series of legislation that comes as close to slavery as it could without actually  being slavery, since it is not legal now ­ “Vagrant” not a productive member of a society ­ Vagrant is redefined to mean: someone who cannot prove they are working for a  white employer ­ If you are arrested as a vagrant­ most cities were poor so they would arrest  vagrants and given a fine (which they could not afford), then post their lease in the  paper and you can lease the prisoner for ___ amount of money ­ Apprentice laws tried to separate families. If I am an African­American woman  and I cannot prove that I work for a white man, then my children can be taken  away from me until I could pay for them back ­ African­Americans could not carry a gun or a knife without a specific permit by a  judge ­ Public whipping was used for things such as robbery      Andrew Johnson  Andrew Johnson was a democrat  Succeeded Lincoln after his assassination  Lincoln was a republican  Raised in poverty  From Tennessee  Was previously a slaveholder  He hated “Planters” (owned 20 or more slaves)  Hated the confederacy   Hated the thought of strong federal power more than he hated the confederacy  He did not believe in the right to vote for free men  He feared the vote of the blacks because he thought that the blacks would vote with their  past owners; he thought they would be a vote block V. Reconstructing the Southern Economy: White Control vs. Black Independence A. Land Confiscation/Resettlement ­ Who is going to work for whom? ­ Sherman confiscates land and gives it to the slaves (40 acres) and other people who  followed ­ Sherman believed that freedmen deserved land ­ African­Americans are playing a waiting game to see what is going to happen… ­ It does not play out in the favor of African­Americans ­ The land is restored back to the white people ­ How do you reconcile “who gets the land conflict?” Does the slave, who has worked this land for his whole life and his children have been born there, or do you give the  land to the man who has a deed and a mortgage and technically owns that land? ­ Sweat ethic or deed ­ Sharecropping: people who had land and no money and people who had no land, but  labor. The landowners would pay the laborer about ¾ of the profit. Head of the  household decides who works (if the kids and wife work). There is a slim possibility  that the laborer could earn enough money to buy his own land­ but the landowner  won’t show the laborer the “book.” B. Freedmen’s Bureau  It was the responsibility of the Freeman’s Bureau to make sure newly freemen were getting the necessary things for life.  The army created the Freedmen’s Bureau.  Was originally supposed to last a year.   Lasts about five years.  Underfunded and understaffed  Generals of the army oversee the people staffing.  Set up the first public school in the South­ biggest accomplishment  Helps freedmen get clothes and any other thing they need (to survive). 1) Creating a workable labor system a. Wage system ­ How are people going to get paid when everyone is poor? b. Sharecropping 2) Other Bureau Activities: schools, social services


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