HY 104 Week 4 Notes
HY 104 Week 4 Notes HY 104
Popular in American Civ Since 1865
Popular in History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily Paige Montgomery on Monday February 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY 104 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Kari Frederickson in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see American Civ Since 1865 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 02/08/16
HY 104 2/1/2016 Living in Industrial America I. Living Conditions Crowded Dirty Loud The poor would take in hoarders The landlords were packing many people into small houses II. Health Conditions The mortality rate of infants was 25% died before they were a toddler No indoor plumbing Sewage ran through the streets Living so closely in a small house with other people was not healthy Southern life expectancy was not high Women had a lower life expectancy due to childbirth Living so close to people creates stress; everyone is always hungry There is no privacy Drinking was not uncommon Domestic violence was also not uncommon Children went to work at a very young age Most kids did not get any kid of schooling There were no child labor laws’ III. Benefits of City Life It was more fun Your chances of getting married and living well, as a woman, was higher in the city than in the country There is a lot of culture in the city Wider range of goods (if you can afford them) IV. Working in Industrial America A. Long hours, low pay Over time does not exist Most people work 80+ hours a week There was no minimum wage, the employer paid whatever he wanted to The wages go down because the work needed declines due to the introduction of machines The introduction of machines decreases the value of a person B. Speed and efficiency People worked fast and hard Companies wanted to produce goods faster, so they brought in more machines C. Dangerous Working in factories made of wood Working with dangerous machines No workers protection No workman’s comp You could try to sue your employer but you are poor D. Chronic insecurity Always a fear that you will be laid off Fear of unskilled people who will not be needed because a machine took their job E. The specter of a permanent working class Growing working class who are not independent There is no hope for these people; they do not have a stake in the country Anxiety among middle and upper class they are afraid the working class will turn against them Began watching the “Triangle Fire” film Most deadly workplace situation Before 9/11 March 25, 1911 Deadliest industrial fire 1. Who worked at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory? Young women (in their teens) Young girls (as young as 10) Children of immigrants 2. Describe working conditions at Triangle. High ceilings Modern technologies People really wanted to work their 14hour workday $2 a day (before deductions) NO breaks 3. Max Blanck and Isaac Harris owned triangle. What challenges did they face in trying to make a profit in the women’s garment industry? The triangle sells slowed Material costs rose Fashion companies were beginning to sell nicer dresses Fashion companies turned their noses up at shirtwaists 4. Why did Harris and Blanck oppose unions? Diminish authority in the workplace 5. Why was the Washington Street exit locked? So women could not leave work without being checked to make sure they were not leaving with materials 6. Why did Triangle workers go on strike? How were they treated on the picket line? When the strike was over, what had workers won? What did they not win? The women wanted higher wages, better working conditions, and shorter hours. Blanck and Harris hired prostitutes and pimps to cause fights with the workingwomen in the street and they hired investigators and police officers. They were taken into custody and taken to court and the women were fined but the women went back day after day. Higher wages, and shorter hours were offered but they would not be granted union only shops – the women refused The lacked true power to improve the conditions on the working floor – there would be no union 7. The historians and other commentators talk about the Triangle situation as a conflict over rights. What rights did the owners claim? What rights were the workers seeking? 8. Why was the Triangle fire so deadly? Why did so many men and women die? A dropped cigarette caused the fire on the eighth floor. No body alerted the sewing machine operators on the ninth floor of the fire. The everyday exit was already covered in smoke. The fire escape collapsed. Women jumped and fell into the elevator shaft The firefighter’s ladders only reached to the 6 floor 9. Were Blanck and Harris punished for the deaths of 146 workers? They were brought up on charges of Man Slaughter They were acquitted They knew the exit was locked at the time of the fire Death facts: 53 jumped to their death 19 fell in the elevator shaft 20 fell when the fire escape collapsed 50 burned to death on the factory floor 1 jumper survived, but later died in the hospital 20 were men Over half of the women were teenagers The fire’s youngest victim was fourteen years old Over thirty laws were passed after the fire Industrialization in the South I. Railroads: Consequences A. Urbanization B. Access to consumer goods C. Segregation II. Characteristics of southern industrialization III. Southern industries and workers A. Source of labor B. Cole mining: Defining characteristics