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Paths Beyond Ego Section 2

by: Ivey Johnson

Paths Beyond Ego Section 2 47877

Marketplace > University of South Carolina > Psychlogy > 47877 > Paths Beyond Ego Section 2
Ivey Johnson

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This set of notes comes from Paths Beyond Ego Section 2 "Meditation: Royal Road to the Transpersonal" These are my key takeaway points from the reading, often quoted directly from the text and i...
Psychology of Religion
Dr. Elon Goldstein
Class Notes
transcendence, Meditation, yoga, enlightment, Walsh, Vaughan, Kornfield
25 ?




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ivey Johnson on Monday February 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 47877 at University of South Carolina taught by Dr. Elon Goldstein in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Religion in Psychlogy at University of South Carolina.


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Date Created: 02/08/16
The Transpersonal Vision Paths Beyond Ego Section 2 Meditation: Royal Road to the Transpersonal I. Transcendence o What is it? (page 47 -48)  It is designed to catalyze transpersonal development/ realize transpersonal potential. o Based upon “two fundamental assumptions about the nature and potentials of the mind:”  The typical state of mind that we are in is not at its highest quality.  Even a clouded mind can be cleared and trained to realize its transpersonal potentials. o Elements that complete transcendence: 1. Ethical training/Contemplative introspection (page 48-49)  Why is it necessary? o Unethical behavior = comes from and produces destructive mental factors ; Ethical behavior = positive mental factors and yields Kohlberg’s the highest stage of moral development 2. Attentional Training/Concentration (page 49)  Why is it necessary? o Knowing how to direct attention = control and cultivation of emotions and motives 3. Emotional Transformation (page 49 -50)  Why is it necessary? o A combination of ethical behavior and attentional stability result in emotional transformation. o The three components to emotional transformation:  Reduction of inappropriate and destructive behavior. Ex: fear, anger, greed  Cultivation of positive emotions. Ex: happiness, love, compassion  Cultivation of equanimity  What is equanimity? o “An emotional imperturbability” meaning to be emotionally unbothered. o Why is this necessary?  Allows love and compassion to remain unconditional and unbothered in times of stress. 4. Redirection of motivation (Away from the self- centered or egocentric) (page 50)  Why is this necessary? o As motivation becomes less scattered, desires become less self-centered and more self-transcendent. 5. Creation of Higher Motives (page 50-51)  Moving the mind from deficiency-based (insufficient, incomplete) needs/desires to higher motives  Why is this necessary? o Refines mind from insensitive and broken awareness and perception to having a more sensitive perception and awareness, more accurate, and an appreciation for the freshness of each moment. This can effect how we respond to stimuli in the world.  How does this work? o Through a process called introspective specialization, perception is changed. Ex: meditators noticed “ external + internal perception became more sensitive, colors seemed brighter, and inner world seemed more available. 6. Wisdom (page 51-52) o What is it?  Knowledge is what we have, wisdom is what we become. “Recognizes that the sense of being marooned in a no-exit situation of limits and suffering (existentialism) can be transcendence through transforming the self that seems to suffer” when a person has this sort of liberation, transcendence is realized. o How does this work?  Requires self-transformation by opening “defenselessly” to the realities of the world II. Meditation  What is it? (page 52-53) a. A family of practices that train attention in order to bring mental processes under greater voluntary control and to cultivate specific mental qualities such as awareness, insight, concentration, equanimity, and love.  What is the goal? a. Aims for development of optimal states of consciousness and psychological well-being.  2 concentrations of meditation: a. Concentration meditations attempt to focus attention unwaveringly on a single object b.Awareness practices is a choice-less, nonjudgmental manner to whatever experiences arise III. YOGA (page 53)  A family practices of practices with the same goal of meditation, but includes ethics, lifestyle, body posture, breathing, and intellectual study. IV. THE SEVEN FACTORS OF ENLIGHTMENT by Kornfield (page 56- 57)  Mindfulness – central to the seven qualities; when cultivated it becomes develops the other and brings them in to balance.  Energy – the effort to stay conscious or aware  Investigation – looking very deeply at experience, exploring our own processes  Rapture – joy and interest in the mind  Concentration – ability to focus the mind in a powerful way  Tranquility – inner kind of silence, silent investigation rather than a thought-filled one  Equanimity – calm balance in relation to the changing circumstance of experience  Energy, Investigation, Rapture/Interest Must be balanced with Concentration, Tranquility, Equanimity


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