New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here


by: Megan Spees

Week3NotesBIO.pdf BIO 165-02

Megan Spees
GPA 3.54

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Here are the notes for Week 3, sorry they're a little late. Chapter summaries will be coming at some point! Both for Chapters 4 and 5 as well as chapter 6.
Introduction to Cell Biology
Dr. Kim Baker
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Introduction to Cell Biology

Popular in Biology

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Megan Spees on Monday February 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BIO 165-02 at University of Indianapolis taught by Dr. Kim Baker in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 104 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Cell Biology in Biology at University of Indianapolis.


Reviews for Week3NotesBIO.pdf


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/08/16
2 February 2016 Week 3 Notes Macromolecules - Lipids • Function - Long Term Energy Storage Structure • - Fats - Phospholipids - Steroids - Lipids consist mainly of hydrocarbons - NONPOLAR COVALENT BONDS - Synthesis of a fat - Dehydration reactions - Lipids not considered polymers - Constructed from glycerol and fatty acids - Triacylglyceride - 3 fatty acid chains joined to glycerol - Saturated and Unsaturated fats and fatty acids Saturated Unsaturated No double bonds 1 or more double bonds Solid at RT Liquid at RT Animal Fats Plant and Fish Fats - Olestra - Fake or artificial fat - Sucrose w/ 8 fatty acid tails 1 2 February 2016 - Phospholipid Structure - 1) Glycerol - 2) 2 Fatty Acid - 3) Phosphate group, have a charge - Amphipathic - Part hydrophilic - Part hydrophobic - When added to water form bilayer - Major component of cell membrane - Proteins - Function - Structure - Amino acids - 1, 2, 3, and quaternary - Structural proteins - Provide structure at the cellular level (Curly vs. Straight hair) - Storage proteins - Store other macromolecules - Contractile proteins - Movement - Transport proteins - Blood - Amino Acids - Amino group - Acids—> Carboxyl group 2 2 February 2016 - 20 different amino acids (like the alphabet forms words, 20 amino acids form proteins) - Chemical composition and properties - Vary by amino acid - Amino Acid Polymers - Peptide—> form when amino acids link together - Protein Conformation and Function - Levels of Protein Structure - Primary: linear sequence of amino acids - Influences protein folding - 3D Shape - Secondary - Intrachain hydrogen bonding - Path that the polypeptide backbone follows - Spider Silk contains beta pleated sheets - Tertiary - Interactions between r groups - Overall 3D structure 3 February 2016 - Quaternary Structure - All proteins have primary, secondary and tertiary - Some quaternary - More than one polypeptide chain - Hemoglobin—> deliver oxygen used for cellular respiration - 2 a-globin 2 b-globin—> different - A change in primary sequence can affect protein 3 2 February 2016 - Sickle Cell Disease - Change in primary sequence potentially changing shape of protein - Shape and Function: not behave in normal manner - Normal GLU is changed in sickle cell disease - Change in amino acid due to DNA mutation - Change in information molecule - Nucleotides can be changed - Mutations are random - What else could affect protein shape conformation? - Denaturation - Nucleic Acids - Function—> INFO - Structure - Nucleotides - DNA - RNA - Flow of Genetic Info - Central Dogma - DNA—> RNA—> Proteins - Nucleotides - 3 Basic Components - Phosphate, pentose sugar, nitrogenous bases—> nitrogen containing base - Nucleotide—> monomers - Sugar in Nucleic Acids - Ribose 4 2 February 2016 - 2 Deoxyribose - Nitrogenous Bases - Can differ - Purine- 2 ring - Adenine and Guanine - Pyrimidine- 1 ring - Cytosine and Thymine, Uracil (RNA) - Nucleotide Polymers - 5’ end - phosphate - 3’ end- hydroxyl - DNA double helix - Bases in each of the 2 polynucleotide chains are bonded together by hydrogen bonds - Complementary base pairs - A-T (2 hydrogen bonds) - C-G ( 3 hydrogen bonds) - DNA: Antiparallel Strands - One strains oriented in 5’ to 3’ direction - Other strand oriented in 3’ to 5’ direction 5


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.