ARH Week 3 Notes
ARH Week 3 Notes ARH 252
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caroline Crews on Monday February 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 252 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Anna Dietz in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Art History in Art at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 02/08/16
WEEK 3 NOTES Figure 2-5, Warka Vase Dedicated to Inanna Relief, carvings all the way around First narrative in sculpture, pictorial convention Divided into registers o Registers: horizontal bands that divide the story Read bottom to top Bottom layer o Plants and farming o Animals composite and profile view marching on common ground line Middle layer o Men represented in the nude in composite view marching on common ground line, carrying baskets (votive) offerings Top layer o Man giving offering either to priestess or Inanna herself o Common ground line, composite view Gives information about the religious practices of this time Figure 2-6 Range in height 1-2 ft. Mostly of men Not considered to be a priest, considered to be votive statues o Placed in temple to constantly pray to the gods Found remnants of goblets and breakers o Figures represent people giving libations as an offering to the gods Eyes are exaggerated o Meant to be eternally on duty to pray Representation of the fashion of the time o Men: Long skirt with fringe and belted at the waist Long hair o Women: Long dresses, one-shoulder exposing a breast Hair pulled back tightly Royal Cemetery at Ur, Sumerian burial c.a. 2600-2400 BCE Discovered by Leonard Woolley Not fortified They found: o Bones of deceased o Bones of sacrifices o Burial goods Sparked the theory that the upper class had big burial ceremonies Thought it was a burial ground for kings and queens Figure 2-1, 2-8, Standard of Ur Trapezoidal box Made of wood and inlaid with precious stones Tells a story in 2-D o Read left to right, bottom to top o Register, ground line Conceptual approach to representation Hierarchy of scale: the size scale relates to importance of the figure War-Side and Peace-Side o War side: Chariots in bottom Soldiers in costume marching Slaves and captives Learn about military practices o Peace side: Processional march to sit on furniture Sacrifice of animals Detail, bull harp o Very similar to object found by Woolley o Tells us that they had music at there ceremonies Figure 2-11, Cylinder Seal from Pu-abi’s tomb, c.a. 2600-2400 BCE Material: lapis Showed status o Could be worn Uses o Mark territory o Identify possessions Had hierarchy of scale Visual literacy Figure 2-12, Head of Akkadians ruler, c.a. 2250-2200 BCE Very static story Lots of patterning Damage was done to it after the fall of Akkadians Figure 2-13, Victory stele of Naran-Sin, c.a. 2254-2218 BCE Stele: stone slab that has been carved to celebrate something To celebrate divine king o Biggest figure o Wearing horned helmet, usually reserved for the representation for the god o Texts reference him as a god Composite view Register format was abandonment Babylon Figure 2-18, Stele with laws of Hammurabi, c.a. 1800 BCE Significant military leader Inlaid lower portion 3,500 lines of 300 laws Top details o With sun god o Hierarchy of scale Man is larger than the god o The god is handing Hammurabi tools so that he can better run the government Assyrian Figure 2-20a, reconstruction of Assyrian citadel Various courtyards to hold ceremonies in Ziggurat Surrounded by fortified wall Guarded by Lamassu (figure 2-20) o Monumental in scale o Medium: limestone Interiors of citadels were very lavish o Sculpted reliefs lined power part of the wall that were brightly painted o Was propaganda, to show the kings power o Figure 2-22 Scene of a well-known victory o Figure 2-23 Scene of a king hunting a lion Chapter 3: Egypt under the Pharaohs Ancient Egypt Annual floods Nile played huge part in shaping the culture Used hieroglyphics o Rosetta Stone Pre-dynastic o Was divided into Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt Think opposite because of River Figure 3-2, Palette of King Narmer, c.a. 3000-2920 BCE Unification of Upper and Lower Egypt This piece commemorates the unification It is a historical document, because it is labeled Provides a blueprint of the culture Figure 3-4 and 3-5, Imhotep, c.a. 2630-2611 BCE Stepped pyramids Imhotep was the first known architect o Designed an entire complex to preserve the body spiritually 20 feet tall These pyramids are aligned with the compass Chapel, storage, galleries, underground network of tunnel Fortified Figure 3-7 Pyramids of Giza, c.a. 2551-2471 BCE Old Kingdom o Started with 4 Dynasty 3 Pharaohs buried here Funerary complex, took 75 years to complete Khufu, Khafre, Menkaure o The 3 pharaohs who were being celebrated Serves the needs of the Ka Figure 3-8, Khufu’s Pyramid Very large o 175 feet in length Limestone Casing stones o Where the limestones were, now eroded Ashlar masonry Figure 3-9, Model of Giza Huge facilities Chapel on the east side, led to the valley temple o Sun rises on the east => closer to the god, Re Shape of the pyramids o Related to the burden stone o Pharaoh goes up after their death Figure 3-10, Great Sphinx, c.a. 2520-2494 BCE Erosion has been super bad Maybe a representation of Khafre o Body of lion, head of the man o Guardian figure 250 feet length, 65 feet in height Figure 3-11, Khafre sculpture, c.a. 2520-2494 BCE Enthroned Material: diorite o Imported, signaling the wealth of Pharaoh o Rigid stone, hard to carve Come from valley temple form the pyramid of Khafre Purpose: o Substitute place for Ka (spirit) if something happened to the body Sculpture in the round and a relief Strong, rigid permanent, idealized Not about his mortal life, it is about his godly presence Figure 3-12, Menkaure with one of his wives, from Giza, c.a. 2490-2472 BCE Found in valley temple connected to his pyramid Standing rigidly, no flexibility Is left as part of the stone The exact same style is still being used 2,000 years later Figure 3-14, 2450-2350 BCE, hippo hunt Relief that has been painted Hierarchy of scale o Ti is the biggest, rigid, static Composite view The stereotypical Egyptian figure that kept the same o Founded guidelines o Cannon of proportions Figure 3-19, Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut, c.a. 1473-1458 BCE Female pharaoh o Very successful 20 year reign Temple set into cliffs Axial arrangement o Splits into 2 symmetrical halves Number of statues of her Would have been an oasis Figure 3-21, Statue of Hatshepsut Red granite 8 ½ feet in height there is no indignation that she is a female pharaoh in this statue o Presented the same way as a male o Idealized All of her images we destroyed by son’s order Figure 3-22 and 3-23, Mortuary temple of Rames II, c.a. 1290- 1224 BCE Iconic, huge Decorated o Reliefs, painted hieroglyphs Figure 3-24 Temple of Amen-Ra 18 Dynasty Took a very long time Guarded gates, restricted sections Figure 3-26, Model of Hypostyle Hall Lot of columns holding a roof In the Temple of Amen-Ra Post and lintel Columns in the center are larger o Raising the roof o Lets the light come in Column are decorated o Image, hieroglyphs o Communicated information Weight barring columns
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