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ARH Week 3 Notes

by: Caroline Crews

ARH Week 3 Notes ARH 252

Caroline Crews

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About this Document

These notes are from the 3rd full week of class. We have a test on Tuesday.
Art History
Anna Dietz
Class Notes
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caroline Crews on Monday February 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 252 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Anna Dietz in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Art History in Art at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Date Created: 02/08/16
WEEK 3 NOTES Figure 2-5, Warka Vase  Dedicated to Inanna  Relief, carvings all the way around  First narrative in sculpture, pictorial convention  Divided into registers o Registers: horizontal bands that divide the story  Read bottom to top  Bottom layer o Plants and farming o Animals composite and profile view marching on common ground line  Middle layer o Men represented in the nude in composite view marching on common ground line, carrying baskets (votive) offerings  Top layer o Man giving offering either to priestess or Inanna herself o Common ground line, composite view  Gives information about the religious practices of this time Figure 2-6  Range in height 1-2 ft.  Mostly of men  Not considered to be a priest, considered to be votive statues o Placed in temple to constantly pray to the gods  Found remnants of goblets and breakers o Figures represent people giving libations as an offering to the gods  Eyes are exaggerated o Meant to be eternally on duty to pray  Representation of the fashion of the time o Men:  Long skirt with fringe and belted at the waist  Long hair o Women:  Long dresses, one-shoulder exposing a breast  Hair pulled back tightly Royal Cemetery at Ur, Sumerian burial c.a. 2600-2400 BCE  Discovered by Leonard Woolley  Not fortified  They found: o Bones of deceased o Bones of sacrifices o Burial goods  Sparked the theory that the upper class had big burial ceremonies  Thought it was a burial ground for kings and queens Figure 2-1, 2-8, Standard of Ur  Trapezoidal box  Made of wood and inlaid with precious stones  Tells a story in 2-D o Read left to right, bottom to top o Register, ground line  Conceptual approach to representation  Hierarchy of scale: the size scale relates to importance of the figure  War-Side and Peace-Side o War side:  Chariots in bottom  Soldiers in costume marching  Slaves and captives  Learn about military practices o Peace side:  Processional march to sit on furniture  Sacrifice of animals  Detail, bull harp o Very similar to object found by Woolley o Tells us that they had music at there ceremonies Figure 2-11, Cylinder Seal from Pu-abi’s tomb, c.a. 2600-2400 BCE  Material: lapis  Showed status o Could be worn  Uses o Mark territory o Identify possessions  Had hierarchy of scale  Visual literacy Figure 2-12, Head of Akkadians ruler, c.a. 2250-2200 BCE  Very static story  Lots of patterning  Damage was done to it after the fall of Akkadians Figure 2-13, Victory stele of Naran-Sin, c.a. 2254-2218 BCE  Stele: stone slab that has been carved to celebrate something  To celebrate divine king o Biggest figure o Wearing horned helmet, usually reserved for the representation for the god o Texts reference him as a god  Composite view  Register format was abandonment Babylon Figure 2-18, Stele with laws of Hammurabi, c.a. 1800 BCE  Significant military leader  Inlaid lower portion 3,500 lines of 300 laws  Top details o With sun god o Hierarchy of scale  Man is larger than the god o The god is handing Hammurabi tools so that he can better run the government Assyrian Figure 2-20a, reconstruction of Assyrian citadel  Various courtyards to hold ceremonies in  Ziggurat  Surrounded by fortified wall  Guarded by Lamassu (figure 2-20) o Monumental in scale o Medium: limestone  Interiors of citadels were very lavish o Sculpted reliefs lined power part of the wall that were brightly painted o Was propaganda, to show the kings power o Figure 2-22  Scene of a well-known victory o Figure 2-23  Scene of a king hunting a lion Chapter 3: Egypt under the Pharaohs Ancient Egypt  Annual floods  Nile played huge part in shaping the culture  Used hieroglyphics o Rosetta Stone  Pre-dynastic o Was divided into Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt  Think opposite because of River Figure 3-2, Palette of King Narmer, c.a. 3000-2920 BCE  Unification of Upper and Lower Egypt  This piece commemorates the unification  It is a historical document, because it is labeled  Provides a blueprint of the culture Figure 3-4 and 3-5, Imhotep, c.a. 2630-2611 BCE  Stepped pyramids  Imhotep was the first known architect o Designed an entire complex to preserve the body spiritually  20 feet tall  These pyramids are aligned with the compass  Chapel, storage, galleries, underground network of tunnel  Fortified Figure 3-7 Pyramids of Giza, c.a. 2551-2471 BCE  Old Kingdom o Started with 4 Dynasty  3 Pharaohs buried here  Funerary complex, took 75 years to complete  Khufu, Khafre, Menkaure o The 3 pharaohs who were being celebrated  Serves the needs of the Ka Figure 3-8, Khufu’s Pyramid  Very large o 175 feet in length  Limestone  Casing stones o Where the limestones were, now eroded  Ashlar masonry Figure 3-9, Model of Giza  Huge facilities  Chapel on the east side, led to the valley temple o Sun rises on the east => closer to the god, Re  Shape of the pyramids o Related to the burden stone o Pharaoh goes up after their death Figure 3-10, Great Sphinx, c.a. 2520-2494 BCE  Erosion has been super bad  Maybe a representation of Khafre o Body of lion, head of the man o Guardian figure  250 feet length, 65 feet in height Figure 3-11, Khafre sculpture, c.a. 2520-2494 BCE  Enthroned  Material: diorite o Imported, signaling the wealth of Pharaoh o Rigid stone, hard to carve  Come from valley temple form the pyramid of Khafre  Purpose: o Substitute place for Ka (spirit) if something happened to the body  Sculpture in the round and a relief  Strong, rigid permanent, idealized  Not about his mortal life, it is about his godly presence Figure 3-12, Menkaure with one of his wives, from Giza, c.a. 2490-2472 BCE  Found in valley temple connected to his pyramid  Standing rigidly, no flexibility  Is left as part of the stone  The exact same style is still being used 2,000 years later Figure 3-14, 2450-2350 BCE, hippo hunt  Relief that has been painted  Hierarchy of scale o Ti is the biggest, rigid, static  Composite view  The stereotypical Egyptian figure that kept the same o Founded guidelines o Cannon of proportions Figure 3-19, Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut, c.a. 1473-1458 BCE  Female pharaoh o Very successful 20 year reign  Temple set into cliffs  Axial arrangement o Splits into 2 symmetrical halves  Number of statues of her  Would have been an oasis Figure 3-21, Statue of Hatshepsut  Red granite  8 ½ feet in height  there is no indignation that she is a female pharaoh in this statue o Presented the same way as a male o Idealized  All of her images we destroyed by son’s order Figure 3-22 and 3-23, Mortuary temple of Rames II, c.a. 1290- 1224 BCE  Iconic, huge  Decorated o Reliefs, painted hieroglyphs Figure 3-24 Temple of Amen-Ra  18 Dynasty  Took a very long time  Guarded gates, restricted sections Figure 3-26, Model of Hypostyle Hall  Lot of columns holding a roof  In the Temple of Amen-Ra  Post and lintel  Columns in the center are larger o Raising the roof o Lets the light come in  Column are decorated o Image, hieroglyphs o Communicated information  Weight barring columns


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