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MUS 121 Chapter 3 Notes

by: Alannah Culbert

MUS 121 Chapter 3 Notes MUS 121

Alannah Culbert
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About this Document

These notes cover chapter 3
Intro to Listening
Dr. Crofut
Class Notes
Intro to Listening




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alannah Culbert on Monday February 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUS 121 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Crofut in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Intro to Listening in Music at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Date Created: 02/08/16
MUS 121 Intro to Listening 2/8/16 Chapter 3 Voices and Vocal Ensemble  Choir: A vocal ensemble generally in the SATB (Soprano Alto Tenor Bass) format.  Pitch Range of Voices in order from highest to lowest: Soprano, Mezzo Soprano, Alto, Tenor, Baritone, Bass Stringed Instruments  Wooden instruments that require the plucking or bowing of a string. Sound is created by string vibration. Pitch is adjusted by changing the length of the vibrating string.  Plucked (non-bowed) instrument include: Guitar and Harp  The technique of plucking a string with the finger is called “Pizzicato.” All stringed instruments can create pizzicato  Bowed instruments include (from highest range to lowest) o Violin, Viola, Cello, and Double Bass Woodwind Instruments  Wood or Metallic instruments that require air blown through a tube-like body. Pitch is adjusted by covering or uncovering finger holes, which changes the length of the tube.  Reed Instruments: Clarinet, Bass clarinet, Saxophone  Double Reed Instrument: Oboe, English Horn, Bassoon, Contrabassoon  Metallic Mouthpiece: Piccolo, Flute Brass Instruments  Require air blown through a tube-like body.  Brass players vibrate their lips within a brass mouthpiece that vibrates the instrument. Pitch is created by adjusting valves, which change the length of the tube. Percussion Instruments  A vast variety of instruments made of wood, metal, plastic, and skin. Some percussion instruments produce definite pitch, others do not. Xylophone, Marimba, and chimes.  Indefinite-pitch instruments include: Bass drum, Tambourine, Triangle, Cymbals, Gong, Bongos, and Congress Keyboard Instruments  Wooden/Metal instruments that create sound by activating a keyed hammer.  Piano: Keyboard instruments in which a hammer strikes a string within the body.  Organ: Keyboard instrument in which a hammer activated a wind bellows to blow through a metal tube. Instrumental Ensembles  Symphony Orchestra: Largest Ensemble possible, can include all instrumental families.  Conductor: Individual responsible for leading the orchestra in rehearsal, translates audio sound and meter into physical gestures.  Chamber Orchestra: Small group of instruments that it does not require a conductor to coordinate forces.  Wind Ensemble: A type of orchestra composed entirely of woodwind and brass (airblown instruments)


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