MUS 121 Chapter 3 Notes
MUS 121 Chapter 3 Notes MUS 121
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alannah Culbert on Monday February 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUS 121 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Crofut in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Intro to Listening in Music at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 02/08/16
MUS 121 Intro to Listening 2/8/16 Chapter 3 Voices and Vocal Ensemble Choir: A vocal ensemble generally in the SATB (Soprano Alto Tenor Bass) format. Pitch Range of Voices in order from highest to lowest: Soprano, Mezzo Soprano, Alto, Tenor, Baritone, Bass Stringed Instruments Wooden instruments that require the plucking or bowing of a string. Sound is created by string vibration. Pitch is adjusted by changing the length of the vibrating string. Plucked (non-bowed) instrument include: Guitar and Harp The technique of plucking a string with the finger is called “Pizzicato.” All stringed instruments can create pizzicato Bowed instruments include (from highest range to lowest) o Violin, Viola, Cello, and Double Bass Woodwind Instruments Wood or Metallic instruments that require air blown through a tube-like body. Pitch is adjusted by covering or uncovering finger holes, which changes the length of the tube. Reed Instruments: Clarinet, Bass clarinet, Saxophone Double Reed Instrument: Oboe, English Horn, Bassoon, Contrabassoon Metallic Mouthpiece: Piccolo, Flute Brass Instruments Require air blown through a tube-like body. Brass players vibrate their lips within a brass mouthpiece that vibrates the instrument. Pitch is created by adjusting valves, which change the length of the tube. Percussion Instruments A vast variety of instruments made of wood, metal, plastic, and skin. Some percussion instruments produce definite pitch, others do not. Xylophone, Marimba, and chimes. Indefinite-pitch instruments include: Bass drum, Tambourine, Triangle, Cymbals, Gong, Bongos, and Congress Keyboard Instruments Wooden/Metal instruments that create sound by activating a keyed hammer. Piano: Keyboard instruments in which a hammer strikes a string within the body. Organ: Keyboard instrument in which a hammer activated a wind bellows to blow through a metal tube. Instrumental Ensembles Symphony Orchestra: Largest Ensemble possible, can include all instrumental families. Conductor: Individual responsible for leading the orchestra in rehearsal, translates audio sound and meter into physical gestures. Chamber Orchestra: Small group of instruments that it does not require a conductor to coordinate forces. Wind Ensemble: A type of orchestra composed entirely of woodwind and brass (airblown instruments)
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