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CL 113 Lecture 5

by: Lauren Palermo

CL 113 Lecture 5 CL 113LEC

Lauren Palermo
GPA 4.0

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Lecture 5 Vestal Virgins etc.
Myth & Religion Anc World
Woodard, R D
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Monday February 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 66 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.


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Date Created: 02/08/16
Lecture five Romans that answer to the name Larentia:  Shepardess- Foster mom of Romulus and Remus  Larentia Story of Larentia  Hercules desired a lover so they sent him a prostitute named Larentia  After she pleasured him, he told her that as a reward, someone rich would propose to her when she left the temple and she will say yes and then when he dies she gets all his money  When she died, her wealth will be passed on to the Roman people rd  She answers to the 3 function which is goods production o Goods production is associated with sexuality/sensuality/marriage Other Gods Janus  Entry way/gate  God of beginnings  January named after him o Often depicted of having 2 faces o Entry and exit o Biform  Indo-Euro word Janus  Cognate ex:  Yanas- Sanskirt “the way as you go/follow  Ath- Old Irish “entry way of river”  Not like Jupiter, Mars, Quirinus o Not associated with ant one of the functions o 1 God to be invoked in a ritual o Gods of beginnings are transfunctional Agni  Sanskirt word for Fire  Fire God  1 god like Janus o Associated with all of society st o 1 God we pray to o Ambiguous because sometimes he’s the last god we pray to o Gods of Endings o Trifunctional/Transfunctional Vesta  Goddess  Invoked at end of rituals  Associated with flame/fire  Sacred Flame of Rome o Ensures security of Rome o Burns in Temple of Vesta o Located in the Roman Forum which is at the center of Roman life  Templum: rectangular structure, but this temple is circular o Unique, reflects Earth as a sphere  She has priestesses named Vestal Virgins/Vestals  Duty: keep flame burning at all times  Rome’s security depends on the blame burning  Fire’s enemy= water  Water in temple must be carefully contained Vestal Virgins  Come from finest families  Recruited at young ages 6-10  Term limit: 30 years  They make a sacred brine (salt solution)  They make a sacred meal with flour o Add brine solution to flour mixture o This is use every time an animal is sacrificed in Rome o Sprinkled on the animal Virgin Status  Must retain it o Prominent o Special significance  Seen as luminal state (between masculinity and feminity) o They are women biologically, but have more rights than regular women o They can testify and can decide who can buy their property  If they lose their virginity, the following occurs: o She is covered in a big cloth and carried through Rome with the priest and followers parading behind her o They make their way to Campus Sceleratus  Sinful place  Subterranean pit with portion of roof removed o They put her in the subterranean and cover the roof to leave her there to die alone o The man who took her virginity is executed Set of Divine Beings:  Lares  Penates  Vestal Virgins Consequences of the fire going out: 1. Carpel punishment; Virgin Vestals are whipped  Whipped by Pontifex Maximus- priest of Rome who supervises Virgin Vestals 2. Arbor felix  Collect wood from this tree to rekindle the flame  Vestals try to start the flame by using a fire drill Penates  Encased in the Temple of Vesta; also reside in households  They are guardians of Rome; protecting spirits  Not native to Rome; came from Troy o Aeneas- Troy hero that brought the Penates to Rome Lares  Protectors of Roman state and household o Take food to the fire in house and throw food in the protective space  Agrarian household; their worship spread from rural areas to Rome o Abundantly present in agrarian spaces o Every space has a set of Lares  In the country they are often worshipped at cross-roads o Accumulation of space= accumulation of Lares o Each space has Lares o Compitales FOUNDING DAY OF ROME: 753 B.C.  Chief deities of Rome were Jupiter, Mars, Quirinus  Structure in religion changed


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