CL 113 Lecture 5
CL 113 Lecture 5 CL 113LEC
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Monday February 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 66 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.
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Date Created: 02/08/16
Lecture five Romans that answer to the name Larentia: Shepardess- Foster mom of Romulus and Remus Larentia Story of Larentia Hercules desired a lover so they sent him a prostitute named Larentia After she pleasured him, he told her that as a reward, someone rich would propose to her when she left the temple and she will say yes and then when he dies she gets all his money When she died, her wealth will be passed on to the Roman people rd She answers to the 3 function which is goods production o Goods production is associated with sexuality/sensuality/marriage Other Gods Janus Entry way/gate God of beginnings January named after him o Often depicted of having 2 faces o Entry and exit o Biform Indo-Euro word Janus Cognate ex: Yanas- Sanskirt “the way as you go/follow Ath- Old Irish “entry way of river” Not like Jupiter, Mars, Quirinus o Not associated with ant one of the functions o 1 God to be invoked in a ritual o Gods of beginnings are transfunctional Agni Sanskirt word for Fire Fire God 1 god like Janus o Associated with all of society st o 1 God we pray to o Ambiguous because sometimes he’s the last god we pray to o Gods of Endings o Trifunctional/Transfunctional Vesta Goddess Invoked at end of rituals Associated with flame/fire Sacred Flame of Rome o Ensures security of Rome o Burns in Temple of Vesta o Located in the Roman Forum which is at the center of Roman life Templum: rectangular structure, but this temple is circular o Unique, reflects Earth as a sphere She has priestesses named Vestal Virgins/Vestals Duty: keep flame burning at all times Rome’s security depends on the blame burning Fire’s enemy= water Water in temple must be carefully contained Vestal Virgins Come from finest families Recruited at young ages 6-10 Term limit: 30 years They make a sacred brine (salt solution) They make a sacred meal with flour o Add brine solution to flour mixture o This is use every time an animal is sacrificed in Rome o Sprinkled on the animal Virgin Status Must retain it o Prominent o Special significance Seen as luminal state (between masculinity and feminity) o They are women biologically, but have more rights than regular women o They can testify and can decide who can buy their property If they lose their virginity, the following occurs: o She is covered in a big cloth and carried through Rome with the priest and followers parading behind her o They make their way to Campus Sceleratus Sinful place Subterranean pit with portion of roof removed o They put her in the subterranean and cover the roof to leave her there to die alone o The man who took her virginity is executed Set of Divine Beings: Lares Penates Vestal Virgins Consequences of the fire going out: 1. Carpel punishment; Virgin Vestals are whipped Whipped by Pontifex Maximus- priest of Rome who supervises Virgin Vestals 2. Arbor felix Collect wood from this tree to rekindle the flame Vestals try to start the flame by using a fire drill Penates Encased in the Temple of Vesta; also reside in households They are guardians of Rome; protecting spirits Not native to Rome; came from Troy o Aeneas- Troy hero that brought the Penates to Rome Lares Protectors of Roman state and household o Take food to the fire in house and throw food in the protective space Agrarian household; their worship spread from rural areas to Rome o Abundantly present in agrarian spaces o Every space has a set of Lares In the country they are often worshipped at cross-roads o Accumulation of space= accumulation of Lares o Each space has Lares o Compitales FOUNDING DAY OF ROME: 753 B.C. Chief deities of Rome were Jupiter, Mars, Quirinus Structure in religion changed
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