CL 113 Lecture 4
CL 113 Lecture 4 CL 113LEC
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Monday February 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 54 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.
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Date Created: 02/08/16
Lecture 4: Feb 3 rd Jupiter- sky god Contracted from Jove Pater (Jove the Father) Descended from PIE Sovereign deity o Political, legal privilege o King of all Gods- BUT he is NOT god of war Dyeus Phzter (PIE word for father) aka the Chief Deity o Jupiter is the descendent among Flamens Dialis/Rome o Zeus is the descendent among the Greeks (Zeus Pater) o Dyaus Pitar – India- Sanskirt Some of the restrictions of FD reflect the nature of the god Jupiter o Cannot remove inner tunic beneath the open sky in the view of Jupiter o He can take the hat off when he is under a shelter- not the sky o If the Flaminica Dialis should see bolt of lightening in the sky, she has to stop her priestly duties until the proper sacrifices are made o FD cannot see the army because Jupiter is not a god of war o A horse is an animal of war- reflects why FD cannot ride a horse etc. seen in lecture 3 Latin word for king- Rex Special relationship between Rex and FD Curule- chair that is a marker of great power; FD can sit here; only priest that can Mars- God of War Flamen Martialis The Ides of Eguus October- the October Horse Quirinus- God of the Roman Grain Crop Flamen Quirinalis Festivals that the FQ officiated: Summer Consualia, Robigalia, Larentalia, Quirinalia, Fornacalia Summer Consualia o Celebrates the God Consus on the 21 of st August; God of stored grain o Tertullian says that it is celebrated in the Circus Maximus; where chariot races were held; located in a valley between the Palatine Hill and the Aventine Hill o Sacrifices are held to the God Consus after spot is dug up o Vestal Virgins- took vows of chastity and tended the sacred flame Robigalia th o Spring time festival 25 of April o Celebrates deity Robigo/Robigus; deity of Wheat Rust (fungus) o It is celebrated every year to prevent the god from destroying the grain Larentalia rd o Winter festival December 23 o Pontifices assisted FQ officiating the festival o Located between Capitoline Hill and Palatine Hill o In honor of Acca (mommy) Larentia Quirinalia o Feb 17 th o Stultorum feriae- ritual that was conducted to celebrate; it means feast of fools Curiae- ancient Rome was divided into 30 of these Fornacalia Festival- must be celebrated by every curiae between the 5 day and 17 day of Feb Festival of the Goddess Fornax (also Latin word Oven) Celebration of ovens/ sometimes called Festival of the Roasting of the Grains There’s speculation that this is related to Quirinus o Co-virio- means the people together 3 Major Flamens Of Ancient Rome- Relflect the Tripartite Social Structure FD- Jupiter: sovereign aka priests FM- Mars: war aka warrior FQ- Quirinus: grain production aka goods production These three things drawn from the realm of Roman Religious structure
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