Tennessee History Lecture Notes Week 1 (January 21-26)
Tennessee History Lecture Notes Week 1 (January 21-26) Tennessee History 2030-007
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley Cetinel on Monday February 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Tennessee History 2030-007 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Jill C. Nelson in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Tennessee History in History at Middle Tennessee State University.
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Date Created: 02/08/16
Course Name: 2030 Tennessee History Professor: Jill C. Nelson Semester: Winter 2016 Date: 21 January 2016 Tennessee History Lecture Notes #1 (21 January 2016) The State of Tennessee The state of Tennessee has nine sub-regions, however, it is not required that you know these. The eastern portion of Tennessee contains the Appalachian regions. These regions extend up to north Pennsylvania and New York and they also cross through parts of Alabama, Mississippi and Georgia. Tennessee Mountain Ranges The eastern mountain ranges in Tennessee are known as the Unaka Mountains. These mountains extend 500 miles to the west and the east and they are over 6,000 feet above sea level. Additionally, they account for 2,500 square miles of land. Impressive! The state of Tennessee itself accounts for over 42,000 square miles of land. The Unaka Five: The Unaka Five refers to additional mountain ranges that are a part of Tennessee's eastern mountain ranges. These mountain ranges are: 1. The Great Smokey Mountains 2. The Appalachian Mountains 3. The Cumberland Mountain Ranges Side Note* There are other mountain ranges connected to the Unaka Five, however, for the purpose of focusing on the most important mountain ranges that have contributed to the formation of Tennessee as we know today, I will list only the three that may be the most relevant to you in this course. Where Did Indians Come From? Indians originated from Asia as well as Central and South American regions. They found their way to the Americas and eventually the Indians began developing a culture of their own based on the environments they lived in. For the purpose of this course, you will have to be familiar with the different cultures of these people as well as some of their most cherished and valuable traditions. There were two prominent periods in Indian history that drastically cultivated the culture of the Indians and dictated how they lived and what sorts of resources were available to them. These two periods are: Mississippian Period: The Mississippian period began around 1,000 A.D. to 1,200 A.D ( I was informed by Professor Nelson that it is not required to memorize these dates, but it might help you understand the content a little better if you do). During this period, a "Mississippian culture" was established. In a moment, I will discuss just how this Mississippian culture affected the Indians lived. Woodland Period: The next period of discussion is the Woodland Period which began in 1,000 B.C. During this period, Indians of the Mississippian period had carried many of the traditions and customs with them generation after generation and the Woodland and Mississippian periods melted together in a sort of melting pot. Traditions and Celebrations The Indians resided in a matrilineal society, or a society in which decisions were primarily made by the women in the tribes. While men were typically responsible for obtaining food, defending their tribes and lands, and providing the means for survival, it was the women who decided who became a tribe leader and how food was distributed among the people. In later years after the settlers arrived, the women would also serve as successful negotiators due to their peaceful countenance. Green Corn Ceremony: The "Green Corn Ceremony" is a ceremony that is celebrated in June and July. The ceremony symbolizes rebirth and it is one of the most important traditions celebrated among Indians of the past as well as Native Americans today. Fort Loudon (Loo-Don or Loud-Den) Fort Loudon, a fort established 30 miles south of Knoxville, TN, was developed as a trade and security center for Anglo-Europeans. The English did not want to risk losing their control over the Cherokee Indians to the French. However, in 1760, the Cherokee planned an attack on the fort and destroyed it. January 26, 2016 Lecture Notes Royal Proclamation of 1763: In 1763 on October 7, King George III presented the Royal Proclamation when Great Britain took control of French territory in North America. This occurred after the Seven Years War (the French and Indian War). This proclamation made it forbidden for settlers to develop settlements past the Appalachian Mountains. Why Did Settlers Want to Explore Further Into Tennessee? Desire to be with other family members who had moved to another settlement Desire for adventure and the desire to explore The desire to settle in lands closer to rivers and sources of water Seven Years War (French and Indian War) The French and Indian War, also known as the Seven Years War, commenced after the British attacked French-owned lands in the northern region of America. Great Britain took control of over 100 French merchant ships and as a result of this, many countries involved in the merchant trade business were negatively affected. During this time, the Chickasaw and the Cherokee Indians allied with the British, while the Choctaws allied with the French. Lochaber Treaty of 1770 The Lochaber Treaty of 1770 was issued so that the white settlers would only be able to settle in northeastern Tennessee. However, as treaties were often misinterpreted by the settlers at the time. the settlers continued to settle in the southern and western regions. The First Settlements in Tennessee 1. Watauga Settlement: located near Elizabethton, TN 2. North Holston Settlement: Close to Bristol, TN 3. Nolichucky River Settlement: near Erwin, TN 4. Carter's Valley Settlement: Between Rogersville, TN and Kingsport, TN Watauga Association Established in 1772 by frontier settlers near Watauga River The Watauga Association was a government that had a strong influence over how Tennessee was formed as a state in later years. Richard Henderson Henderson was a Virginian man who worked as a lawyer. Henderson had a sketchy background and thus he was unable to become a judge; additionally, Henderson wanted control over most of the land in Kentucky. Later he would develop a company known as the Transylvania Company, and Dragging Canoe, a member of a rebel group known as the Chickamaugas, protested against Henderon's desire to possess all of the land in Kentucky. Later on in 1776, however, the Cherokees would realize the true intentions of Henderson and the Cherokees would plan attacks on various settlement locations. After the Cherokee's attacks were retaliated by the settlers, the Cherokee eventually surrendered and a peace treaty was offered.
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