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Sociology 101

by: Abbey Strott

Sociology 101 SOCI 101

Abbey Strott
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About this Document

Describes background of sociology and what it means to society
Introduction to Sociology
Julie Knight
Class Notes




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Abbey Strott on Monday February 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 101 at Towson University taught by Julie Knight in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 69 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at Towson University.


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Date Created: 02/08/16
SOCIOLOGY 101 Week One Notes What is Sociology? à The systematic study of the ways in which people are affected by and affect the social structures and social processes that are associated with the groups, organizations, cultures, societies, and world in which they exist - How different groups interact and affect one another - Examples of interaction between society and individual: - Classroom - Police and people - Employer vs. employee - Arab Spring When did Socithogy start? 14 Century -- Abdel Rahman Ibn-Khaldun Social relationships between politics and economics 19 Century – August Comte (Father of Sociology) Developed field as science Sociology has evolved significantly since 19 century th Evolution of Sociology Since the 19 century: - Internet has changed society and interest for sociologists - Speed of communication, transportation - Accessibility to reach someone How do we study Sociology? - Observe new phenomena/ questioning on existing practice - Formulate research questions or hypothesis - Find a sample; collect data using a variety of methods - Edit existing or create new theory How are sociologists different than other professions? Applying and adapting theory from results of findings in research - Using data to edit/create a theory Sociological Imagination (Mills, 1959) Sociologists have a unique perspective on society that gives them a distinctive way of looking at data or reflecting on the world around them “Global Age” Increase fluidity of global flows and the structures that expedite and impede those flows aka ‘globalization’ - Compression of time and space - Relies on capitalist economies and consumption - Positive and negative attributes Began post-WW2 Accelerated post-Cold War McDonaldization of Society - Transferring principles used by McDonald’s food chain to parts of society throughout the world - Focuses on rational actions of society characterized by the most efficient and direct means to an end Ex: using a specific type of chair in every chain Four Characteristics of McDonaldization: Efficiency Quickest and least costly means to the mean desired Calculability Quantity over quality/ doing tasks under high pressure and time Predictability Products are nearly identical and experiences are high predictable truths Control Automation and standardization; mostly maintained through technology (non-human) Irrational problems created by McDonald’s: Health issues Cultural Changes Childhood obesity Roadside Litter Dehumanization of worker and customer Key Sociological Relationships: Private Troubles ~ Public Issues Micro Social Phenomena ~ Macro Social Phenomena Agency ~ Structure


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