Lecture 1/28/16- Cultural Differences
Lecture 1/28/16- Cultural Differences Comm 3620
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jocelyn Rossell on Monday February 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Comm 3620 at Ohio State University taught by Amy Nathanson in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 40 views. For similar materials see Intro to Interpersonal Communication in Communication Studies at Ohio State University.
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Date Created: 02/08/16
January 28, 2016 • Cultural differences: • Orientation: individualistic • Responsible for self and family • Winning and standing out are values • Competition • Collectivist • Responsible for entire group • Contributions to the group are valued • Similarity to group is values • Cooperation • Highcontext culture • Emphasis on information that is in the context or in the person • Personal relationships and oral agreements • Meaning is implicit and unstated • Collectivist cultures • Get to know each other before working together • Face saving behaviors • Low context culture • Emphasis is on information that is explicitly in the verbal message • Written contracts, formal agreements • Accuracy and clarity are expected • Individualistic cultures • Get to work without getting to know one another • Masculine culture • Men valued for strength masculinity • Women valued for being nurturing • Clear distinction between gender roles • Feminine culture • Values: modesty, relationships, quality of life • Similar values for men and women • Differences between genders are not so obvious • High Power Distance • Power is concentrated in just a few people • Big difference between high power people and ordinary people • Big difference between students and teachers • Reluctance of interaction between the two students don’t question teachers are all knowing authority • Low power distance culture • Power more evenly distributed • Direct confrontation by subordinates is tolerated • High ambiguity Tolerance Culture • Uncertainty is normal • Rules for conversation are less important • Creativity is accepted • Low ambiguity tolerance culture • Anxious when in ambiguous situation • Seek to minimize uncertainty • Clear rules for communication • Control Culture • Control cultures separate the natural and civilized worlds • Humans are superior to other living things • Nature is to be mastered Ex: building a damn to control floods, spray fields with pesticides • Constraint Culture • Resist change • Accept things as they are • Do not believe we can change nature Related to locus of control • Internal you make things happen (not so much luck) • External things happen to u • Action Orientations • “Doing culture” • Task driven • Like to be productive • Personal issues dealt with in spare time, not at the expense of work • “Being culture” • Stress personal relationships over activities • Job on hold to address family needs • Attitudes Toward Time • Mtime: “monochromic” • Things are done in sequence, appointments taken seriously • Speed is valued • Ptime “polychromic” • Schedules are rare, several tasks are done at once, meetings seldom start on time • Much frustration when members of Mtime and Ptime cultures work together • Regional and class differences • Communication style differ between east and west coasts • Speed, abruptness, eye contact, touch, space, pausing, warmth and opens, animation
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