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Carbohydrates, Metabolism and Reactions

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by: JessicaJ

Carbohydrates, Metabolism and Reactions BS 161

Marketplace > Michigan State University > BS 161 > Carbohydrates Metabolism and Reactions
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About this Document

These notes cover the lectures on 2/5/16 and 2/8/16 which were over carbs, metabolism and reactions.
Dr. Stolzfus
Class Notes
reactions, metabolism, Carbohydrates, Biology, chapter 3, ATP, ADP, oxidation, reduction, metabolic pathways




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by JessicaJ on Monday February 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BS 161 at Michigan State University taught by Dr. Stolzfus in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 39 views.


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Loved these! I'm a horrible notetaker so I'll be your #1 fan in this class

-Evelyn Kessler PhD


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Date Created: 02/08/16
Ch. 3 Carbohydrates  Energy Source  Form chains of simple sugars  Monosaccharides in Animals  Polysaccharides in Plants  Functional Groups o C=O C-OH  Vary by location of functional groups and number of carbon atoms  Polysaccharides o Links monosaccharides by using:  Condensation and Hydrolysis  Glyosidic Bonds  Glycogen vs. Starch o Both made of sugar (glucose) o Linked together by different # of branches o Glycogenanimals  Quickly breaks down o Starchplants  Slowly breaks down  Cellulose o Made of glucose o Linked by α & β bonds  α= spiral shape  β= long chains  In order to digest carbs o Hydrolysis must occur o Transporters in intestines move energy to blood o Burning or metabolism of glucose C 6 12+66O  62O + 6H 2 + Fr2e Energy o Glucose metabolism pathway captures the free energy released from oxidation of glucose by condensing ADP & P to iroduce ATP ADP + P +iFree Energy  ATP  Metabolic Pathways Pi ATP ADP AT ADP ADP AT ADP ATP  Thermodynamics o Neither matter nor energy can be created or destroyed o Reaction of Glu + P i G6P + H O 2  ΔG > 0  Paired with favorable bond o ATP  ADP = ΔG > 0 o ADP  ATP = ΔG < 0 Metabolism & Reactions  Metabolism o Catabolism  Break down complex or simple  Release energy o Anabolism  Build complex from simple  Require energy  Produce ADP  Feedback Inhibition o When ATP levels ride  Reaction rate decreases  Oxidation Reduction Reactions Xe + Y  X + Ye -  X is oxidized & Y is reduced o Oxidation  Loss of electrons o Reduction  Gain of electrons  Oxidation of Carbon in catabolism o Oxidation & reduction of C doesn’t result in change in charge H C H Release O C O H Energy o Oxidation of C results in loss of bonds to # and/or gain of bonds to O  Highest potential energy  lowest o Electrons lose potential energy when they end up closer to electronegative atoms such as O  Glucose metabolism pathway captures free energy released form oxidation of glucose  Dehydrogenases o Oxidation reduction reactions


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