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Tennessee History Lecture Notes (Thursday February 11)

by: Ashley Cetinel

Tennessee History Lecture Notes (Thursday February 11) Tennessee History 2030-007

Marketplace > Middle Tennessee State University > History > Tennessee History 2030-007 > Tennessee History Lecture Notes Thursday February 11
Ashley Cetinel
GPA 3.8

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About this Document

These are the notes from Thursday, February 11th. While preparing these notes in class, I realized that our professor has a tendency to move rapidly through the slides, giving students little time...
Tennessee History
Jill C. Nelson
Class Notes
history, tennessee history
25 ?




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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley Cetinel on Monday February 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Tennessee History 2030-007 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Jill C. Nelson in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Tennessee History in History at Middle Tennessee State University.


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Date Created: 02/08/16
[Last Name] 1 Course Name: 2030 Tennessee History  Professor: Jill C. Nelson Semester: Winter 2016 Date: 11 February 2016 (Thursday) Tennessee History Lecture Notes #2 Statehood Years ­ The Beginnings  During the Treaty of Echota (1835), the removal of Indians would commence,  and many Indians would be pushed out of the land that they once inhabited.  At this  point, the white settlers possessed an exceptionally large amount of land whereas the  Indians began losing what little land they had left in their grasp.  Elections in Tennessee After the constitutional convention, William Blount requested that the state  legislature elect senators and representatives for Tennessee.  After the elections were  held, 22 representatives and 11 senators were elected.  Assembly in Knoxville After elections were held, many of Tennessee's new leaders were pushing for  Tennessee to receive the approval to become an official state.  James Winchester was  elected as the Speaker of the Senate and William Blount and William Cocke were  named US senators.  The Speaker of the House, James Stuart, was also among this  group of newly elected officials.  [Last Name] 2 Admission of a New State In May of 1796, a debate was held between anti­federalists and federalists in which anti­federalists argued that congress should be responsible for the  forming of statehood and not the southwest territories.  The anti­federalists also  asserted that that congress should be responsible for censuses.  Thomas  Jefferson, a federalist, was feared by the anti­federalists for the reasons  mentioned above.  In May of 1796, Tennessee became the sixteenth state and a  constitution was compiled together in a rather hasty fashion.  Admission to Union In June of 1796, Tennessee officially became a state after President  Washington signed the statehood bill.  Around this time, Andrew Jackson was  elected into the House of Representatives after he obtained the approval of  Tennessee voters.  After Jackson was elected into this position, he became very  involved in the removal process of the Indians, eventually leading to the Trail of  Tears in later years. John Sevier o Resigned around this time after realizing that the powers of a governor  were fairly limited  [Last Name] 3 o Retained government seat for 11 years Federal Census of 1800 and 1810 The Census of 1800 stated that there were 106,000 inhabitants of  Tennessee.  The original population of Tennessee had been tripled!  Blount's Conspiracy  Blount was arrested for conspiracy when the Senate began to investigate his  biased position regarding the removal of the Indians and the taking of the land  they had inhabited.    However, Blount was not prosecuted, and as a result, he returned to Knoxville. Andrew Jackson vs John Sevier  Jackson ran against Sevier for the position of major general of the state militia.   However, Jackson lost to Sevier in 1796.  1802: Jackson and Sevier tied in the election  Governor Archibald Roane selected Jackson for this position and John Sevier  challenged Jackson to a duel.  Governors Who Emerged in Tennessee  John Sevier  Archibald Roane  William Blount  [Last Name] 4  McMinn Emergence of Different Capitals in Tennessee Until 1843, no permanent capital had been established for Tennessee.   Throughout the years, Tennessee had switched its capitals several times, but the most  notable capital alterations involved the cities Nashville, Knoxville, and Murfreesboro.   Moreover, these capital changes were responsible for many of the economic  fluctuations in Tennessee.  Tennessee's Responsibilities as a State  Tennessee had to set aside 160,000 acres of old Cherokee reservations in east  Tennessee for the development of 2 colleges (East Tennessee College in  Knoxville and Cumberland College in Nashville)  TN was also required to provide 640 acres in every 6 square miles for the  development of a public school.   During these times, Cherokee lands were unrightfully sold and used for these  purposes.  Treaty with the Chickasaw  Tennessee obtained West Tennessee after a treaty with the Chickasaw  People obtained the rights to purchase 160 acres of land   Land is continually divided between North Carolina and Tennessee [Last Name] 5 Treaty of Holston   Boundary lines from the Treaty of Holston were drawn in 1797  President John Adams sent troops to remove illegal white settlers (the settlers  remained despite these efforts)  By 1819, most of the Indians were forced out of Tennessee with the exception of  a few rogue Indian groups in the southeastern corner of the state New Echota Treaty  This treaty required all Cherokee to migrate west within 2 years.  Martin Van Buren (the president at the time) ordered troops to force these  Indians to begin moving west, ultimately causing the start of the Trail of Tears. Panic of 1819  National banks responded to reports of inflation after the War of 1812 when  cotton prices began to increase exponentially.  Business crashed  Cotton prices decreased  Side­note* While the Panic of 1819 was indeed a period of collapse in the  national economy, its impact on the nation was not as severe as the damage that the  Great Depression caused in later years.  Felix Grundy [Last Name] 6  Grundy decided that creditors could no longer foreclose peoples' property in an  effort to combat the Panic of 1819. War of 1812 The War of 1812 commenced shortly after Tennessee became a state.   During this time, Great Britain was under the impression that they still maintained control over the southern settlements despite their absence during the settlers'  times of need.  Furthermore, the British were reluctant to leave the south  because they feared that they would lose what little control they had left of the  southern territories.   [Last Name] 7 Works Cited AuthorLastName, FirstName. Title of the Book Being Referenced. City Name: Name of  Publisher, Year. Type of Medium (e.g., Print). LastName, First, Middle. “Article Title.” Journal Title (Year): Pages From ­ To. Print.


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