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week 8 notes

by: Olivia Lee

week 8 notes PSY 35000 - 002

Olivia Lee
GPA 3.65

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weekly notes
Abnormal Psychology
David Rollock
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 11 page Class Notes was uploaded by Olivia Lee on Monday February 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 35000 - 002 at Purdue University taught by David Rollock in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at Purdue University.

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Date Created: 02/08/16
Chapter 3: Research Class #8 January 29 , 2016 DSM Disorders • Specific diagnoses grouped into larger categories – Anxiety Disorders • Specific phobia, panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder – Depressive Disorders • Major depression, dysthymia – Eating disorders • Anorexia, bulimia – Bipolar Disorders – OC Disorders – Trauma-related disorders – Psychotic disorders – Substance-related disorders – Personality disorders – Etc, etc, etc…a work in progress, constantly changing DSM Dilemmas • Comorbidity – Disorders ought to be distinct…. – Presence of two illnesses in one patient at the same time – Some overlap by chance : but high rate of comorbidity – Too many people are comorbidity: should not be this much overlap • Reliability vs. validity – DSM maximize reliability first, then validity – Valid: not capturing the true illness in nature – Ex: diabetes originally thought as a foot disorder, but we now know that that is not accurate • Political influences – In 50s the symptoms were not based on science – At the end of the day, DSM is still written by people – Example: homosexuality • DSM is imperfect, but is a work in progress Research approaches • Correlational: if two things tend to go together, no manipulations are made – Cannot answer the ‘why’ question – Most psychological experiments are correlational • Experimental: manipulate variables, can infer causation • Case study • Single-case experimental design Correlation and Causation • Three possible cause-effect relations could cause (1) Depression Low self-esteem or could cause (2) Low self-esteem Depression or Low self-esteem (3) Distressing events could cause and or biological predisposition Depression Research by experiment Independent Variable (IV) Dependent Variable (DV) Alcohol Behavior Level Studying Individuals • The Case Study Study of a small number of individuals in great depth • Problem: Weak internal validity; numerous confounds; not representative Single-case experiment Treatment outcome Treatment: What works? • Lots of People Claim to have “cures” or effective treatments • Thought Field Therapy: – tapping various parts of the body in order to rebalance its natural energy system – correct "perturbations" in the energy fields, called thought fields, that cause psychological disturbances. – Different "algorithms" or tapping sequences are employed by the therapist to treat different problems. – Claims 97% success rate (for most advanced training) – Costs $100,000 to learn this technique • Problem: No empirical support Empirically supported treatments • The basis of sound medical practice • 2+ studies – Must replicate! • Comparison – Placebo – Existing treatment • treatments/


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