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Lecture 7 - Those Invested in Organizations (continued)

by: Leslie Ogu

Lecture 7 - Those Invested in Organizations (continued) ORSC 1109

Marketplace > George Washington University > Humanities and Social Sciences > ORSC 1109 > Lecture 7 Those Invested in Organizations continued
Leslie Ogu
GPA 3.01

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About this Document

Wrap up of discussion of organizations and who is invested in them, open systems, ethics, morals of an organization, and more
Introduction to Organizational Sciences
Costanza, D
Class Notes
Morals, ethics, employees, rights, Organizations, invested, open systems, stakeholders
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Leslie Ogu on Monday February 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ORSC 1109 at George Washington University taught by Costanza, D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Organizational Sciences in Humanities and Social Sciences at George Washington University.

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Date Created: 02/08/16
Leslie Ogu ORSC 1109  02/08/2016 ­ ​ hose Interested in the Organizations    Open Systems  ● Stakeholders (Internal and External)  ● Effectiveness  ○ Perspective  ○ Type  ○ Time  ○ Measures?  1. Participation  2. Productivity  a. quality  3. Organizations’ Performance  a. Earnings  b. Sales  c. Overall Standing  4. Objective v. Subjective Measures  a. There is no one right way to measure effectiveness  b. Equifinality    Organizational Ethics  ● Def: moral principles that guide individual and organizational behavior  ○ usually a set of rules, or guidelines that an organization follows and  influences how people in the organization do their work, interactions  between them, etc  ● Models  1. Utilitarian  a. idea is that something is ethical if it provides the greatest good for  the most people  b. cost / benefit mindset  i. make the most people happy but there will be some people  who are not  ii. best interest of the company  1. usually used by for­profit companies like Strayer  University  2. Moral Rights Approach  a. all individuals have a set of fundamental rights and the most ethical  way of doing things is the way that defends those rights  i. not liked by for­profit companies because it doesn’t benefit  them  b. Challenges  i. What if the rights of different entities or people are in danger  but they conflict (i.e., defending one person’s rights may put  another person’s rights in danger)?  3. Justice  a. ensuring everyone is similarly considered    ● Influence  1. Legal  2. Stakeholders  3. Sources  a. Society  b. Professional  c. Individual    Why Unethical?  ● Individual  ○ Selection  ● Self­Interest  ○ Training / Real Work  ● Outside Pressure  ○ “Everyone is doing it” defense         


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