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STS 1 Week 1 Notes

by: Caroline Beaudoin

STS 1 Week 1 Notes STS 1

Caroline Beaudoin

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About this Document

These notes cover Professor Willinsky's discussion of Intellectual Property taught during week one.
Sandra Lee, Thomas Mullaney, John Willinsky
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caroline Beaudoin on Monday February 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to STS 1 at Stanford University taught by Sandra Lee, Thomas Mullaney, John Willinsky in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see STS 1 in Natural Sciences and Mathematics at Stanford University.

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Date Created: 02/08/16
Week One Notes 2/8/16 10:01 PM 1/6/16 Intellectual Property -who’s knowledge counts? -Sociology of Knowledge: there is no knowledge without a history. What’s the point of the right to literacy if you don’t have access to the knowledge. Best knowledge is locked in the university. What is wrong with this picture? How could it be improved? To Do/Solution: 1. Build software/free platform for scholarly publishing. What if the platform for publishing is free? Then the research should be free too. Most of what is free is now faculty cheating/being illegal. If we have a right to know then it should be part of the law. -IP Governs the right to access/the right to exclude -law is supposed to provide incentive to create and it does not -Is there something different about scholarship that separates it from Robin Thick, Pharrell Williams,Marvin Gaye. (Marvin Gaye got 5 mill$ from Pharrell) 4 Kinds of Distinctions & Decisions of Intellectual Property ex: 1 Copyright claims of VW and car manufactures is incorrect. Can’t change software before, but court says yes you own it you can change it. Ex:2 U of W and Apple. Wisconsin thought Apple infringed one of its patents. 100,000 patents associated with an iphone. Ex: 3 CRISPR to edit genes. What’s behind intellectual property is the History/Founding of our Country Property as a Natural Right Idea that something isn’t legal, it’s a right granted in nature. Locke in the th 17 century- want to get order back in the country. Period of revolution to need a basis for democracy/consent for the people. Locke thinks that the divine right of kings is a state of slavery. Locke’s Property Principles: 1. The Great Common of the World: initial state of the world is the commons. World is given to the world, equally in commons. Need to explain why there is property because everybody has this claim. Property is unnatural, but we make it natural. 2. A Property In His Own Person first thing we do have property in is ourselves. Our bodies, ourselves. Critical to abolition of slavery, womens’ rights. Divine right of king stops at my body. If we own ourselves then what we do to ourselves becomes a claim on the world. You can have a property “in something”. Rightful claim/a natural right 3.Labour Was To Be His Title To It if you work on something that is in common, then you have a claim on it. You put the labor in, its yours. Natural claim. Labor becomes natural right to property. Pharell talks about how hard he worked on the song, Robin Thicke talk about how he was inebriated. Didn’t check Marvin Gaye but made the assertion that natural right to that property is based in labor. Idea of qualification for property 4. Enough, and As Good Left if you take apple tree and that’s the only apple tree than you created a social injustice. Violated natural right to that social tree. Right to property if you leave enough and as good 5. Nothing Was Made To Spoil social agreement among people to make sure there is no waste. Because you can sell the apples, use that money to create new apples and make sure more people have access to apples. Never again have only one apple. 6. From the Consent of Men 7. Increase the Common Stock you can justify fencing something in in order to increase stock. -big consequences of these rules such as slavery, treatment of native americans (don’t work the land, don’t have a claim on it) Social Contract -Around the $$ -don’t take more than what you need (apples example) Usage Incentive Intellectual Property by Jefferson -if you give someone an idea about property, you increase your own sense of knowing. Notion that dieas circulate in a different way is part of intellectual property. No intellectual property law until 15 thC in places like Venice where art blowers wanted to protect their work. We are interested in copyright and patents -Tj was a patent officer. Convinced by James Madison that only 1 reason for intellectual property- Incentive. If we don’t encourage people to create/invent/ people wont do as much. Why create something that takes you 2 years and someone else can pick it up and make all the money off of it? Intellectual Property has a limit. All ideas begin as a part of the commons. Do I have an original idea?? “No single person discovers things anymore” -U.S. Law is to promote the progress of science and useful arts by securing for a limited time to authors. IF the time is limited, other people can build on the invention. After 20 years in a patent, it becomes public and othoe rpoeple can start building on it and adding to it. -IP is a tradeoff between common stock by being shared. Incentive for limited time to encourage but then becomes shared. Once copyright is expired, can publish own addition. -authors 70 years after death own their copyright/estate 2/8/16 10:01 PM 2/8/16 10:01 PM


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