Dance Appreciation Week 2 Notes
Dance Appreciation Week 2 Notes ESS 104
UW - L
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Courtney Schmitz on Tuesday February 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ESS 104 at University of Wisconsin - La Crosse taught by Kathy Gorman in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 55 views. For similar materials see Dance Appreciation in Physical Education at University of Wisconsin - La Crosse.
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Date Created: 02/09/16
Dance in Ancient Cultures (before the Middle Ages) 4 Types of Dance used by religious cultures: 1. Dances of Imitation- gain the power and spirit of the animal, bird or force of nature Ex. Native American Tribes (rain, fire, eagle dances) 2. Medicine Dances- to heal or prevent illness Ex. The Serpent Ritual (India) –ward off misfortune 3. Commemorative Dances- to remember, to honor the different rites of passage– if they hit puberty, to show they’re and adult Ex. The Apache Mountain Spirit Dance 4. Dance for Spiritual Connection- in this dance, people become possessed by a spirit or God (spirit talks through one’s body to communicate to the rest of the villagers) Ex. The ancestors’ Dance of the Yoruba Tribe in Western Nigeria Dance of 4 Ancient Cultures (used in positive ways, besides the Romans who start with a negative aspect) Ancient Egypt- we know they used dance by looking at Hieroglyphs 1. Religious Worship 2. Entertainment (as we do today)- hasn’t ever been used for this until Ancient Egypt Ancient Hebrews 1. Religious Worship-praise and thank their god, in ancient Hebrew language they had 12 verbs to describe “dance” 2. Celebrations Ancient Greeks 1. Religious Worship- Greeks would dance for gods on their feast day 2. Education- believe arts education is important 3. Theatre 4. Entertainment- to entertain guests at dinner parties Ancient Romans (negative because they killed Christians and either danced before or after their death) 1. Festivals- our Christmas day is based off of their winter solstice day 2. Theatre- Pantomime (22 B.C.)-act a story nonverbally (very popular) Dark Ages (400 – 1000 A.D.) Middle Ages (1000 – 1450) *Christianity doesn’t use dance in their services (dance is our body sinning, or sexual advances)* Dance Forms that are Prevalent in the Middle Ages 1. Dance Processions- congregation of the church would march the streets carrying crucifix or paintings (this still takes place in Europe during Holy week-march for 8 – 12 hours straight)-acceptable to the Christian church, the next two are not. 2. The Dance of Death (Danse Macabre)- people were lucky to make the age of 60, heard myths of ghosts coming back to haunt living, Ex. this dance would be done at someone’s funeral because they believed that spirit would stay in the other world 3. Danseomania- whole villages all at once would wildly and crazily dance and wouldn’t stop to eat or rest, some died during this -Christians thought of these people to be possessed by the devil After the Middle Ages we had the… Renaissance “re-birth” (1450 -1750) – start of a whole new dance, ballet- started in 15 century 1. Court Ballet- performance art and social, audience could join in -used for more power in court, help to maintain stability in the courts
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