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FMAT 201- First Set of Notes

by: Whitney Marie Halaby

FMAT 201- First Set of Notes FMST 201

Marketplace > Towson University > Child and Family Studies > FMST 201 > FMAT 201 First Set of Notes
Whitney Marie Halaby
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About this Document

Notes for class lectures from 1/29/16-2/8/16
Family Resources
Nikita Laws
Class Notes
FMST, Family resources




Popular in Family Resources

Popular in Child and Family Studies

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Whitney Marie Halaby on Tuesday February 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FMST 201 at Towson University taught by Nikita Laws in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 47 views. For similar materials see Family Resources in Child and Family Studies at Towson University.


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Date Created: 02/09/16
FMST 201­ Class Notes 1/29/15­ 2/18/16  Complexity of Managing  Family Resources: o Interdependency (of an individual)  dynamic ( the environment)  effort  to meet basic needs ( shelter, food, water, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs) o Characteristics:  Individual and group needs  Clarification and communication of the continual needs   Resources must be identified and secured o Influences of Resources:  Culture   Availability  Accessibility  Five Step Decision Making Process 1. Recognize the existing need 2. Identify alternatives to fulfill the identified need 3. Evaluate identified alternatives 4. Select and implement alternatives 5. Reflect and Evaluate the alternatives selected  Lake Placid Confrence: o Lead to the implementation of home economics courses in the public  school system  Influences of Resource Management: o Historical ex. Mad Cow Disease & 9?/11 o Environmental   Food Desert: a place where it is hard to get fresh food because  there is a lot of traffic and companies don’t want to take all that  effort to open a grocery store – most common in cities – people are then forced to shop in more expensive convenience stores to buy  groceries these places typically don’t have fresh food and if they  do they are very expensive   o Cultural – culture , diversity – how culture influences the availability of  resources  Gentrification : when a group of people (organization) comes into an area with a goal to rebuild/restore the area because there is a lack of resources. The  people who currently live in that area are relocated and the environment is  completely altered. This can cause class stratification – people who originally  lived in the area usually cannot afford to move back   Orientations for cultural values –identification, use production of cultural values: o Human Nature: good v evil –belief that people can make mistakes  this is  evident because of prisons and the religious belief in rehabilitation  o Man & Nature: either work in harmony with the environment or against  the environment or won’t let things occur in the environment ex. hunting  is allowed because of large deer population, people build shelters where  we can manipulate/work in harmony with the environment  (air  conditioning, heating) o Time: past, present, and future  ex. maintaining tradition  o Activity: accomplishments, attaining resources o Relational: how individuals relate to each other ­> lineal, collaborative,  and individualistic  Lineal: the need of the group are considered more important than  those of the individual – common in Asia, African and South  American cultures  Collaborative: working together to achieve a goal typically with  leadership and an egalitarian group ex. Nazi German occupiers and foreign occupiers  Individualistic: individuals are rewarded for behaving  independently, making their own plans,  and working towards  personal goals  Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Individual Families: o Psychology: mind & behavior o Sociology: study of society o Social Psych: behavior of groups o Cultural Anthropology: study of cultures o Economics: study of money, production, and consumption o Biology: study of all living things  Polygamy: more than one spouse  Polyandry: a women with multiple husbands   Polygyny: a man with multiple wives  Family = interdependence ( anyone who is connected to us) o 1. Modern Family­ breadwinner, white fence, homemaker o 2. Democratic Family­ people marry to nurture kids o 3. Companionate Family: choosing a spouse out of love o 4. Post Modern Family:  diverse, connected for other reasons outside of  love  DINK: Dual Income No Kids   Core Concepts of the Family: o Economic unit o Group membership­ considers that the identity needs to be maintained to  the group over time ­ +2 people  o Identity – wants to maintain this identity over time   Characteristics of the Family: o Economic o Physical ex. food and shelter o Social ex. having a role/status in society – social norms o Emotional ex. finding a sense of belongingness – building character  Family Life Cycle and Key Emotional Principles: 1. Single young adult leaving home – accepting financial  and  emotional responsibility  2. Marriage – commitment to new systems, economic unit  ­  connecting self to new familial system 3. Parent and Family w/ kids – children are changing individual  roles – accepting new members into the family system 4. Family w/ Adolescence: flexibility of family boundaries – pre­ teen – children’s independence and aging grandparents 5. Family at Mid Life­ accepting a multitude of exits and entries  into the familial system  ­ kids leaving home, grandparents  dying  6. Family at Later Life: retirement, accepting shift in generational roles   Intra­ means same   Inter­ mean different   Types of Marriages: o Interfaith: 2 or more different faiths o Interethnic: 2 different ethnicities o Interracial: 2 different races  Monetary Benefits of the Family: o Legal system o Life insurance o FMLA: family medical leave act o Social security survivor benefits o IRS ex. use of dependent care as a tax deduction   Genogram: used to trace families past/lineage  Family Theories: o Family System: interconnectedness of family members o Social Exchange: focus on individual resources and bartering of resources o Symbolic Interactionism: views family as uniquely self centered  o Family Development: views family as dynamic o Family Strengths: focuses on what is done well and ignores problem  solving  o Feminist: incorporates women’s views and experience in research   Quantitative research: research that deals with numbers, collected with a certain  instrument, seeking correlation, data reported in percentages, findings are  generalized  Qualitative research: the researcher is the instrument used, seek a pattern, works  and descriptions are forms of reporting, findings are centralized but specific   Morrell Act: gave training to working class families in the field of agriculture and  mechanics – Land Grant Bill  Principles of Good Household Management:  o Set an example and provide clear guidance  o Control the finances of the family carefully o Strive for order and methods in all management activities   Key Management Concepts: o Plan  o Organize o Lead o Control   Richards Contribution  o Study of sanitation in the home ­> nutrition ­> management of the home o Time, energy, and money   Home and Business Management: o Era 1 – 1900­1930s: Study of Lillian and Frank, brick lane process, large  family, effective use of energy o Era 2­ 1940­1950s: invention and production of goods o Era 3 – 1950s­1960s: social scripts for men and women change in the  household and how it relates to management  o Era 4 – 1970­1980s: implementation of home economics in 5 areas of  training   Commodities: o Measure it­> keep it­> save it­> waste it o Time: can be measured (in minutes, seconds, moon/sun) kept (watch),  saved (planning, short cuts, adjustment, management) or wasted (this is  due to lack of management)  Money has 3 functions: o Credit  o Cash  o Debit/check 


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