FMAT 201- First Set of Notes
FMAT 201- First Set of Notes FMST 201
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Whitney Marie Halaby on Tuesday February 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FMST 201 at Towson University taught by Nikita Laws in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 47 views. For similar materials see Family Resources in Child and Family Studies at Towson University.
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Date Created: 02/09/16
FMST 201 Class Notes 1/29/15 2/18/16 Complexity of Managing Family Resources: o Interdependency (of an individual) dynamic ( the environment) effort to meet basic needs ( shelter, food, water, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs) o Characteristics: Individual and group needs Clarification and communication of the continual needs Resources must be identified and secured o Influences of Resources: Culture Availability Accessibility Five Step Decision Making Process 1. Recognize the existing need 2. Identify alternatives to fulfill the identified need 3. Evaluate identified alternatives 4. Select and implement alternatives 5. Reflect and Evaluate the alternatives selected Lake Placid Confrence: o Lead to the implementation of home economics courses in the public school system Influences of Resource Management: o Historical ex. Mad Cow Disease & 9?/11 o Environmental Food Desert: a place where it is hard to get fresh food because there is a lot of traffic and companies don’t want to take all that effort to open a grocery store – most common in cities – people are then forced to shop in more expensive convenience stores to buy groceries these places typically don’t have fresh food and if they do they are very expensive o Cultural – culture , diversity – how culture influences the availability of resources Gentrification : when a group of people (organization) comes into an area with a goal to rebuild/restore the area because there is a lack of resources. The people who currently live in that area are relocated and the environment is completely altered. This can cause class stratification – people who originally lived in the area usually cannot afford to move back Orientations for cultural values –identification, use production of cultural values: o Human Nature: good v evil –belief that people can make mistakes this is evident because of prisons and the religious belief in rehabilitation o Man & Nature: either work in harmony with the environment or against the environment or won’t let things occur in the environment ex. hunting is allowed because of large deer population, people build shelters where we can manipulate/work in harmony with the environment (air conditioning, heating) o Time: past, present, and future ex. maintaining tradition o Activity: accomplishments, attaining resources o Relational: how individuals relate to each other > lineal, collaborative, and individualistic Lineal: the need of the group are considered more important than those of the individual – common in Asia, African and South American cultures Collaborative: working together to achieve a goal typically with leadership and an egalitarian group ex. Nazi German occupiers and foreign occupiers Individualistic: individuals are rewarded for behaving independently, making their own plans, and working towards personal goals Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Individual Families: o Psychology: mind & behavior o Sociology: study of society o Social Psych: behavior of groups o Cultural Anthropology: study of cultures o Economics: study of money, production, and consumption o Biology: study of all living things Polygamy: more than one spouse Polyandry: a women with multiple husbands Polygyny: a man with multiple wives Family = interdependence ( anyone who is connected to us) o 1. Modern Family breadwinner, white fence, homemaker o 2. Democratic Family people marry to nurture kids o 3. Companionate Family: choosing a spouse out of love o 4. Post Modern Family: diverse, connected for other reasons outside of love DINK: Dual Income No Kids Core Concepts of the Family: o Economic unit o Group membership considers that the identity needs to be maintained to the group over time +2 people o Identity – wants to maintain this identity over time Characteristics of the Family: o Economic o Physical ex. food and shelter o Social ex. having a role/status in society – social norms o Emotional ex. finding a sense of belongingness – building character Family Life Cycle and Key Emotional Principles: 1. Single young adult leaving home – accepting financial and emotional responsibility 2. Marriage – commitment to new systems, economic unit connecting self to new familial system 3. Parent and Family w/ kids – children are changing individual roles – accepting new members into the family system 4. Family w/ Adolescence: flexibility of family boundaries – pre teen – children’s independence and aging grandparents 5. Family at Mid Life accepting a multitude of exits and entries into the familial system kids leaving home, grandparents dying 6. Family at Later Life: retirement, accepting shift in generational roles Intra means same Inter mean different Types of Marriages: o Interfaith: 2 or more different faiths o Interethnic: 2 different ethnicities o Interracial: 2 different races Monetary Benefits of the Family: o Legal system o Life insurance o FMLA: family medical leave act o Social security survivor benefits o IRS ex. use of dependent care as a tax deduction Genogram: used to trace families past/lineage Family Theories: o Family System: interconnectedness of family members o Social Exchange: focus on individual resources and bartering of resources o Symbolic Interactionism: views family as uniquely self centered o Family Development: views family as dynamic o Family Strengths: focuses on what is done well and ignores problem solving o Feminist: incorporates women’s views and experience in research Quantitative research: research that deals with numbers, collected with a certain instrument, seeking correlation, data reported in percentages, findings are generalized Qualitative research: the researcher is the instrument used, seek a pattern, works and descriptions are forms of reporting, findings are centralized but specific Morrell Act: gave training to working class families in the field of agriculture and mechanics – Land Grant Bill Principles of Good Household Management: o Set an example and provide clear guidance o Control the finances of the family carefully o Strive for order and methods in all management activities Key Management Concepts: o Plan o Organize o Lead o Control Richards Contribution o Study of sanitation in the home > nutrition > management of the home o Time, energy, and money Home and Business Management: o Era 1 – 19001930s: Study of Lillian and Frank, brick lane process, large family, effective use of energy o Era 2 19401950s: invention and production of goods o Era 3 – 1950s1960s: social scripts for men and women change in the household and how it relates to management o Era 4 – 19701980s: implementation of home economics in 5 areas of training Commodities: o Measure it> keep it> save it> waste it o Time: can be measured (in minutes, seconds, moon/sun) kept (watch), saved (planning, short cuts, adjustment, management) or wasted (this is due to lack of management) Money has 3 functions: o Credit o Cash o Debit/check
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