Intro to Sociology Week 4
Intro to Sociology Week 4 SOC1001
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Seth Notetaker on Tuesday February 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC1001 at University of Cincinnati taught by Gerald Reid in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at University of Cincinnati.
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Date Created: 02/09/16
Intro to Sociology Week #4 Notes Socialization Process Humans- few instincts- must learn culture and structure! Cannot learn C/S without other people! Cannot know self without other people! Cannot meet needs without other people! WE ARE SOCIAL. Effects of isolation and deprivation o Physical growth and physical health negatively effected o Mental health is negatively affected o Cognitive or intellectual development if deferred, arrested, or even reversed o Socio-emotional development suffers Socialization: lifelong process through which o The culture and structure are learned-lacking instincts, humans have to learn their culture and have to learn their place relative to others with whom they interact (structure) o An emerging human develops a social self- a looking glass self o Members are replaced in society- to preserve the culture and fill positions in the social structure Requisites for “normal” development o Considerable human interaction must occur o Some mastery of language and other symbols must happen o Some measure of affectionate acceptance must be present Generalized Other Self is a social product- the awareness we have of who we are as unique human beings Mind is a social product- mind is human capacity to learn, think, use symbols Mead- stresses learning through role taking o Through play, a child learns to step outside themselves and assume the role of an other o Child learns to take role of specific other o Child learns to see themselves as others see them – first specific other then more generalized other Specific other- example ‘father’ or ‘fireman’ Generalized other- an awareness of general society o Child learned imaginative rehearsal o Child learns to select from options and then act o Child learns to self control behavior Agents of Socialization Family- language, basic personality, basic self concept Peers- self in comparison, competitive skill development School- knowledge and skills, more interpersonal Mass Media- knowledge of outside world, new and different behaviors Workplace- new knowledge and skills, new culture, new roles The Street- value of respect, value of toughness, the place of women, status of the player Some Major Issues Related to Socialization Lifelong (not just childhood- every transition- every new challenge) Historical Context- a time of: o Great depression; unprecedented affluence, constant threat of terrorism Multiple concepts of SELF (?) o Multiple ROLES so multiple SELVES? Cohort Differences o Baby Boomers o MTV Generation o Generation X o Millennium Cohort (longitudinal study being conducted now) Gender Differences o Male development better understood than female development o Almost no understanding of transgender development Social Structure The invisible system that coordinates human interaction and behavior in broadly predictable ways Institutions: family, education, economy, government, religion, medicine, law, and more. These core institutions dominate our lives- most of our daily activities occur within these structures; most of our needs met within these structures o Institutions have a history; they were here before us o Institutions do, however, constantly change o Institutions distribute income, wealth, other resources in unequal ways o Institutions promote ideologies that legitimate the structures o Over time, on institution may pick up the function of another- e.g. modern family has given up much to education Social Statuses/Positions o Social Status- position that an individual occupies (e.g. female, sister, lesbian, mother, executive) o Social Status- only has meaning in relation to other roles Ascribed status- race, age, sex, birth order Achieved Status- typically a position that is earned o Status Set- all of the statuses that one person assumes o Master status- one that overshadows others; shapes every aspect of life in all situations (e.g. unemployed, ex-convict, racial identity, celebrity status, scarlet letter) Social Roles- behavior expected of someone holding a particular status Social Structures Empowers and Contraints Structures always empower Structures always constrain o A set of expectations are attached to every role o Norms and values shape roles o Norms are attached to roles NOT to people Social structure The invisible system that coordinates human interaction and behavior in broadly predictable ways Is about the different statuses, roles, and how they are interconnected- and size of networks created Culture Ideology Symbols Technology Must have Both for reality to be meaningful
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