Relational Dialectics Comm 2100-001
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Annie Young on Tuesday February 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Comm 2100-001 at a university taught by Margaret Quinlan Carbone in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 34 views.
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Date Created: 02/09/16
Chapter 11 I. Relational Dialects of Leslie Baxter & Barbara Montgomery A. Relational dialects- highlight the struggles of close relationships (romantic, friendships, family, etc.); they are not problems, rather opportunities to grow. 1. Originates from interpretive theory 2. Dialects= messy, opposing forces, struggle, change, contradictory, push- pull, ongoing flux, etc. B. Relational contradictions do not rely on demographics or personal traits; they are universal in all relationships. 1. Contradictions- the dynamic interplay between unified oppositions; the core concept of relational dialects a) Dialectical principle of unity- whenever 2 forces are interdependent b) Dialectical principle of negotiation- Interdependent forces mutually negate one another. 2. Without contradiction relationships fail relationships are always in flux a) Contradictions provides outlet for discussions and can be constructive 3. Dialectical tension is the natural outcome of conversation not the guiding force that motivates us to talk. 4. 3 ongoing dialects that affect relationships: (1) Integration- Separation: connection/autonomy (w/in relationship) & Inclusion/seclusion (couples & community): internal struggles reflect external struggles (2) Stability- Change: Certainty/uncertainty (internal dialectic) & Conventionality/uniqueness (external dialectic); the desire for stability but also variety in a relationship (3) Expression- Nonexpression: openness/closedness (internal) & revelation/concealment (external); the desire to be transparent and closed off as well. b) The line to intimacy is not a straight path. c) Internal dialectics= within the relationship VS. External dialectics= couple and community Chapter 11 II. Concept of Dialogue A. Dialogue- constructive communication that always changes depending on the relationship. B. Constitutive dialogue- communication that creates, sustains, and alters relationships & social world; social construction if communication changes, so does the relationship. 1. Traditional scholarships suggest that people with similarities in interests, backgrounds, etc. helps people stick together. 2. Dialogic view suggests differences weigh just as much as similarities; both similarities and differences are measured through dialogue. C. Utterance Chains- the central building blocks of meaning and linked to competing discourses already heard and those implied. D. CMM serpentine model of communication: 1. Cultural ideologies 2. Relational history (from immediate past) 3. Not-yet spoken response of partner to utterance (immediate future) 4. Normative evaluation of third party to utterance (further in future) III. Dialogue as Dialectical Flux A. Dialectical flux is the unpredictable nature of personal relationships 1. Relationships are based off dialogue which is constantly changing, thus, relationships are always in flux. 2. Spiraling inversion- switching back and forth b/t two contrasting voices, responding first to one pull, then the other. 3. Segmentation- a compartmentalizing tactic by which partners isolate different aspects of their relationship. 4. Aesthetic moment- a fleeting moment that gives a sense of unity. The memory of it provides strength through turbulence for any close relationship. 5. Critical sensibility- an obligation to speak up for those who are muted; critique dominant voices a) Critical sensitivity provides a needed correction to the theories of relationship development; Partners who see the other as influential objects = manipulative relationship B. Dualism- have to pick one or the other tensions VS. Dialectics- constant tension IV. Ethical Reflection: Chapter 11 A. Truthful statements are always preferred, but there are exceptions: 1. Consequentialist ethics are judging actions based on the their benefits or harmful outcomes 2. Principle of veracity are truthful statements that are preferable to lies in the absence of special circumstances that overcome their negative weight. V. Critiques A. Similar to an interpretive theory but offers 6 new criteria: 1. A new understanding of people 2. A community of agreement 3. Clarification of values 4. Reform of society 5. Qualitative research 6. Aesthetic appeal
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