SOCI 265 Week 2 Notes
SOCI 265 Week 2 Notes SOCI 265
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Notetaker Notetaker on Tuesday February 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 265 at Towson University taught by Paul Munroe in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Status Friendship & Intimacy in Sociology at Towson University.
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Date Created: 02/09/16
Balance Theory applied when the relationship is already formed Heider’s theory (modified by Cartwright and Harary) makes 2 arguments group structure that are balanced tend to be stable groups that are unbalanced are unstable Reactions to Tension of Imbalance balancing operations change in relations to positive/negative withdraw from group (permanently or temporarily) or isolate others partitioningsometimes sense of divided loyalty stress reducing operations decrease cognitive investment in the group distort reality Assumptions scope conditions of the Formal Theory consensuspeople are aware of the relationship between members status equality facetoface interaction p likes p when one or more doesn’t apply, reassess if the theory applies “pcentricity” take the point of view of one group member “p” at a time theoremclaim that if the theory is correct, then something should be true Completeness Theorem can only be applied when you have an unformed relationship when relations in a group are completed, we expect that they will be completes so as to achieve balance we may pay attention to certain characteristics of a new person and ignore others congruencewhen completion in the actual group conforms to what we predict Structure Theorem every balanced structure can be broken into 2 mutually exclusive subsets such that each positive line joins two members of the same subset and each negative line joins members of different subsets Fixed Point Theorem if there is a point p in a graph which is connected to all other points, and if all cycles are positive with respect to that point, then the structure is balanced
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