HY101, Week 4 Notes
HY101, Week 4 Notes HY 101
Popular in Western Civ To 1648
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caroline Crews on Tuesday February 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY 101 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Daniel Riches in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Western Civ To 1648 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 02/09/16
Week 4 Notes The Roman Republic Early Rome Etruscans o First highly advanced culture in Italy o Not politically unified o Ruled by Kings, but run by wealthy families o Slavery was part of the society o Free women were much more involved in society o Compete with and evolved to be like the Greeks Rome o Not founded by Etruscans th o Founded in the 8 century o Group of villages Foundational/civil myths o Trojans Romans thought that they descended from Troy Amecis – the gods led the Trojans Virgil (79-19 BC), Aeneid (30-19 BC) o Made the story popular o Romulus and Remus Livy (59BC -17 AD), Ab Urbe Condita Twin sons of Mars (god of war) thrown in the river, raised by wolves Founded Rome Remus had bad intentions, put himself fist Romulus kills Remus Rome is founded by an act of selflessness, but Rome always comes first Paterfamilias o Household unit was the extended family o Father ran the house Patricians and Plebeians o Patricians were the wealthy families o Plebeians were the common people New King o Head od each family would come to the Senate and support a certain candidate Etruscan Italy Sees Rome as a good place of commerce o Built stuff to accommodate Brought more military power to improve power of the King Etruscans and Romans become plugged into the Greek connections Religious system o Very similar to Greek religion Architecture o Learning directly from the Greeks Roman Republic Lasted 4 ½ centuries o Achieved world awesomeness Oligarchy o Wealthy families o Over time it was reduced New system o Everyone participated, but no one person had complete power Consuls o Top spot politically o 2 people hold the position at one time o Strict, only last 1 year Other magistrates o Quaesters Finance o Praestors Legal o Censors Variety of duties No social group or branch of government could take over o Created checks and balances system Senate o Consisting of ~300 patricians o Investigating public crimes o Ran diplomatic systems o Ran the budget Plebs o Approved or rejected laws and treaties o Bestowed honor and awards o Tribunes Protected by the gods 10 tribunes at any one time To protect the plebs from the other branches of government Very powerful but still had a check Why did they last? o Great military o Most successful at integrating Full citizenship
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