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HY101, Week 4 Notes

by: Caroline Crews

HY101, Week 4 Notes HY 101

Caroline Crews

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These notes are from the 4th week of class
Western Civ To 1648
Daniel Riches
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Western Civ To 1648

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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caroline Crews on Tuesday February 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY 101 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Daniel Riches in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Western Civ To 1648 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Date Created: 02/09/16
Week 4 Notes The Roman Republic Early Rome  Etruscans o First highly advanced culture in Italy o Not politically unified o Ruled by Kings, but run by wealthy families o Slavery was part of the society o Free women were much more involved in society o Compete with and evolved to be like the Greeks  Rome o Not founded by Etruscans th o Founded in the 8 century o Group of villages  Foundational/civil myths o Trojans  Romans thought that they descended from Troy  Amecis – the gods led the Trojans  Virgil (79-19 BC), Aeneid (30-19 BC) o Made the story popular o Romulus and Remus  Livy (59BC -17 AD), Ab Urbe Condita  Twin sons of Mars (god of war) thrown in the river, raised by wolves  Founded Rome  Remus had bad intentions, put himself fist  Romulus kills Remus  Rome is founded by an act of selflessness, but Rome always comes first  Paterfamilias o Household unit was the extended family o Father ran the house  Patricians and Plebeians o Patricians were the wealthy families o Plebeians were the common people  New King o Head od each family would come to the Senate and support a certain candidate Etruscan Italy  Sees Rome as a good place of commerce o Built stuff to accommodate  Brought more military power to improve power of the King  Etruscans and Romans become plugged into the Greek connections  Religious system o Very similar to Greek religion  Architecture o Learning directly from the Greeks Roman Republic  Lasted 4 ½ centuries o Achieved world awesomeness  Oligarchy o Wealthy families o Over time it was reduced  New system o Everyone participated, but no one person had complete power  Consuls o Top spot politically o 2 people hold the position at one time o Strict, only last 1 year  Other magistrates o Quaesters  Finance o Praestors  Legal o Censors  Variety of duties  No social group or branch of government could take over o Created checks and balances system  Senate o Consisting of ~300 patricians o Investigating public crimes o Ran diplomatic systems o Ran the budget  Plebs o Approved or rejected laws and treaties o Bestowed honor and awards o Tribunes  Protected by the gods  10 tribunes at any one time  To protect the plebs from the other branches of government  Very powerful but still had a check  Why did they last? o Great military o Most successful at integrating  Full citizenship


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