Intro to Communication, Week 2 Notes
Intro to Communication, Week 2 Notes CO 1013
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rebecca Smith on Tuesday February 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CO 1013 at Mississippi State University taught by Emily Cain in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Into to Communication in Journalism and Mass Communications at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 02/09/16
Intro to Communications Chapter 2 Co-cultures Mutual interests or characteristics other than national citizenship Age, religion, sexual orientation Activities, major, physical abilities Cultural identity Ethnicity, gender, age, stage in life, etc Multiple identities Strength varies o Situation you’re in o People you’re with o Topic at hand Content varies In-groups and out-groups Culture differ in their: Languages o Approximately 6,800 used today o Pass down cultural ideas Symbols o Carry meaning Values o Sense of what should be Norms o Expectations that guide behavior How culture affects communication Individualistic o All about self Collectivistic o People don’t want to stand out Low-context o Prefer direct communication High-context o Context plays big role Low-power distance o Close to people of power High power distance o Used to great distance between people with power and the subordinates Masculine o Very defined roles of genders Feminine o Position of genders is based on skills not pre-designed roles Monochronic o Very punctual o Sees time as valuable Polychronic o More fluid and relaxed o Relationships are more important than being on time Uncertainty avoidance o Deals with comfort level of ambiguity o High- want to avoid it o Low- more comfortable with questions Intercultural Communication Barriers o Ethnocentrism Thinking your culture is better Have superior feeling o Stereotyping Can be good or bad Making generalizations of groups of people o Prejudice Always having negative attitude/feeling because people are different o Discrimination Taking action to separate yourself from people with differences Prejudice in action How do people deal? o Assimilation Drop differences Increase commons o Accommodation Bridge gaps between groups o Separation Wants to be apart from differences Chapter 3 Terms Perception o How you look at others and the world around you Self-concept o How you think and feel about yourself Perception Making meaning from what we experience o Everyone is different Super fast process o Select info o Organize it o Interpret it Perception is imperfect due to Our own lenses/filters o Culture o Stereotypes o Primacy and recency effects Lasting impressions First experiences influences afterwards experiences o Perceptual sets If you believe something you’ll pick up on it more Sometimes we make errors when attributing others behaviors Self-serving bias o Errors in explaining our own behavior o Success Stable, internal causes It’s all because of me o Failure Unstable, external causes It’s not my fault o We extend this to our loved ones too Fundamental attribution error o Attributing behavior to internal causes instead of external o Crediting or blaming who a person is rather than the situation they’re in o Community service because Nice people But really it’s a class requirement o Taking server long time because Older, slower But really they’re covering someone else’s shift too Self-concept- where does it come from Reflected appraisals o Messages you get from others o May include scripts o Self-fulfilling prophecies Social comparisons o Comparing yourself with others o Usually only one aspect/area at a time Self-perception o How you see yourself o Snapshot in time o It changes over time Understanding self-concept It is multifaceted o We define ourselves in many ways o The Johari Window illustrates this open blind hidden unknow n It is partly subjective o Not just based on objective facts o Can be more positive than accurate or more negative Managing your self-concept Self-monitoring o Being aware or your appearance, behavior, and affect on others o High or low: which is better? Self-fulfilling prophecy o A prediction that cause us to act in ways that make it come true o “I’m shy” than isolating yourself from others Self-esteem o Your own perception of your value and worth o High self-esteem always good? Managing our image Face o Our desired public image Face needs and face threats Our image is collaborative o We don’t get to decide what our image is o Others accept is or they don’t It is complex o Our image needs can conflict