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Intro to Sociology, Week 2 Notes

by: Rebecca Smith

Intro to Sociology, Week 2 Notes SO 1003

Marketplace > Mississippi State University > History > SO 1003 > Intro to Sociology Week 2 Notes
Rebecca Smith
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About this Document

These notes cover Chapter 2
Intro to Sociology
Robert Montgomery
Class Notes




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rebecca Smith on Tuesday February 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SO 1003 at Mississippi State University taught by Robert Montgomery in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in History at Mississippi State University.

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Date Created: 02/09/16
Intro to Sociology Chapter 2 Research Methods  Research methods are guidelines to how to conduct research when trying to understand the relationship between two things by collecting information through a study o Quantitative methods  Want to collect information that is easily converted to a number o Qualitative methods  Look at opinions and stories that can’t be in numbers so it uses words and interviews instead Approaches to Research  Deductive approach (starts big and goes smaller) o Starts with theory o Formulates hypothesis o Does research and makes observations o Analyzes date to affirm, reject, or change theory  Inductive approach o Begins with information and observations o Creates theory o Then conducts research to see if theory holds true Causality vs Correlation  Causality o “Cause and effect” o One thing happens to cause something else to happen  Sociologists are always trying to answer questions and find causes which creates more questions  Correlation o Has to be found in order to explain the cause Variables  Dependent variable o Is dependent on something else o Wants to know if it is going to change  Independent variable o Put in to see if something is going to change because of it o Affects dependent variable  Hypothesis o Idea that something is going to affect something else o Data will prove or disprove o Null hypothesis  Contains a negative statement  Reject it or prove it o Alternative hypothesis  Isn’t always negative  Results reject or prove it Good Research Should Have:  Validity o Is it studying what we say it is o Asking questions and getting answers to what we think we are studying o Be more specific so it is only one thing to study and ask about  Reliability o If someone else comes to study it, they will get the same results  Generalizability o Will findings of study be significant and able to be applied to large groups Feminist Methodology  Feminist methodology o Is different because women sees data differently and applies it differently o Helps with women policies and other minorities Types of Data Collection  Historical methods  Content analysis  Experimentation  Comparative research  Survey research  Interviews  Participant observation


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