Total Wellness Week 2/15/16 Notes
Total Wellness Week 2/15/16 Notes HHP 2603
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashlee Creech on Tuesday February 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HHP 2603 at Oklahoma State University taught by Anthony Lee in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 68 views. For similar materials see Total Wellness in Nursing and Health Sciences at Oklahoma State University.
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Date Created: 02/09/16
Week 2/15/16 Notes Chapter 5 (Sexuality, Pregnancy and childbirth) The components of sexuality: Biological sex is what you are born with Gender is the behaviors you have towards what you’re born with Sexual anatomy and physiology Sexual functioning and practices Sexual interactions with others Your sexual identity is determined by an interaction of genetic, physiological and environmental factors Conception is the combining of chromosomes in which there are 23 pairs total (Ex: XX (female), XY (Male)) The egg (female) carries an X sex and sperm (male) carries either an X or a Y Sexual Anatomy: Gonads (both males and females have) are developed at the 8 week of fetal life Germ Cells: Female- Ova Male- Sperm Sex Hormones: Females have: ovaries hormone, estrogen and progesterone Males have: Testes hormone and testosterone Female Reproductive Anatomy: External Female Genitals (Vulva) Mons Pubis Labia Majora Labia Minora Clitoris (MANY nerves, VERY sensitive) Vagina Internal Female Genitals Urethra Uterus Endometrium Cervix Week 2/15/16 Notes Ovaries Fallopian tubes also known as oviducts Male Reproductive Anatomy Male Sex Organs Penis Corpus Spongiosum The Glans Urethra Scrotum Testes Seminiferous tubules Epididymis Vas deferens Seminal Vesicle Prostate Cowper’s glands Hormones: Endocrine glands Hypothalamus which controls glands Pituitary gland which helps to regulate hormones Cortex of the adrenal gland (Androgens) Testes produce androgens (Testosterone (Males)) Ovaries produces estrogen and progestin’s (Progesterone) (Females)) Maturation is puberty Female Sexual Maturation: Physical Maturation: Breast development Pubic Hair Growth of penis Increased growth rate Menarche Underarm hair Week 2/15/16 Notes The menstrual cycle has four phases and is normally a total of 28 days Day 1-5: Mensus day (basically before the start) Day 6-13: Estrogenic phase Day 14: Ovulation phase Day 15-27: Progestational phase Menstrual problems: Dysmenorrhea (KINDA BAD): Cramps in the abdomen, backache, vomiting/nausea, bloating, diarrhea, loss of appetite Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS (BAD)): Physical and emotional symptoms prior to onset of menses Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD (REALLY BAD)): A severe form of premenstrual syndrome Male Sexual Maturation (usually occurs around 10 or 11 years old) Physical Maturation: Growth of testes Pubic hair Growth of penis Change in voice (usually voice gets deeper) Increased growth rate Facial hair Aging and Human Sexuality: Females: Menopause (older adults) Decreasing estrogen Males: Gradual decrease of testosterone Sexual responses are less intense Sexual Function/stimulation: Physical stimulation is shown through the senses but touches more than anything Psychological stimulation is through fantasies, memories, emotions and/or thoughts Sexual Response Cycle: Week 2/15/16 Notes Vasocongestion- When blood gathers in tissues and organs (Men-Penis, Women-Clitoris) Myotonia is increased muscular tension There are four stages in the sexual response cycle: 1) Excitement phase 2) Plateau phase (An extension of stage 1) 3) Orgasmic phase (Woman can do it as many times as they want); Males have a refracting phrase where woman do not 4) Resolution phase Sexual Health Problems (When left untreated it can cause issues with fertility): Sexual dysfunction can be biological, psychological or psychosocial in nature Biological/Physical causes: Woman- Vaginitis; Endometriosis; Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) Men- Prostatitis; Testicular cancer (Louis Armstrong had this) Side effect for vaginitis is discharge Psychological causes: Male- erectile dysfunction; premature ejaculation and retarded ejaculation Female- Veganism’s; Dyspareunia; Orgasmic dysfunction (Woman cannot orgasm) Psychosocial causes: Troubled relationships; Lack of sexual skills; Irrational attitudes and/or beliefs; Anxiety Sexual Orientation (Exists along a continuum)(Ex: Heterosexual, Bisexual (both), Homosexual (Same)): Love is when a person is emotionally connected to another person Relationship is when a person is romantically attached to another person Desire is when a person is sexually attracted to another person Sex is when a person is intimate through behavior with another person Gender Identity: Gender examples: Masculinity and Femininity Gender roles are generalizations through daily activities that express one’s maleness or femaleness Androgyny is the combination of traditional masculine and feminine traits (Ex: Jayden Smith) Week 2/15/16 Notes Transgender is individuals whose appearance, characteristics and/or behavior is different from social norms for males and females (Ex: Bruce/ Caitlyn Jenner) Expressions of sexuality: Celibacy; Autoeroticism also knows as self-pleasure (Memories, fantasies etc.); Foreplay through touching and/or communication; Oral-Genital stimulation- Cunnilingus (Females get oral pleasure)- Fellatio (Males get oral pleasure); Coitus (Vaginal sex); Anal intercourse which gives the highest risk of tearing or ripping along with a risk of getting a STI Responsible Behavior: Open and honest communications Agreement on sexual activities Sexual privacy Safe sex (No sex; wait until marriage; condoms; birth control) Conception use Sober sex Pregnancy (3 trimesters) 1) Experiences few physical symptoms; Nausea, breast tenderness and increased urination 2) (Most relaxing stage) Expansion of the stomach; Muscles and ligaments soften 3) (Typically the most burden) Soreness and swelling Labor 1 stage- cervical dilation 2ndstage- The baby is slowly pushed out through the vagina 3 stage- Uterus continues to contract until the placenta is expelled- The placenta is the sac that the baby was in before birth (Apparently you can cook and eat the placenta) Braxton Hicks conception is false labor in which it is irregular, short and painless
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