POLI 360, Week 5
POLI 360, Week 5 POLI 360 001
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POLI 360 001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by runnergal on Tuesday February 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLI 360 001 at University of South Carolina taught by David C. Darmofal in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 66 views. For similar materials see American Political Parties in Political Science at University of South Carolina.
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Date Created: 02/09/16
POLI 360 Lecture 7 There are ideological differences between activists and voters: Democratic activists are more liberal than Republican activists and vice versa. Ideological Effects of Ideological Candidates o Some critics say that ideological campaigns of recent decades have produced ideological polarization and division within the parties, hurting them in the general elections. For example, some people fear that Bernie supporters will not support Hillary if she wins the Democratic nomination and vice versa. o The relationship between ideology and activism is fluid: ideological beliefs lead citizens to become activists, and activism leads activists to become more ideological. Ideological Effects of Party Activism o These ideological effects depend on the ideological position of the candidate that the activist supports. o McCann (1995) says that party activism leads activists to identify with the ideology of the candidates they support. Therefore, activists that support liberal candidates lean more liberal and vice versa. In the 1988 presidential campaign, Jesse Jackson (liberal) activists became more liberal, and Jack Kemp (conservative) activists became more conservative. o Dick Gephardt’s and Bob Dole’s (moderates) activists were not more likely to identify as liberal or conservative, since they supported candidates that did not lean in either direction. o Jackson activists were more likely to: oppose funding the Nicaraguan contras oppose retaining current defense levels support affirmative action be prochoice oppose a constitutional amendment requiring a balanced budget o Kemp activists were more likely to: favor funding the Nicaraguan contras favor current defense spending oppose affirmative action oppose increasing environmental legislation favor outlawing abortion o Views of moderate activists, however, did not change on these specific issues. o Despite all of this information, ideological candidates do not lead their candidates to become less likely to support the eventual, more moderate nominees. o Essentially, ideological candidates do not lead to party polarization and division that will negatively affect their parties in the general election.
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