Sociology Week 9
Sociology Week 9 soci 243
Popular in sociology, race, class and gender
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ariel Kamen on Saturday April 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to soci 243 at Towson University taught by Miho Iwata in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see sociology, race, class and gender in Liberal Arts at Towson University.
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Date Created: 04/09/16
4/5/16 Schools and the Social Control of Sexuality by Miceli▯ ▯ • 90% of adults have sex before marriage▯ • 10% are gay and lesbian▯ • schools-social power-dominant groups can purposefully transmit inequalities and the process will be viewed as objective and fair▯ • hegemonic curriculum-simultaneously legitimizes or rejects other cultures and knowledge forms▯ • hidden sexuality curriculum-heterosexuality is exclusively the norm of acceptable behavior, discussion and even feeling▯ • schools also transmit conventional gender sexual norms and an ideal of marriage and family▯ • proms-appropriate/expected forms of femininity and masculinity monogamous heterosexual relationships with traditional binary gender roles▯ • what if you don’t ﬁt in-punishment rejection and accusations of being a fag, dyke, gay etc.▯ • why punishment?▯ • “(gay) students” have to accept (heterosexuals), but they do not have to accept us”▯ • “straight students”- free to express themselves, but LGBTQ students’ expression are limited and persecuted▯ • LGBTQ students experience harassments- “heteronormativity” legitimizes such acts▯ • the existence of gay and lesbian people is not discussed in the curriculum of most schools - “to take ‘neutral’ stance on sexuality”▯ • abstinence only — information - increase sexual activity, STDs and teen pregnancy▯ • what been taught in US schools▯ - the authorized suppression of a discourse of female sexual desire▯ - the promotion of a discourse of female sexual victimization ▯ - the explicit privileging of married heterosexuality over other practices of sexuality▯ • “these programs teach girls to fear their own sexuality, to view sex as dangerous and harmful, victim of their own or males’ uncontrolled sexuality▯ • sex education classes- disagreement about the species content and aim of sex education classes persist▯ • comprehensive sexuality education- stress on abstinence of youth and information on contra- ception and abortion▯ • sexuality as positive and healthy, general support for gender equality and acceptance of sex- ual diversity▯ ▯ The State▯ • what are the characteristics and roles of the state?▯ • (monopoly) control of the means of violence▯ • territoriality ▯ • sovereignty ▯ • constitutionality- the basic “rules of the game”▯ • “the rule of law” and the exercise of impersonal power▯ • public bureaucracy▯ • authority and legitimacy▯ • citizenship▯ • taxation▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ 4/5/16 The Government▯ ▯ • Who/which entities hold power to inﬂuence important decisions made by the government?▯ - who/which entities are likely to have more inﬂuence/power than the others?▯ • If those decisions promote interests of certain segments of population more than the others, how can the government legitimize such un-neutral/biased patterns of decision-making?▯ - about public assistance programs for the needy?▯ - criminal justice system?▯ - immigration control and regulations▯ - health care?▯ ▯ Public Assistance Programs for the Needy▯ • What should be the role of the government?▯ • Can we rely on charity, donation, volunteerism to resolve this issue?▯ ▯ • The UN conference on women in 1995▯men of Color▯ • Welfare reform in 1996▯ - reduction of welfare roles▯ - to move women toward economic self-sufﬁciency▯ • Outcomes?▯ ▯ High Rates of Incarceration in the U.S.▯ • Why are so many people being locked up? For what purpose?▯ • What are alternative approaches to ensure the safety of community?▯ ▯ Beyond Crime and Punishment: Prisons and Inequality by Western and Petit▯ • High imprisonment rates among disadvantaged men and poor economic prospects for ex-in- mates▯ • Racial inequality in employment and earning - if we include imprisoned population inequality is greater▯ ▯
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