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History of Japan 2.9.2016 Notes

by: Ellen Notetaker

History of Japan 2.9.2016 Notes hist2011

Marketplace > University of Cincinnati > History > hist2011 > History of Japan 2 9 2016 Notes
Ellen Notetaker

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About this Document

Covers Japanese Feudalism more and systematic problems
history of japan
kwan man bun
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ellen Notetaker on Tuesday February 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to hist2011 at University of Cincinnati taught by kwan man bun in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 54 views. For similar materials see history of japan in History at University of Cincinnati.


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Date Created: 02/09/16
Feudalism in Japan II: Rise and Fall of Ashikaga/Muromachi shogunate 1338-1573 Midterm exam February 23rd Everything was based on peasants tied to the land, granted by the king as a reward for the services and loyalties of the nobles and the knights. It was a very highly centralized and militarized system based on servants. It’s not a crazy system, it had a reason for its existence. Government was the reason. Someone must be able to maintain order, with no central government warriors could take over the land with their form of justice and order. Hojo Tokimasa 1138-1215 Minamoto Yoritomo 1147-1199 Will this system last? Can a weak central government provide peace and prosperity? Peasants revolt. How do you get people to obey you? Fear? Some people are happy after they pay taxes. You have to obey me because of legitimacy. Systematic problems: Legitimacy Agency Succession Economics Problem of ages, how do you make sure your subordinates will carry out your orders? Form a deal and give out money and land. The more you give them, the more loyal they become. Only had so much to give out though. A contract or legal obligation for those below to support those above. Tied things together to make sure is was with honor and faith. We rode to battle together and we will die for each other. I will go into battle to die for the law. First generation of this system said it worked. After a couple generations, it was just a faint memory of the good old days. If his grandfather did that, then why couldn’t I? Ambition. Problem of economics. Bunch of warriors that did nothing but train and train to fight. Awfully expensive to maintain. Who is going to support them? The peasants tied to the land. What was true was that they needed more warriors. Some of these problems are unique to feudalism, but these are the basic ones. After Minamoto Yoritomo’s death, his son was still a minor. What do they do? Get another member from the family until he is ready to rule. Grandfather? He would have the best interest for the grandson. Hojo Tokimasa was the father-in-law to Yoritomo. Taking the regency. Hojo Tokimune, Kamakura – faced a huge problem; here comes the Mongols. Also interested in Japan as well as China. They sent a fleet to Japan. Armed with the latest weapons. Ceramics filled with gunpowder to throw. They try to invade Japan. They were caught in a typhoon. The second time they send an even bigger fleet of 140,000 men in 1281. Japan was saved not once but twice. Japan thought, let’s start defending out land. A stone barrier was set up (Section at Imazu, Fukuoka). Kept warriors on duty all the time manning the barriers, watching for a Mongol attack. The whole feudal system was based upon how much land you could run to the warriors and knights. Go-Saga tenno (88 ) 1220-1272 - father Go-Fukakusa (89 ) 1243-1304 Kameyama (90 ) 1249-1305 Why don’t you two brothers just alternate who is the emperor. Hojo Takatoki 1303-1333 Kogon tenno 1313-1364, Northern court Ashikaga Takauji 1305-1358 th Go-Daigo-tenno (96 ) 1318-1339, Southern court The imperial family was split. And so was the shogun and his imperials. 142 of those laws pledging their allegiance. Ashikaga Yoshimitsu 1358-1408 Kemmu 17 – article code, 1336. Addressed the more pressing problems on the land of Japan. 1. The need for enforcing frugality. 2. The need for suppressing public drinking and carousing 3. The need for suppressing lawlessness 4. The need for prohibiting commandeering of private houses by warriors …… 7. The need for selecting men of political ability to serve as shugo 8. The need to prevent powerful courtiers, women and zen priests from meddling 9. The need for admonishing official negligence 10. The need for prohibiting bribery ……….. 12. The need for selecting the shogun’s personal bodyguard 13. The need for emphasizing decorum 14. The need for granting special rewards to those who have reputations for uprightness and loyalty Should these men be chosen by their nobility or their noble birth? th Ashikaga Yoshimasa, 8 shogun, 1436-1490 Ashikaga Yoshihisa, 1465-1489 Ashikaga Yoshimi, 1439-1491 Onin War 1467-1477 resulted because of the fight for emperor between Yoshimasa’s son and brother (Yoshihisa and Yoshimi) th Ashikaga Yoshiteru (13 shogun) 1536-1565


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