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Health 111, Chapter 2 Notes

by: Rose Notetaker

Health 111, Chapter 2 Notes 111

Rose Notetaker
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About this Document

Mental Health
Gayle Truitt Bean
Class Notes
health, 111, mental




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rose Notetaker on Tuesday February 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 111 at Clarion University of Pennsylvania taught by Gayle Truitt Bean in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Health in Health Sciences at Clarion University of Pennsylvania.

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Date Created: 02/09/16
I. What is Psychological Health? A. Psychological Health 1. Broad measure of well-being includes mental, emotional, and spiritual dimensions of health B. Mental Health 1. “Thinking” component of psychological health a. Allows you to perceive reality accurately and respond rationally and effectively C. Spiritual Health 1. Sense of connection to a larger purpose coupled with a system of core values that provide direction a. Can include religion or connection to nature, people or causes b. Lifelong quest for answer to big questions in life can be part of spirituality D. Good Psychological Health 1. Express Feelings in a healthy way 2. Manage Conflict/stress 3. Focus on positive activities 4. Use self-and impulse-control strategies 5. Empathic 6. Fulfill responsibilities 7. Maintain healthy relationships E. Autonomy 1. Capacity to make informed uncoerced decisions a. Make own decisions and rely on own judgement F. Assertiveness 1. Making needs and wants clear to others in an appropriate way G. Realism 1. Ability to perceive life as it really is so that you rationally respond to its demand a. Achieve positive outcomes b. Accepting the reality of people, institutions, and events c. Realizing your wants, strengths, and weaknesses, and capacity for change H. Self-Esteem 1. Sense of positive self-regard I. Optimism 1. Psychological tendency to have a positive interpretation of life’s events a. Believing positive outcomes are more likely J. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs K. Emotional Intelligence 1. Ability to accurately monitor, assess, and manage your emotions and those of others L. Values 1. Internal guidelines you use to make decisions, and help form opinions that guide behavior II. Handling Common Psychological Problems A. Shyness 1. Feelings of apprehension or intimidation in social situations, especially around unfamiliar people B. Loneliness 1. Lack of significant connections with others can be linked to higher levels of depression and general health problems C. Anger 1. Health and normal human emotions; important to express anger in a way that releases emotions without damaging relationships III. Mental Disorders A. Mental Disorders 1. Significant psychological behavioral and psychological disorder that disrupt life and impair functions and possibly could cause risk of pain or death B. Depressive Disorders 1. Depression is characterized by sadness and is usually temporary in reaction to a traumatic event 2. Depressive Disorder a. Characterized by long-term sadness, interferes with daily life and normal functioning b. Symptoms can also include lack of energy, feeling empty, worthless or guilt, social withdrawal, change in eating habits, sleep disturbances, suicide 3. Types of Depression a. Major Depression Disorder - Experiencing 5 or more symptoms for at least 2 weeks b. Dysthymic Disorder - Milder, chronic, less common type that last 2 years or more in adults c. Seasonal Affective Disorder - Caused by fewer hours of daylight during winter months 4. More Women suffer from Depression than men. Depression in men is under-diagnosed and under treated. Men more likely to self- medicate. 5. Treatment a. Antidepressants - Work on normalizing neurotransmitters serotonin, norepinephrine, dopamine - Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) are not addictive but stopping abruptly can cause withdrawal C. Bipolar Disorder 1. Mental Disorder characterized by elevated mood (mania) alternating with depressive episodes (aka Manic Depressive Disorder) 2. Can cause increased energy, decrease need for sleep, irritability, impulsive behavior, unrealistic beliefs, poor judgement a. Extreme episodes can lead to aggression or psychotic symptoms b. In untreated it can worsen over time D. Attention Disorder 1. Characterized by problems with mental focus 2. ADHD a. Characterized by inattention, hyperactive behavior, fidgeting, and a tendency toward impulsive behavior b. 6% of children have an attention disorder, more likely in boys 3. Treatment a. Behavior or cognitive therapies b. Medications: Often treated with amphetamines (Ritalin) or (Adderall) E. Anxiety Disorder 1. Persistent feelings or fear, dread, and worry 2. Types of Anxiety Disorders a. Generalized Anxiety Disorder - Chronic worry and pessimism about everyday events that lasts 6 months - Often overacts - Possible fatigue, headaches, nausea b. Panic Attacks - Episodes of sudden terror; includes chest pain, shortness of breath, dizziness, nausea - Generally go away on their own c. Panic Disorder - Reoccurring panic attacks and fear of panic attack occurring d. Social Anxiety Disorder - Intense fear of being judged by others and of being humiliated by your own actions - Symptoms include sweating, blushing, increased hear rate, trembling, stuttering - Indications of this include cancelling social engagements, few good friends, avoiding social interaction, excessive computer use instead of direct contact with people e. Phobia - Extreme, disabling, irrational fear of something that poses little or no danger - Most common type of anxiety disorder - 5 General Types of Phobia: Animal, Natural Environment, Situational, Blood or injury, Other f. OCD - Repeated unwanted thoughts that lead to rituals in attempt to control anxiety - Checking or touching things, hoarding can disrupt normal lives g. PTSD - Recurrent fear, anger, and depression 3. Treatment a. Psychotherapy and some medications b. Exposure therapy/desensitization F. Schizophrenia 1. Most common type of psychotic disorder, abnormal thinking and detachment from reality 2. Cannot be cured by treatment includes antipsychotic medication and talk therapy 3. Symptoms include delusions, hallucinations, thought disorders, inappropriate emotions IV. Suicide and Self Injury A. Self-Injury 1. Intentional, self-inflicted cuts, burns, etc. without suicidal intent 2. Effort to deal with negative or overwhelming feeling B. Suicide 1. 2 ndleading cause of death on college campuses V. Getting Help A. Self-Care 1. Eat well and exercise 2. Right amount of sleep 3. Set goals and seek support B. Professional Help 1. Counselors 2. Psychologists 3. Psychiatrists


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